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Home rose: growing, care, pest control


Not every city dweller has the opportunity to grow roses in natural conditions. Therefore, a miniature copy of the queen of flowers is becoming more and more popular.

Content:

  • Types of roses suitable for growing in flowerpots
  • Growing and transplanting indoor roses
  • Pest and disease control

Types of roses suitable for growing in flowerpots

Not every rose is suitable for growing in a space enclosed by a flowerpot. These flowers have a very strong root system and the lack of space in the soil caused by flowerpots can cause disease or death of the plant. At best, the rose will be a frail, sickly plant, not a beauty with gorgeous flowers.

Therefore, if you want to grow roses on the windowsill, you should remember that garden varieties are not suitable for this. Specially bred indoor roses differ from garden roses only in size.

Most often, types of roses are used in indoor floriculture:

  • Polyanthus
  • Climbing
  • Repaired
  • Tea-hybrid

All of them differ mainly in the size of the bush and buds, the color range. Rarely, when the size of the flower exceeds 4-5 centimeters in any of the above roses.

Growing and transplanting indoor roses

The variety of indoor roses you like can be grown from a cuttings. This is the most effective breeding for her. The principle of cuttings is identical to the garden rose. Cuttings are most often planted in early spring, but branches cut in late autumn can also be used. A stalk no more than 15 centimeters long with 3-4 buds is placed in water. After two weeks, it takes root and can be transplanted into the ground.

If the flower was purchased in a store, you should not rush to transplant it from an unsightly container. The rose is very vulnerable, you must first provide her with the opportunity to adapt to the conditions of the room where she will grow. After two to three weeks, if the plant feels comfortable, there are no signs of wilting and disease, you can replant it.

A new flowerpot should not be taken much larger than the old one. Otherwise, the flower will begin to develop its root system according to its size and completely forget about flowering. Experienced flower growers recommend taking a new flowerpot two fingers wider and higher than the old one.

Indoor rose is a pretty delicate flower. In order for her to want to bloom, it is necessary to follow some rules in her care:

  1. Temperature. In the summer, the suitable air temperature for a plant is about 20 degrees. The rose does not like warm winter. Feels comfortable if the temperature is 8-10 degrees Celsius.
  2. Air humidity. Rose does not like dry air. It must be often sprayed with warm water, saturating the air around with moisture and oxygen. It is advisable to spray the leaves on both sides. In winter, when heating devices greatly reduce the moisture content in the air, the plant can be moistened several times a day. The main thing is that the water is not cold.
  3. The sun. Lack of sunlight can slow down the budding of the rose. Or it won't bloom at all. Therefore, the best place to place a rose in the house is a windowsill. It is desirable that the window faces east or southeast. During short daylight hours, the plant must be illuminated with fluorescent lamps. This is especially important in the spring, when the rose is actively growing after hibernation.
  4. Fresh air. In the spring-summer period, when the air outside warms up enough, it is best to take the rose to the balcony or terrace. But the rose does not like drafts. At any time of the year, care should be taken that the plant is protected from the slightest movement of air. This is especially important in cold weather.

Basic requirements for caring for a room rose

  1. Watering. Rose is a moisture-loving plant. Therefore, in the spring-summer period, it should be watered quite often, as the soil dries out. It is best to take water for irrigation thawed or rainwater. Tap water should be left to stand for several days and the plant should be watered only warm. In winter, the frequency of watering should be reduced to 2-3 times a week, depending on the humidity in the room.
  2. Drainage. So that the roots do not rot from an excess of moisture in the soil, it is necessary to take care of drainage when planting a plant. The drainage layer must be at least one centimeter thick. If a hole is not provided in the bottom of the flowerpot, then it is necessary to pour the drainage mixture 3-5 centimeters. Expanded clay is suitable in the form of drainage.
  3. The soil. The rose is very demanding on the soil. Planted in the wrong soil, it will stop growing, it will not bloom. The best option for her is a soil mixture bought in a specialized store. You need to take a universal or specially prepared soil for roses. The soil should be periodically loosened to saturate it with oxygen.
  4. Fertilizer. Indoor rose must be fertilized regularly. At least once a week. You can alternate root and foliar feeding. Foliar dressing consists in spraying the leaves of the plant from a spray bottle with special nutrient mixtures.
  5. Transfer. The rose is transplanted very rarely in the autumn, using the transshipment method. A rose transplanted in spring will bloom no earlier than a year later. Its roots are very delicate and do not tolerate this kind of stress. Therefore, this should be done in case of emergency. After transplanting, the plant must be given the opportunity to adapt - removed to a dark place for a day or two. Top dressing should be started one month after transshipment.
  6. Pruning. Indoor rose is pruned twice a year: in spring and autumn. In the spring, withered leaves and flowers are cut. Timely pruned withering buds will give the plant an opportunity to direct its forces to new flowers that have just appeared. This pruning will prolong the flowering of the rose bush. Autumn pruning is the removal of a portion of all branches. The remaining branches should have 4-5 buds. It is necessary for the formation of a bush.

Pest and disease control

An indoor rose is no less susceptible to pest attacks than a garden rose. Its main enemy is the spider mite, the fight against which is very laborious. Therefore, for prevention, the plant should be sprayed with a special solution. You can fight a tick only with insecticidal preparations, which are sold in special stores.

Some rose lovers claim that garden ants successfully kill ticks on infested plants. It is enough just to put a flowerpot with a diseased plant near the anthill.

With improper care, the rose can get sick. She also has her own immunity, like a person. Weakened from lack of sunlight or watering, depleted soil, it is unable to resist disease. Indoor rose can get sick with gray mold or powdery mildew.

In this case, the leaves of the plant should be washed on both sides with a solution of baking soda in the proportion of two teaspoons per liter of warm water. During processing, the soil in the flowerpot should be covered with polyethylene. This procedure is continued several times until all plaque on the leaves disappears.

Before buying a room rose, you should determine whether the microclimate in the house is suitable for it. Otherwise, the plant, with all the efforts and feeding, will not be able to fully please with its beauty and amazing aroma.

How to care for indoor roses, see the video:


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