Phalaenopsis orchid belongs to the genus of epiphytic plants. Clinging to the bark, orchids release aerial roots in which the process of photosynthesis takes place. At home, you can successfully breed phalaenopsis orchids if you know the simple rules for care.
- How to choose an orchid?
- Why don't Phalaenopsis orchids bloom?
- How to make an orchid bloom?
- Orchid care after flowering
How to choose an orchid?
Not all people who decide to start breeding orchids are studying questions regarding the choice of this plant. And this is in vain! In the case of the phalaenopsis orchid, you need to pay attention not only to its appearance of flowers (as many beginners do), but also to other nuances.
- Look at the root system, not the flowers. You should see a lot of roots through the transparent pot. Judge their health by color - it will be light green.
- Rock the potted plant gently. It should "sit" tightly in it. If this is not the case, then we can talk about rotten roots.
- Examine the leaves. Healthy leaves are spotless and fleshy. The glint of the leaves in the eyes indicates that Phalaenopsis was over-fertilized in the store.
- There should be no damage or rot at the point of growth.
As for the color, here choose an orchid to your taste. The blue orchid, which has recently filled the counters, is not artificially hatched. Its color is the result of dyes injected into the stem or roots.
If she blooms a second time, her flowers will be pure white or white with blue streaks. If the dye was injected into the roots (this can be seen by the characteristic ink shade on them), then the plant may soon die. Therefore, it will have to be looked after more carefully and then treated.
The right choice is the key to her health, long and repeated flowering. Therefore, before choosing an orchid, read some helpful tips.
Why don't Phalaenopsis orchids bloom?
If you are trying to find an answer to the question related to why phalaenopsis orchids do not bloom, then first you need to pay attention to care.
There is an opinion that the orchid is a capricious plant. The more you pamper her, the worse she will behave. Sometimes it requires rigor, and then it will pay off with abundant flowering.
The main mistake of novice orchid lovers is that they are too addicted to watering. If we return to the origins, that is, to the natural habitat of this representative of the flora, we can recall that pollinating insects do not fly during the rainy season.
That is, the orchid has no physiological need to bloom. The situation is similar with orchids growing at home. If you water it abundantly, it "thinks" that the rainy season has begun, and you can focus on the growth of leaves, not flowers.
What to do? Properly keep watering to a minimum. To understand when a flower needs moisture, just insert a wooden skewer into the pot (just don't damage the roots). Remove it after 2-3 hours: if it is saturated with water, then the orchid has enough moisture.
The reason for the lack of flowering may be the poor condition of the roots, their decay. After the purchase, the plant should stand for several days in the place intended for it in the apartment, and then it must be transplanted, having carefully studied the condition of the roots.
If there are rotten ones, then they must be cut off with a sharp disinfected knife, and the cut points should be lubricated with brilliant green. After that, place the orchid in a new pot, not forgetting to make holes on the sides so that the roots breathe.
If the phalaenopsis refuses to bloom, then you need to change not only the rules of care, but also your attitude towards it!
How to make an orchid bloom?
We figured out the main reasons for the lack of flowering of orchids. But you want it to bloom as quickly as possible. Is it possible to speed up this process? Yes, there are several options!
Shock therapy effect
If you have spoiled the plant, then it's time to put it in place in the literal sense of the word. And her new place will be the place under the sink (it's humid and dark there). There should not be chemical agents, the neighborhood with which will have a disastrous result.
Orchids will have to stay in the new climate zone for a month. You don't have to worry - nothing bad will happen to her. Just forget about it: don't water or feed.
After a month, put the flower in its original place, and then water it. By the way, you need to water it not in the usual way, but by placing the pot for 10 minutes in settled water at room temperature. During this time, the bark will absorb as much water as it needs.
After the shock experienced, the orchid will begin to release buds and flower stalks. Sometimes, instead of buds, babies appear, from which you can grow a new flower (although this will take years).
On the peduncle of each orchid there are several dormant buds. That is, they can potentially bloom, but they need to be pushed to this.
The task is that it is necessary to cut the peduncle 2-3 cm above the bud so that it does not dry out with it. If you trim closer to the outlet, more flowers will appear.
The farther from the outlet, the more chances you get a peduncle in the form of a fishing rod. And this will lead to the constant filling of the flower.
Experienced flower growers cut the peduncle over the 3rd bud. If cut right at the outlet, the orchid will bloom profusely, but later. Therefore, before picking up a knife, you need to think several times.
Now you know how to make an orchid bloom. One of these tips is sure to help you enjoy your orchid bloom!
Orchid care after flowering
After flowering, a dormant period begins, lasting 4-5 months. To wait for the appearance of new flowers, you must not forget about leaving at this time.
- Transplant the orchid. If a lot of aerial roots have formed, and the pot itself has already become filled with them, then it's time to purchase a large container. If during inspection, you find a lot of rotten roots, then cut them off and process them, and you can leave the old pot.
- If you want to change the location of the flower, then the period after flowering is the most optimal. Having put it in a new place, do not move the plant anymore, as this will cause discomfort to it.
- Watering is necessary, as before, rarely, but as needed. Excess moisture is highly undesirable for an orchid.
- It is not always recommended to fertilize an orchid during a dormant period. The orchid can direct useful substances to the growth of green mass. If you think that feeding is necessary for her, then add liquid fertilizers to the water when you water the flower in the above way.
The orchid is so arranged that after flowering, the growth of new leaves and roots is activated. When it develops a few leaves, you can stimulate further flowering.
Shock therapy may not be required, but you can take it out on the balcony at night. A small temperature drop will create the right stressful situation for the orchid.
Caring for your orchid after flowering is simple but essential!
As you can see, you can easily make friends with orchids. Then you will become the owner of an exotic flower that will feel comfortable in your home and harmoniously fit into the interior!
Video tips for caring for an orchid for abundant flowering: