This genus includes about one hundred species of epiphytic orchids, originating in central-southern America, generally growing in rainforests at elevated altitudes, and have small dimensions. They can be divided into two large groups: the compact form has many leaves of fairly small size, and produces numerous inflorescences, while the elongated shape looks like a climber, with long thin stems, and produces few long inflorescences. In general, the flowers are small, waxy, similar in appearance to glass flowers, have a triangular shape, with a fleshy center, similar to the belly of an insect. In general, these orchids are cultivated only by true orchid enthusiasts, since the demands for temperature and humidity are quite difficult to replicate, and often these plants tend to be subject to many diseases at our latitudes. The species originating in Central America are slightly easier to grow than the cousins from South America.
Often these orchids are grown in terrariums or in containers with controlled climate, since they need not too bright light and moderately moderate temperatures, in fact they do not bear more than 22-24 ° C, coming from places with a fairly cool climate. It is very important to cultivate telipogons in places with good air exchange and constant humidity close to 80% to guarantee the orchid the ideal conditions to develop and grow optimally.
Water regularly, keeping the mixture fairly moist, but not too soggy; it is also important to vaporize the plants often, in order to increase the environmental humidity; if these orchids are kept in places close enough to sources of heat, a container full of water should be placed near the pot. If desired, it is possible to supply fertilizer to these plants, using about a quarter of the recommended dose for other orchids, not more than once a month. Remember to always use demineralized water, since telipogons suffer a lot from the presence of harmful salts in the soil, such as chlorine often present in small quantities in the water of the aqueduct.
These plants are epiphytes, they generally live in the hollows between the branches of the trees and develop at best on the barks of other plant species; the ideal compound is therefore made up of small pieces of bark mixed with sphagnum and vegetable fiber. The soil is a fundamental element to consider when deciding to cultivate an orchid of this type. So be careful to choose the best soil for your plant.
The multiplication takes place by seed, using fresh seeds, this practice is intended for experts only due to the very small size of the seeds and the difficulty of germination and cultivation of small plants; generally the telipogons propagate by division.
Telipogon: Pests and diseases
As for diseases, parasites and problems that could damage the plant's development, we remind you that telipogons are very prone to root rot, therefore they need to be continuously monitored in this sense, since it is good to prevent their occurrence, since a plant affected by rot survives.