Fruit and Vegetables

Fruit plants


Question: Fruit plants


As I have written to you I am new, I found your site very interesting, and since I am interested in the cultivation of orchards in general, I wanted to ask you if in this period, where some plants like peach trees are already in bloom, you could plant new ones plants like olive trees, albiccocche peaches etc., and if there is still time x to prune all the plants that I have listed. I hope in your answer, and in the wait I greet you cordially ... hello Paolo

Fruit plants: Answer: Fruit plants


Dear Paolo,
We thank you for contacting us regarding the questions about fruit plants, through the book of the Expert
OLIVO
Olivo, European Olea, is an arboreal plant native to the Mediterranean areas and is cultivated to obtain the fruits used for fresh consumption and for pressing in order to obtain the oil.
The plant is evergreen, rustic, reaching heights of up to 20 meters. The roots are superficial, the trunk greyish and twisted, the branches are green and bear lance-shaped leaves, curious with a gray-green color.
In spring (April-June) many white flowers are formed together in inflorescences that give rise to fruits, green-black colored Drupe.
The flowers are formed on 1-year branches.
The olive tree requires mild temperatures, sunny places and is resistant to drought, instead it requires regular fertilization to support the fruits that form. The ripening of the drupes generally occurs from September to winter, depending on the area and the variety.
The ideal period for planting olive trees is November - December.
With regard to pruning on these plants, it is advisable to intervene at the end of winter and in any case before the vegetative restart, possibly in periods in which frost is not feared. The cuts must not be too energetic in order not to limit production, it is advisable to make minimal cuts to form a globular crown combining the functional factor of forming the fruits with the ornamental and aesthetic one. It should be remembered that the vegetation tends to reach the periphery of the canopy, therefore it is important to intervene with frequent cuts of "return". On pruning cuts it is advisable to cover the wounds with healing pastes in order to promote rapid healing and protect the cut from accidental transmissions of fungal parasites.
PEACH
Peach (Prunus persica) is an arboreal plant native to China and is cultivated to obtain fruits.
Generally it reaches heights of 4-8 meters, the crown is rounded.
The leaves are lanceolate, with serrated edges, dark green and generally fall in the winter period. The flowers are generally pink in color, bloom in spring and give life to roundish fruits (drupa).
With regard to pruning on these plants, it is advisable to intervene at the end of winter and in any case before the vegetative restart, possibly in periods in which frost is not feared. It is advisable to make cuts to form a globose (vase) crown that combines the functional factor of forming fruits with ornamental and aesthetic. It should be remembered that the vegetation tends to reach the periphery of the canopy, therefore it is important to intervene with frequent cuts of "return". However, there is no danger of the plant becoming unproductive as it always produces branches that will bear fruit.
On pruning cuts it is also advisable in this case to cover the wounds with healing pastes in order to promote rapid healing and protect the cut from accidental transmissions of fungal parasites.
APRICOT
Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca) is a plant native to China, cultivated in Italy to obtain fragrant and tasty fruits. The plant reaches heights of up to 5-7 meters, with globose foliage, oval-shaped green leaves and white flowers with a pink outline. Flowering takes place in March, therefore exposed to damage from late frosts. The fruits are globose yellow-orange drupes, which ripen from May to July depending on the variety. The first fruits are obtained after 3-4 years from planting, while the maximum age that the plant can reach is 35-45 years.
Pruning is lighter than that of peach and depends on the habit of fructification of the different cultivars. Thinning is essential to obtain a good fruit size.
Regarding his question about the best period for planting apricot and peach, and assuming that transplanting is always a stress for the plant, the appropriate period for planting the trees is when they are in vegetative rest and for a less traumatic transplant is it is always advisable to leave the earth bread around the roots.
Yours sincerely.