For a long time, a violet appeared among horticultural crops, and now it is diligently grown in indoor conditions. No worries. If you know the rules of care, then Saintpaulia, this is an academic name, will delight the eye with beautiful flowers.
The most positive conditions for violets
The violet is an excellent decoration for a room if the living conditions are right for it. You should choose a place that is saturated with light. The abundance of flowering, the shade of the inflorescence depends on this. But Saintpaulia does not like direct sunlight. Experts advise placing the plant in such windows:
There is artificial brightening that can be used when growing indoor violets. She should be in the world for more than half a day. In this case, fluorescent lamps are used. The processes that take place in Saintpaulia will slow down noticeably as soon as the temperature is below 15 degrees.
Sharp changes in temperature, as well as drafts, will negatively affect the violet. Because of this, it does not need to be taken out onto the balcony, even in summer. In winter, you should worry about keeping the violets warm. For this, there are special materials that insulate from the cold. The plant needs less watering at this time.
The effectiveness of the appearance of flowers depends on the correct clarification.
Watering and humidity
Often, violets die because the roots begin to rot due to the receipt of a large amount of moisture. Therefore, special attention should be paid to watering. The water is used warm, and the irrigation frequency is uniform. There is no need to flood the violet with water, it needs watering when the soil dries up. But moisture must be present inside the pot. This is the capriciousness of the plant: it does not like a lot of water, but drying out badly affects its development.
To provide good conditions, several watering methods are used:
- Water is poured into the pallet, but you need to monitor its surplus, which is poured out if necessary.
- The pot is immersed in water.
- When the temperature goes beyond 22 degrees, water from above. The main thing is that the drops do not fall on the leaves.
The violet should not be sprayed, it causes stains, but it loves high humidity. In this case, it is better to use wet expanded clay, sand or a vessel with water that will be nearby. If the violet does not receive the required moisture, the leaves wither, drop, the plant loses its appearance. If such a situation arises, Saintpaulia's help is required. The pot should be immersed in warm water for an hour.
After that, the plant should be in a dark place, covered with foil for a day. This procedure will restore elasticity to the leaves. If a violet constantly succumbs to stress, it is unlikely to delight the eye with beautiful flowers. It is advised to pay attention to the soil. You can buy it in special stores, as well as make it yourself. To do this, mix the following land:
Add baking powder to this mixture:
- River sand
- Sliced sphagnum
To facilitate the care of the plant, it is advised to acquire 3-4 pots of different sizes. Mostly containers made of clay or plastic are used. The youngest violets need small pots, and over time, they need to be transplanted into large containers. This procedure should be done after a few months, in accordance with how the plant feels in this vessel. It is better that it is not high.
The plant is fed with minerals, create the right conditions, select the appropriate soil so that it blooms well.
Problems and diseases of violets
Violets are representatives of the tropics. As soon as they feel cold, they stop blooming. Their roots need warmth, then this plant will delight you with its flowers. To do this, it is advised to use some tricks: put foam circles under the pot. This will create a certain warmth for the violet. A planter is also used, into which a pot is inserted to isolate from the cold. You can also plant the saintpaulia in a plastic bowl and then insert it into a beautiful pot. From this, the roots will be in a certain protection.
But the absence of flowering can be affected by other factors, such as:
- Frequent transplant
- Lack of light
- Lack of fertilizers, minerals
In order for violets to delight with their flowers all year round, you must strictly adhere to the rules of care. They require a little attention. If you plant it in a very large pot, then it is unlikely that flowers will appear, since only leaves will grow, after which the soil will be depleted. In this case, transplant the plant immediately.
There are other problems that often appear in the care of Saintpaulia:
- From the cold, the leaves of the plant begin to turn pale, so it is better to remove the violet from the windowsill at night, especially in winter.
- If you constantly water the violet with cold water, then brown spots will begin to appear on the leaves. To eliminate and prevent the occurrence of such a problem, the water should only be warm.
- Leaves also suffer from direct rays of the sun. They begin to take on a light yellow tint.
- The violet can be attacked by various pests, which should be disposed of. Otherwise, the plant will die. It can be mealybug, whitefly and others.
- In saintpaulia, the roots may start to rot. This happens due to strong moisture, as well as with a sharp change in temperature. This change is accompanied by sluggish leaves, rot in the middle of the soil. In this case, you can root the plant by cutting off the rot. The violet is inserted into the water, waiting for the roots to appear, or placed in the ground.
- Sometimes mold appears on flowers or leaves. It is necessary to treat the plant with a fungicide, removing damage. You should be careful, as it may be powdery mildew that does not need to be sprayed. This will only hurt the violet.
So, in order for the violet to please with its wonderful flowers, you need to carefully look after it, since this is a difficult plant.
Video tips for proper violet care: