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When tulips are planted: we sort it out together


Tulips are one of the favorite garden plants, they can be found literally on every second personal plot. What could be better for a novice florist? Today we will consider the timing and features of planting tulips.

Content:

  • When and how tulips are planted
  • Features of planting tulips in spring
  • Tulip and bulb care

When and how tulips are planted

Tulips bloom in early spring. Already on March 8, they can be presented to beloved women, and as soon as the snow melts, they begin to bloom on their own land plots. However, the question arises: when should tulips be planted so that they cover the garden by the beginning of spring?

There are two opinions on this, some growers argue that it is advisable to plant the bulbs in the spring along with other flowers and vegetables, while others strongly recommend doing it in the fall.

The homeland of tulips is Central Asia, in early spring the slopes of mountains and fields are covered with a carpet of tulips. As soon as the warmth comes, the flowers immediately dry up, the petals fall off and only one bulb remains of the flower. With the arrival of autumn, the bulbs form new roots that feed the bulb throughout the winter so that it blooms again in the spring.

Cultivated tulips have the same life cycle as wild tulips, so they should be planted in autumn. After the tulip has faded, the bulbs must be dug up and stored until autumn.

The optimal planting time for tulips is mid-September to late October. The time should be chosen depending on the characteristics of the region and the weather conditions in it. For example, in central Russia, bulbs are planted at the end of September, in the south - in October.

It is better to determine the date of planting tulips not by the calendar, but by your own observations of the weather:

  1. The soil temperature at a depth of 10 cm should reach +8 degrees.
  2. If the temperature is above +9 degrees, then rooting will be problematic, and the bulb will most likely die in winter.
  3. If the temperature is below +7 degrees, then the bulbs do not ripen to take root, and in the spring they will not bloom normally.

For the rooting of the bulbs, 25 days are enough. If the planting date was missed, then you can have time to plant a flower before December, but it is better to postpone this procedure to spring.

Features of planting tulips in spring

In spring, tulips are planted only if this period was missed for some reason in the fall. Growing a tulip in spring is somewhat more difficult, however, it is quite possible.

To speed up flowering, place the bulbs in the refrigerator.

It was mentioned above that tulips bloom well after freezing in winter, so you need to artificially provide such conditions. Under no circumstances should the bulbs be placed in the freezer.

The onion should lie in the refrigerator for one day, then it is washed with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. After this, it can be planted calmly in the ground. This must be done no later than April. If there are still frosts, then it is still necessary to plant the bulbs, only to use not open ground for this, but a special container.

When warm weather sets in, the bulbs can be gently moved to the area.

The most important thing when growing tulips in spring is careful adherence to agricultural technology. If you take care of the flower incorrectly, then over time, the bulb will be depleted, and the stems and flowers will become smaller.

The container or box should only be half full of earth. The minimum distance between the bulbs is chosen. The bulbs are sprinkled with earth on top with a layer of 5 cm. This procedure is done a month before planting in open ground. If already blooming tulips were bought, then they cannot be transplanted into the ground, you need to wait until the flowering period is over.

Before planting tulips, you need to prepare the soil, the site is dug to a depth of 25 cm, it is advisable to add humus and washed sand to it for greater water permeability. You can put up to 10 bulbs in one hole.

Tulip and bulb care

When applying fertilizers, it is forbidden to use preparations containing chlorine. During the entire life cycle, three dressings are made:

  • when the first shoots appear
  • before flowering
  • after flowering

The amount of watering should be calculated so that water penetrates to the bulk of the roots. One square meter with tulips consumes from 10 to 40 liters of water. In order not to burn the leaves, neither water nor fertilizers should get into them. As soon as the flowering period ends, watering is stopped.

Weeds need to be dug out in a timely manner, as they not only transfer pests to tulips, but also take moisture and nutrients from the soil. Bulbs also require extra care before planting. In the fall, they are distilled, this process is long and requires compliance with certain stages.

After buying or growing the bulb, it must be cleaned of the integumentary peel and inspected for defects and areas affected by parasites. In addition, the peeled bulb will receive more nutrients from the soil.

Before planting, the bulb must be degreased with a solution of potassium permanganate. It should be put in a weak pink solution for at least half an hour. Instead of potassium permanganate, you can use a solution of celandine. To eliminate the risk of contamination with putrefactive bacteria, tulip bulbs are planted in a clean substrate, not last year's.

The dug out bulbs are placed in boxes in one layer. They are kept outdoors for several days for ventilation, and then stored in a room where the temperature is kept at 22 degrees, preferably in the attic of the house. After two weeks, the bulbs are cleaned of old scales and earth. In such conditions, the bulbs are stored until August, then they are moved to conditions where the temperature is kept no more than 17 degrees. After a month, the bulbs can be planted.

Growing and caring for tulips is not so difficult, they do not need special, exotic conditions. Growing tulips is within the power of any gardener, the main thing is to comply with all terms and temperature conditions, follow the rules for processing and storing bulbs.

For the correct planting of tulips, see the video:


Watch the video: Trench Planting Tulip Bulbs and Daffodils in the Fall (January 2022).