There are no people in the world who are absolutely indifferent to small tomatoes. It is cherries that resemble cherry tomatoes.
- Breeding history
- Description of cherry varieties
- Planting and growing recommendations
- Types and varieties
Officially 1973 is the date of "birth" of these tomatoes. In that year, Israeli scientists managed to develop a new variety of tomatoes - small sweet tomatoes that ripened not singly or in pairs, but in bunches. The experiment, which aimed to create tomatoes that slowly ripen in hot climates, exceeded expectations. Genetic biologists, together with breeders, have created cherry tomatoes, which are now popular all over the world.
If we describe this variety of tomatoes, then it should be noted that with proper cultivation and care on one brush, you can count up to 20 or more units of small tomatoes. Their shape and color depend on the variety and growing conditions. There are red, yellow, orange, brown, green, brown, pink and even black cherry fruits.
Cherries do not always resemble cherries in shape. Modern breeders have achieved many varied results over the past decades. Small tomatoes can be round, elongated, flattened, drop-shaped. In shape, they can resemble a pear, pumpkin, vegetable marrow, berries. The taste of these tomatoes has a variety of shades, but it is always a pronounced sweetness of tomatoes.
On an industrial scale, cherry tomatoes are already used in many countries. The main suppliers are Turkey, Holland, Spain, Italy, Chile.
In local latitudes, as well as in Europe, the cultivation of different varieties of cherry on garden plots and balconies is rather decorative. Our gardeners and farmers do not yet set the goal of growing these tomatoes for harvesting and mass consumption. But any gardener and gardener when growing cherry is proud of the result. The beauty of ripe flowing long bunches is mesmerizing.
Description of cherry varieties
Depending on the variety of tomatoes, they can be grown both in the garden in greenhouses and in the open field, and in pots on balconies and window sills. But some support is always necessary, since the trunk does not support the weight of ripe cherry brushes. In some varieties, the length of each bunch can reach 1 meter in some industrial varieties. The weight of each small tomato does not exceed 25 grams. Cherry tomatoes have a special property: they ripen together, are resistant to cracking and are practically equal in mass with each other.
These tomatoes look very impressive in hanging pots. Small berries hanging from the tassels give the impression of beads against the background of carved foliage. At home, cherry trees sown in March can bear fruit for almost a year. Of all types and varieties of tomatoes, cherry tomatoes are the fastest ripening and disease resistant.
Like ordinary tomatoes, cherry blossoms are divided into:
- Tall (indeterminate)
- Stunted (determinant)
- Average (semi-determinant)
Cherry, like ordinary tomatoes, are hybrid and varietal. It should be remembered that hybrids are not harvested for seeds, as they do not retain their parental traits. Any tomato can grow from the seeds of a cherry hybrid. You can leave the fruit of varietal tomatoes on the seeds. When purchasing seeds, you should definitely adhere to the recommendations on agricultural technology for growing this variety of tomatoes.
Planting and growing recommendations
General recommendations for growing cherry tomatoes:
- The seeds are placed directly into boxes or other objects prepared for planting without soaking.
- Land for planting: a mixture of black soil with sand, in a ratio of 4: 1 or 3: 1.
- The seeds are placed in the ground shallow, watered with warm water and covered with food wrap.
- After the sprouts appear, the film is removed. This happens no earlier than 5 days after planting.
- After strengthening the sprouts, thinning is done, leaving the strongest. If not all seeds have sprouted or planting was rare, thinning is not necessary.
- From time to time it is necessary to water and loosen the ground. You can feed the plants with fertilizers, but not more often than 1 time 2 weeks.
- In the case of transplanting seedlings, this must be done before the beginning of the ovary of flowers, no later than a month after germination and emergence of shoots.
- In the case of planting tall varieties, pegs and tie up the plant.
- Cherry need not be pinned. You cannot cut off the main leaves - this will cause a lack of fruiting.
Usually fruits are set after 2-4 months of planting. Ripening is fast. One bush of cherry tomatoes can bear fruit for 6 months.
Types and varieties
Usually varieties of cherry tomatoes are divided according to the method of cultivation. Before purchasing seeds for planting, you need to decide on the place of growing tomatoes. Cherry tomatoes - their varieties are varied and magnificent.
Open ground varieties
- Beads. Domestic selection. Small red sweet fruits.
- Lemon. The fruits are light yellow, not sweet, resembling the shape of the fruit of the same name.
- Green pearl. Sweet and sour green-yellow fruits are oval, sometimes teardrop-shaped.
- Noon. Medium-sized Russian variety with orange round fruits.
- Sun bunny. A large variety of domestic breeding cherry with bright yellow or light yellow slightly elongated fruits.
- Sangella. An early hybrid. Tall. The fruit has a sweet taste.
- Chocolate pearls. A hybrid variety that looks like a wild one. Fruiting until frost. The skin of the fruit is dense, brown. The fruit has a sweet taste.
- Crazy cherry. It grows even in cool conditions and bears fruit. Tall variety that does not require tying. The fruit has a sweet, rich taste.
- Rose quartz. Large pink cherry trees with an unusual aroma.
- Bourgeois prince. Italian selection. The most popular variety in Europe, intended not only for conservation, but also for drying. Tall bush variety.
- White cherry. Import selection. In appearance and taste, the fruits are similar to raisins. Bears fruit for a long time.
- Amber. An early ripening domestic variety with orange fruits. Gives a high yield in the form of juicy and sweet medium fruits.
- Orange grapes. Fruits have a sour taste and are suitable for various types of preservation. Up to 1000 ovaries can bloom on 1 brush. The variety is bushy, tall.
- Honey drop. An early maturing variety with teardrop-shaped yellow fruits that have a hint of honey in taste and aroma.
- Melon slice. Spanish variety. The fruits are sweet, yellow, round, and have a melon hue in taste. Bear fruit for a long time.
- White currant. The fruits have an extraordinary creamy color and amazing taste.
- OUTDOOR GIRL (street girl). Early variety with medium-sized red ribbed fruits. Import selection.
- SUNGOLD (sunny gold). Small orange-red fruits with a sweet taste. Import selection.
- GARDENER'S DELIGHT (gardener's delight). Spanish selection. Sweet red fruit with thin skin.
- SUMMER SWEET (sweet summer). Imported variety with high yields. The fruits are plum-shaped, dark red.
- Punto. Early variety with medium-sized red fruits, hybrid.
- Golden Rain. Tall variety with drop-shaped small yellow fruits, requiring pinching and tying.
- Swia Pia. The smallest variety in the world. Often used as a hedge. The fruits are red and sweet.
- Madeira Hybrid variety. Fruits are medium in size. The color is red. Disease resistant.
- Pink cherry. Fruits are medium in size, pink in color with a pleasant sweet and sour taste.
- Grozdevye Ildi. A hybrid of imported selection. Fruits are yellow, round, with a spicy taste. Up to 100 fruits can be set on one hand.
- Kira. Domestic hybrid. The fruits are orange and medium in size. They have the ability to long-term storage.
- Marishka. Russian hybrid. Tall, early maturing. The fruits are rounded, pink-crimson in color, medium in size. Disease resistant.
- Gold bead. Tall domestic hybrid. It has small yellow-orange fruits. The skin is firm, the flesh is sweet.
- Cherry Lycopa. Russian hybrid of medium early ripening. Fruits are small, red, sweet.
- Greenfinch. Mid-season variety of domestic selection. Hybrid. The fruits are small, round, yellow-green, dense, with a delicate taste.
- Black cherry. The plant is often confused with a tree, and the fruit is considered a fruit rather than a vegetable berry. They have a sweet taste. The fruits are dark purple.
- Yellow Mimi. Fruits are small, yellow, sweet.
- Caprice. A hybrid with medium-sized red cylindrical fruits.
- Raisins. Mid-season hybrid with small oval fruits of sweet taste.
- SWEET MILLION (sweet million). The fruits are bright red with a thin skin and a sweet taste.
- GOLDEN CHERRY (golden cherry). Foreign selection. A hybrid with golden yellow sweet fruits and thin skin. Fruit size with a tennis ball.
- A bashful blush. The fruits are elongated, have stripes of two colors. The fruits are sweet and medium in size.
- Jade Gem and Emerald Gem. Hybrid varieties with green fruits. When ripe, they acquire the taste of a marshmallow.
- Purple bumblebee. American selection. It has medium-sized fruits with a peculiar two-tone color. Sweet fruit with a firm skin.
Varieties for growing on balconies, window sills and hanging planters
- Bonsai. Ultra-early ripening miniature hybrid. Does not require molding. The fruits are sweet with a dense skin.
- Balcony miracle. Compact variety. The fruits are red, juicy, sweet.
- Pinocchio. A hybrid with medium red fruits and sweet taste.
- Golden bunch. A salad variety with medium-sized orange fruits.
- Minibel. Miniature variety with medium-sized fruits. The fruits are sweet.
- Red Riding Hood. Early ripe miniature domestic variety. Fruits are medium, red, sweet. Has a low yield.
- Rowan miracle. Mid-season variety with medium-sized fruits and sweet and sour red taste.
- Pearl. An early variety with pink fruits, with a sweet and sour taste and delicate skin.
- Totem. Dwarf imported hybrid. The fruits are small and very sweet, red in color.
- Teeny Tim. The bright red fruits have a delicate skin and a sweet taste. Possesses high productivity. Import selection.
- TUMBLER (acrobat). It has weak stems, but has a high yield. Fruits are small, sweet, and do not ripen at the same time.
- Mio. Small bushes with large red cherry fruits. They have a pronounced tomato flavor.
Any variety of cherry practically does not differ in its vitamin and mineral composition from ordinary tomatoes. However, it should be noted that almost every variety of small tomatoes has a high sugar content. At the same time, cherry remains a low-calorie product. However, these tomatoes are contraindicated for diabetics and persons suffering from peptic ulcer disease.
The high lycopene content of cherry fruits helps prevent cancer in many organs. Cherries are known to have mood-enhancing properties. These tomatoes are always a favorite food and delicacy for children.
Video about growing cherry tomatoes on the balcony: