Fruit and Vegetables

Lemon on the balcony

Question: Lemon on the balcony

Hi, I have recently a 1.5m Lemon in pot that I keep in the balcony.
The climate is mild, since I live in Rome, but the area where I live is often windy especially in March. My balcony is exposed to the North so I have this problem: it is better to place the plant near the wall in a point sheltered from the wind but that never receives the direct sun during the day, or position it near the railing where the sun beats from noon in the evening and blowing, but more wind?
Can the lemon in the open shade grow normally or is it prone to problems?
Best regards, thanks.

Lemon on the balcony: Answer: Lemon on the balcony

Dear Alex,
Thank you for contacting us about lemon queries via the Expert's column
The citrus tree, in general, has branches with small spines, leathery oblong leaves, pointed and slightly serrated at the edges, and from the end of March, beginning of April, it offers extremely fragrant white flowers with five lobes.
The fruit, called esperidio, has a globular-ovoid shape that is composed of several layers. The epicarp or flavedo is the rind rich in essential oils and aromatic alcohols. The mesocarp or albedo is the white middle layer. The endocarp is the pulp divided into sectors, segments, in which there are juice and seeds. It is a re-flowering plant.
The plant has a low tolerance limit for low temperatures,
lighting that must be excellent throughout the day, while the humidity of the soil must be modest in winter and good in spring and summer. So by answering his question, it is better to place it near the railing where the sun beats, not showing any particular adversity to the wind.
Care must be taken that there is then an adequate drain of the frequent rains in spring.
Fertilization is very important, given that the plant has a strong demand for nutrients to support the development of leaves, shoots and fruits.
Pruning is performed in the summer and must be done according to the production of the fruits that are generated in 1-year branches, so the shoots that have already been produced and the dried ones must be eliminated.
The lemon, like other citrus fruits in general, tolerates well the cultivation in pots because they are in nature low-sized trees and have a vigorous but slow growth.