Pteris is a fern from the pteris family, which has beautiful leaves of various sizes and shapes, they can be green or variegated. Some species of this plant can be grown and bred even at home, pteris blooms especially well with proper care and high humidity.
- Features and distribution
- Plant varieties
- Growing at home
- Beneficial features
Features and distribution
The origin of the pteris is from the Mediterranean, China and Japan. Such plants are huge and unpretentious ferns in breeding. Pteris is the most numerous genus of the pteris family, with more than 250 species. The plant can be found almost throughout the planet, in the tropics or temperate latitudes. Especially many of the forms that are used today as a house plant originated from the lands of New Zealand and Australia.
Of the entire variety of species, only two are most popular:
- Multi-cut pteris. We are very fond of interior designers. It is characterized by a compact, curvy shape and resistance to careless maintenance.
- Cretan pteris. It has many varieties. This fern smells good and is easy to get. Cretan pteris leaves are often used as decorations for bouquets.
As already mentioned above, the Cretan pteris and the multiplied pteris are the most popular fern species that are common in the modern world. Let's consider these two types in more detail.
Homeland - Caucasus, Mediterranean, Middle East. It can be found mainly on river banks and rocks.
The length of its leaves can vary from 15 to 50 centimeters, and their width is from 10 to 20 centimeters. The leaves are pinnately dissected (the lower pair is dissected) and have 2-6 pairs of segments. The length of the straight petiole is up to 30 centimeters, and its color is straw yellow or light brown.
Cretan pteris is presented in many varieties, which can differ significantly in leaf curl, growth rate, culture and other features. For example, Albo-lineata is one of the popular varieties that has green stripes on the leaves, while Gautieri has light green and irregularly feathery leaves. The variety Wimsettii is popular abroad, it has interesting patterns on all the top leaves. This variety is widely used in floristry.
Pteris Cretan is also the only species that grew in the territory of the former Soviet Union.
A fern native to East Asia, which can be found again on river banks, as well as on rocks and in their cracks. Twice pinnately dissected dark green leaves in the form of wide triangles grow up to 40 centimeters long and no more than 20 centimeters wide. Linear narrow segments are about 2 millimeters thick. The thin brown petiole of the plant reaches 25 centimeters.
Cristata is the most famous variety of multi-cut pteris, which was brought to European countries from China. It differs in that the tops of its leaves are comb-widened and serrated.
Growing at home
- Location. It is best to grow the fern on a windowsill on the bright side of the house. However, the plant itself should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Optimal lighting is partial shade. If the leaves of your plant are green, it is best to keep the room temperature around 12 degrees. For plants with variegated leaves, the temperature should be slightly higher - about 18 degrees.
- Landing. Without exception, all ferns are very demanding on the soil. It should have a suspended content of coniferous soil, approximately equal amounts of leafy earth, sand and humus are added to it. Pteris differs from other ferns in that the reaction of its soil mixture must be neutral.
- Care. In warm seasons, pteris should be watered abundantly, and a little less often in cold seasons. The main thing is that the soil is not dry. In the period from spring to autumn, the plant requires feeding. For this, you can use flower fertilizers with a low concentration. Care must be taken so that dried leaves do not appear on the fern, and when they appear, immediate removal is required.
- Reproduction. In the spring, the rhizomes of the plants are separated and planted in different pots. Reproduction by spores, which form small plants during development, is also possible. For effective growth, you need to beware of drying leaves, as well as scale insects and aphids.
In folk medicine, a decoction from any part of the fern is used from:
- chest pain
- urinary tract infections
- insecticide poisoning
- inflammation of the lymph nodes
Pteris is a beautiful plant that can be easily grown at home with high humidity and certain temperatures. Some varieties of such a fern are widely used in the decoration of bouquets, etc. And the useful properties of the plant will allow you not only to enjoy its appearance, but also to use it for effective treatment and prevention of various diseases.
Video about growing a fern at home: