Juicy, pungent, sweet and fragrant - all these characteristics belong to one unique vegetable - pepper, which will add a touch of piquancy to any dish. But it is even more pleasant to get a good harvest from your own garden.
The process of growing pepper is not difficult, but its protection requires certain knowledge. Therefore, today I want to share information about the pests of pepper seedlings and how to deal with them.
- Pepper varieties
- Seedling pests
- Control methods
For the successful cultivation of pepper, an important role is played by the correct selection of the variety, on which not only the yield itself depends, but also the ripening time, frost resistance, taste and susceptibility of the vegetable to diseases and pests. Knowledge and correct selection of the variety will simplify the growing process.
Pepper has more than two thousand varieties, which I would divide into several categories:
- Sweet peppers
- Hot pepper varieties
- Pepper hybrids
- Pepper varieties for balconies and window sills
Sweet peppers include: Ivanhoe, Agapovsky, Akkord, Alyonushka, Atomor, Bagration, Belladonna, Snow White, Turquoise, Buratino, Faithfulness, Victoria, Denis, Dobryak, Eroshka, Yellow bell, Zarya, Isabella, Prometheus, Florida and many others.
The top ten varieties of hot peppers are headed by: Adjika, Indian Summer, Hungarian yellow, Magic bouquet, Gorgon, For mother-in-law, Coral, Red Fat Man, Fiery Maiden, Ogonyok.
Pepper hybrids are popular because they are resistant to diseases, pests and are not afraid of temperature changes. Common types are: Adler, Ararat, Erivan, Kazbek Terek.
The balcony and indoor varieties include Aquarelle, Sweetie, Chanterelle, Treasure Island, Sorvanets, Yarik. These types of peppers are stunted and the fruits are small. One advantage is that peppers can be grown in small containers in an apartment or on a balcony.
After planting the seeds, we look forward to the emergence of the sprout. And then the day came: the stalk broke through, turned green, and began to grow. From the pot we begin to plant seedlings in the greenhouse or directly on the garden bed. From this moment on, the danger arises. Pests begin to attack pepper:
- Spider mite
- Greenhouse whitefly
- Naked slugs
Aphids are the most common pest that affects shoots, leaves, inflorescences, causes twisting and falling of greenery, underdevelopment of the fruit. Optimal conditions for aphid life are temperatures +22 - +25 degrees Celsius and air humidity in the range of 75 - 85%. This is the wet summer period. For the entire season of pepper fertility, aphids can give more than 20 generations, which will injure the plant until the entire crop is destroyed.
This parasite prefers to infect pepper seedlings in greenhouse conditions. All climatic conditions have been created for them here. The parasite settles on the lower part of the leaf and covers it with a thin cobweb. As a result, the leaf loses color, curls and falls off. In this case, the tick does not die, it continues to feed on the stem cell sap, which contributes to the death of the inflorescence and the fetus itself.
The mite appears in the second half of June, when the air is dry and the plants do not receive the required moisture. Unlike aphids, it takes a week to one month to reproduce one generation of a tick. Therefore, the number of generations of this parasite is much smaller.
Whitefly is the most dangerous pest of pepper seedlings, since due to its size of 1.5 mm and an imperceptible pale body, it is completely invisible. The body of this insect is covered with a waxy coating and secretes honeydew, saturated with sugary substances. It is they who pollute the surface of the leaves, draw out moisture from them, as a result, the plant dries up.
The larva of the nutcracker insect is called wireworms. Unlike the above pests, wireworms infect the root of the seedlings themselves. They live and reproduce in soil at a depth of 10-15 cm for 5 years. By hitting the pepper, they slowly kill it. The infected plant begins to lag behind in growth and dies in speed.
Medvedka is a pest up to 5 cm in size, dark brown in color, which prefers to live in moist soil rich in humus. The danger of this insect is that it begins to destroy plants from the very beginning. Parasites make underground passages for themselves, gnaw through the root and stem.
For fans of growing pepper in film greenhouses and greenhouses, you need to know about naked slugs - pests of pepper seedlings, which prefers too moist soil and night food. Slugs mainly eat leaves, gnawing large holes and eating them completely. After eating greens, they destroy flowers and young fruit.
Pest control is an important part of growing vegetables. Probably, there is no such period when the crop was able to grow without interference. There is always a parasite that wants to spoil the plant.
Knowledge of pest control methods for pepper seedlings will help to avoid the death of the vegetable and preserve the harvest.
Aphid control methods
The most effective way to combat aphids is to spray the plant with a decoction of wormwood, yarrow, or a solution of pesticides.
For a decoction of wormwood you will need:
- 1kg chopped and dried wormwood.
The wormwood is boiled for 15 minutes. After cooling the broth, filter and add 10 liters of water. To make the broth more sticky to the leaves, you can add a few grams of soap. Pepper leaves are sprayed with this solution, killing aphids.
- 800 grams of dried plants
- Boiled water
Grinding the plant is poured with boiling water for 2 days, then filtered and 20 grams of soap is added for every 10 liters of liquid. Such a remedy is very effective, since the body of the aphid is covered with a burning soapy solution, and the insect dies.
Spider mite control methods
The most proven way to combat this parasite is to pre-treat greenhouses with bleach. For 10 liters of water, up to 200 grams of powder is used. Since the tick hibernates well, this disinfection will kill the larvae.
Also, in the fight against ticks, a biological method is used - the phytoseilus mite is bred. He kills the opponent, while not injuring the plant.
Wire fighting techniques
In the process of fighting the wire, a very tricky method is used. Heaps of herbs and vegetables are laid out between the rows of plants to attract beetles: straw, beets, carrots, potatoes. All this attracts parasites. After 2 - 4, having accumulated in the grass den, the insects are removed and killed
Methods of dealing with a bear
One of the surest ways to deal with the bear is to set traps. After harvesting, manure is poured into pits up to 40 cm deep. As you know, it keeps the temperature very well, so the bears make an "office" here for the winter. In the spring, these areas are dug up and the pests are destroyed. Even these pests of pepper seedlings are frightened by the smell of kerosene and naphthalene. The places where the parasite accumulates can be treated with these agents.
Methods for dealing with slugs naked
Since this parasite prefers a greenhouse and greenhouse environment, you should not moisten the soil too much, you should often ventilate the room, prevent weeds from germinating, and spray the soil with a mixture of lime and tobacco.
Performing all these actions is the key to the health of pepper seedlings.
For proper care of pepper seedlings, some tips will be useful, presented in this video. For example, you will learn how to plant peppers correctly and what kind of soil should be prepared for planting.
In this video, the presenter will talk about the benefits of pepper, about when and how to plant it, how often to water, so that the floor is juicy and crispy.