The most beautiful, but at the same time capricious flower is the orchid. In stores, flowers are sprayed with special flowering stimulants. If the roots of the plant look shriveled and pale, then the flower should be transplanted.
- Features of orchid transplant during flowering
- How to feed and feed an orchid
- Basic rules for plant care
Features of orchid transplant during flowering
The orchid is distinguished by long flowering, so to transplant, you do not need to wait for the plant to fade. This will not in any way affect the quality of flowering or possible dropping of buds. It is quite possible to carry out a transplant at home, you should know some of the nuances.
In order for the soil to lag behind the walls of the pot, it is necessary to gently knock on the walls of all the dishes. If the orchid is in a clay pot, you can use a small hammer. Next, carefully remove the plant along with the substrate. If the roots have grown to the clay, then you should separate them from the pot using a wooden spatula. Gently break the pot and leave the clay particles on the roots.
To separate the old substrate from the plant, it is necessary to place the roots in water at room temperature or rinse with water. Prune decayed roots. In place of the cuts, make lotions with brilliant green.
To prepare a new substrate, you will need pieces of bark. They should be boiled for 20 minutes. Then cool, dry and grind. The substrate can be soaked for several hours in a special orchid fertilizer solution.
An orchid pot must be selected with holes and take into account the size. Pour crushed stone and prepared pieces of bark at the bottom of the pot. Sometimes leaves, washed sand, charcoal are used.
Gently place the plant in the pot, taking the thick part of the trunk. After that, add the remaining substrate to the pot until the middle. It is not necessary to tamp much, it is enough to strengthen the orchid so that it does not stagger. From above, use bark or pieces of brick as drainage.
Ultimately, the soil should be loose and crusty throughout the entire volume. You can use a wooden stick to distribute the pine bark evenly. Due to the branched part of the roots, some of its parts will be on the surface.
There is no need to water the plant after transplanting. It is enough to sprinkle the plant and put it in a lighted place. The flowering orchid will endure the transplant process, subject to all requirements, without consequences.
How to feed and feed an orchid
It is necessary to feed the plant during the period of their active growth. To do this, use special fertilizers designed specifically for orchids. If such a remedy is difficult to find, then you can get by with mineral fertilizers for indoor plants, only the dose is taken 2 times less.
Top dressing should be done once every 2-3 weeks. Transplanted, diseased or flowering plants do not require feeding. This can provoke the death of buds and loose flowers.
You can feed the plants at the same time as watering. Pour settled water into a small bucket and put a pot with an orchid. As soon as the roots have absorbed the water, add the nutrient solution according to the dosage. The residence time in the solution is about 10-20 minutes. If you fertilize the plant right away without soaking the roots, you can burn them. As a result, the roots will begin to die off.
Watering can be done on top of the substrate. To do this, use a special watering can. Some alternate watering with plain water with fertilizers. In autumn or winter, feeding should be reduced to a minimum, and repeated again in spring.
Orchids love high humidity. To achieve optimal moisture for an orchid, you must adhere to some rules. The gravel must be moistened regularly in the pallet. You can build a glass or plastic partition near the window, use air humidifiers. It is useful to place a container of water next to the orchid.
Basic rules for plant care
The orchid can be placed on the window, in the back of the room. In this case, be sure to illuminate with a white light lamp or phytolamp. In the fall, it is important to supplement the plant. The air temperature in which the orchid should be should be 20-25 degrees, in winter at least 16 degrees.
If the orchid does not have enough light, then it will not bloom. Avoid sudden changes in room temperature. You need to spray the plant regularly, while trying not to get on the flowers. Water can cause brown spots to appear, which can cause flowers to fall off quickly.
Yellowed leaves at the roots are considered normal. They are the oldest, therefore, they are the first to die off. If the upper leaves became dry and lethargic, then the substrate was heavily waterlogged or overdried. This is also influenced by factors such as hypothermia, freezing.
To remove excess salts, the soil must be rinsed once a month under running warm water. If the plant is damaged by pests, then the following drugs will help get rid of them:
- Agravertin and others.
Once a month, orchid leaves should be dust-free. Moisten a napkin in a solution of Insecticide and gently wipe the plant. If you treat the leaves with this solution, this will avoid the appearance of worms, and also protect the leaves from yellowing.
After flowering, orchids require special care. Cut off yellowed buds. Sometimes after this flowering is repeated. The most important thing is to choose the right moment to trim.
The plant also needs to rest. Therefore, watering should be reduced, and in winter the roots should be slightly dried. In order for this beautiful exotic plant to bloom, efforts must be made to create favorable conditions.
Video on how to properly transplant a blooming orchid.