Sidalcea is a very original and unpretentious plant for a flower garden. She won popularity among flower growers due to its undemanding soil and the absence of diseases that most flowering plants are susceptible to. Having planted a sidalese as a border plant or decorating a flower bed with delicate flowers, you can forget about the rejuvenation of the bush, feeding and transplanting for several years.
- The origin of the sidalese
- Sidalcea - planting and care
- Reproduction of sidalese
The origin of the sidalese
The herb of the same name from North America is considered the homeland of the sidalese garden. Sidalese, belonging to the mallow family, is strikingly similar to the stock-rose known to all flower growers: it has the same straight spike-shaped peduncle, strewn with inflorescences of all shades of pink and red, and the rounded leaves are collected in a rosette located at the bottom of the stem.
The only difference is the size of the plant - the height of the sidalese does not exceed 1 meter, while the stem-rose reaches 3 meters in height.
Under natural conditions, sidalese grows in glades open to the sun's rays, surrounded by many plants. When creating cultivated varieties, breeders retained such plant qualities as high compatibility with many crops, frost resistance, increased resistance to pathogens.
This allows you to use the sidalese as a border, to fill the vacant places in the flower bed among other flowering low-growing plants, as well as in mixborders.
The most popular varieties of garden sidalcea are:
- William Smith
- Rose Queen
- Elsie Heugh
- Little Princess
The variety of shades of garden Sidalcea allows you to arrange a flower garden in almost any color scheme. The plant's ability to get along with other representatives of the flora has made it one of the most popular among flower growers.
Sidalcea - planting and care
Sowing seeds of sidalese begins in the spring, when the average air temperature during the day rises to above 10 degrees Celsius. Sow seeds into moist, well-loosened soil. Planting depth is from 2 to 3.5 cm. After sowing, the bed must be compacted and watered abundantly with cold water. Sidalese shoots appear within 2-3 weeks. If the seedlings are located too often, they must be thinned out, leaving at least 10-15 cm between the plants.
After the formation of four true leaves, the seedlings are thinned out again, leaving a distance of 40-75 cm between them. The removed seedlings can be carefully transplanted to other flower beds.
Sidalese care is reduced to the following procedures:
- Timely watering combined with fertilizing with universal fertilizer for garden flowers. The plant does not tolerate the drying out of the substrate surrounding the roots, so you need to water Sidalcea at least three times a week.
- Mulching the soil around the plants with humus or cutted dry grass to prevent the topsoil from drying out quickly.
- Weeding and loosening the soil around the sidalese plantings.
- Trimming stems with faded flowers at the root. So you can limit the formation and ripening of seeds, which directly affect the duration and splendor of the Sidalcea flowering for the better.
- With the onset of constant cold weather, the plants are slightly covered with leaf litter, however, in the middle lane, the sidalese hibernates perfectly without shelter.
Despite the unpretentiousness, it is better to plant sidalese on cultivated garden soil, free from weeds. It is good if the landing site is well lit by the sun during the day. Sidalcea, although it tolerates light shading, but in good lighting its flowering is longer and brighter, and the bushes look more attractive due to the abundance of leaves and peduncles.
Reproduction of sidalese
Basal rosettes are used as planting material for the reproduction of sidalcea, which are best transplanted in early spring before the growth points awaken. The roots of the plant are thin, therefore, it is necessary to separate young offspring from the mother bush with care so as not to damage the short central rhizome.
After separation, it is important to immediately plant young plants, since overdrying the roots negatively affects the survival rate of sidalese. For longer storage, young sockets are separated with a small clod of earth, after which they are immediately placed in a strong airtight container, which will protect the roots from drying out and injury.
Sidalese seeds, intended for sowing next spring, are harvested fully ripe. The ripening of the seeds can be recognized by the appearance of the seed capsule - it becomes brown. The seeds, located inside the capsule in a ring, are separated from each other, but at the same time they do not spill out of it. Store harvested seeds in a cool, dry place. When propagated by seeds, sidalese blooms only after wintering, with basal rosettes - in the year of planting.
Sidalcea is one of the few plants that, with a minimum of physical and material costs for care, continues to bloom from the beginning of summer until the onset of the first frost. An unpretentious and very beautiful plant fell in love with many gardeners around the world precisely for these qualities.
All about growing flower seedlings, see the video: