Spreading plum is one of the most common landscape plants that is commonly used to decorate city parks and home gardens. The plant is valued for its decorative properties, but experienced gardeners also note a number of disadvantages of the culture, the main of which is recognized as its insufficient resistance to cold and pests.
- External features
- Growing places
- Useful properties in traditional medicine
- Planting and care rules
Cherry plum or splayed plum can become an amazing decoration of any green planting. Such an unremarkable name is successfully compensated for by its synonyms that gardeners have lovingly endowed it with: cherry plum, because juicy fruits are very similar to cherries, and also spread out, due to the peculiarities of the growth of its branches.
Its dark red and purple foliage is associated with the legendary Japanese sakura, sung all over the world in the mysterious hokku. It is this exotic color and the original appearance of the crown of all shades of lilac that greatly expand the range of use of the spreading plum: from the fruitful gardens of the southern regions and agricultural lands of the middle zone to the landscape design of urban landscapes. The crown of the shrub grows widely and tapers upwards.
Brick-red or purple thorny shoots are adorned with white flowers in spring, which bloom before leaves appear on the branches. Despite a special love for this colorful plant culture, many gardeners, breeders and landscape designers note the insufficient winter hardiness of the tree.
It is a very valuable and colorful tree (shrub) characteristic of the southern gardens of Eurasia. Plum spread out of all types can be found in green spaces of the Crimea, the Caucasus, Asia Minor and even Siberia. It is under the gentle southern sun that cherry plum blooms in lush color and pleases with juicy fruits in abundance. In central Russia, the plum sometimes freezes, so sometimes it needs additional care, which will be discussed later.
Cherry plum grows rapidly for 15 years, after which the growth of branches stops and fruiting becomes the main stage of the life cycle.
The trees and shrubs of the spreading plum quite well tolerate the drought and dry winds characteristic of the steppe regions. It is good and comfortable for a plum to grow in soft clay soil, although this is not essential for a good fruiting tree.
All types of spreading plums tolerate urban conditions with their gas content and high air temperatures due to highways.
Cherry plum is very valuable for landscaping parks and gardens of megalopolises, because it begins to bloom in early spring, and the crown is decorated with abundant lush flowers. Therefore, designers willingly grow young shoots in greenhouses and plant them near the ground in general landscape compositions. Plum bushes look very picturesque as hedges of city parks, stone gardens and green lawns.
Also, all types of spreading plums due to their unique beauty and peculiarities of the growth of branches are safely used by Michurin's followers for planting as tapeworms - plants that look beautiful when they grow alone on the lawn. Spreading plum, growing away from the main landscaping complex, retains its slender shape and unique appearance, making a successful and soft accent in the entire landscape. That is why the spreading plum can be easily recognized as the blossoming soul of a garden or park.
Among the main dangers that lie in wait for gardeners on the way to a lush plum garden are pests of the leaf beetle, moth, classical aphid, nun silkworm, scale insect, as well as diseases: perforated and black spotted.
Useful properties in traditional medicine
In addition to the pleasure of sweet juicy fruits, cherry plum brings many benefits to human health, because it is rich in citric acid and pectin. For decoctions and tinctures, folk healers and ordinary people use:
- fresh and dried cherry plums - to improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract
- flowers - for the treatment of liver and kidney diseases
- twigs - for healing the stomach, removing toxic substances and general toning of the body
Especially useful are decoctions with splayed plum in combination with freshly squeezed lemon juice and rosehip tincture. Among the contraindications are hyperacidity, gastritis and gastric ulcer.
Planting and care rules
- It is better to plant plums in places in the open sun. Shoots should not be poured so that the water stagnates. For rapid growth, lime or dolomite flour is added to the soil from sod land, humus and sand. A drainage layer of 10 cm of crushed stone is allowed. After the first watering, the soil settles and the root collar should remain at ground level.
- The trees are fed in early spring, sometimes additionally in early autumn. The top dressing includes mullein, urea, ammonium nitrate.
Cherry plum tolerates a short drought well, but regular watering is necessary at the rate of 1 bucket of water per 1 square meter of crown. Dry branches are pruned in winter and early spring before bud break. Hedges are pruned in spring and late summer 4-5 times per season.
Lush bloom for your garden and juicy fruits on your table!
Informative video about splayed plum: