Any housewarming is associated with flowers. Such as, for example, chlorophytum, with the stalks majestically hanging from the edges of the flowerpot and, proactively participating in the choice of a convenient place for itself in a new apartment.
According to legend, this flower should be the first to appear in a new home. Its powerful positive energy served as a help and a guarantee of success, peace of mind in the life of the owners. And in order for him to feel good in a new house, he needs very little warmth, care and proper care.
- Chlorophytum history
- The appearance and varieties of chlorophytum
- Chlorophytum care tips
Chlorophytum is a perennial herbaceous species of the lily family. In the wild, it is found in the subtropical regions of South Africa, America, the island of Madagascar, Australia.
Most often, it grows on the bark of trees, like an epiphytic plant, retaining the ability to live even in the driest times due to the moisture and nutrients contained in the tuberous roots.
Indoor florists consider it one of the simplest and most popular plants. It is sometimes called "green lily" or "Flying Dutchman". This houseplant has been grown in Holland for over 200 years.
The appearance and varieties of chlorophytum
Ampel plant has narrow linear leaves and peduncles up to a meter long. The color of the leaves is green, but there may be white or yellow stripes on them. Small white flowers. Usually, an arrow appears from the center of the rosette, and six white flowers appear on the flower cluster.
It is on the peduncles that new rosettes of leaves appear, creating an original decorative effect. Excess air sockets can be separated for planting in another pot.
Among the 250 plant species, the following are most commonly grown:
- Chlorophytum crested or Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques. There are several decorative varieties of chlorophytum. It is vittatum, with longitudinal stripes in the middle of the leaf. Variegatum is striped at the edges. Chlorophytum Variegatum, its leaves are decorated with longitudinal yellow stripes. This variety has the ability to form a large number of children, which weakens its growth. Therefore, it is recommended to delete some of them.
- Chlorophytum Cape or Ch. capense L. Perennial plant with thickened tuberous roots, narrow, gradually tapering leaves in the form of a light green groove. This type of chlorophytum does not form daughter rosettes on its peduncles.
- Chlorophytum winged or Ch. amaniense Engl. The varieties Green Orange, Fire Flash are distinguished by wide juicy green leaves and pink petioles. To preserve their bright shade, it is recommended to remove the emerging inflorescences, leaving one to obtain seeds.
- Chlorophytum curly Bonnie. His leaves curl around the flowerpot, and do not hang down, like in chlorophytum crested. One white strip runs along the center of the sheet. After flowering, rosettes of new plants are formed on the peduncles.
- Chlorophytum Laxum. This species is rare. It can be distinguished by a winding white strip running along the edge of the sheet. The bush is a dense rosette. The flower looks like a spikelet and does not form new children.
Chlorophytum care tips
The plant has no special requirements for its active growth. It grows well in the sun, in partial shade. You just need to remember that variegated varieties in the shade lose a large percentage of the beauty of their leaves. Even at an uncomfortable temperature, the flower does not die, but worsens its appearance. Therefore, you should not place it on northern windows and drafts.
Water the flower often and abundantly and make sure that the soil in the pot is never dry. It accepts well spraying, although it can develop in dry air. In the event of a lack of water, it begins to form many tuberous roots. In order to accumulate stocks of necessary substances. In this case, the decorativeness of the plant is reduced.
Twice a month, together with watering, fertilizing is carried out with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. The plant is transplanted once every three years in February or March. If this is not done, the large, thick roots can crack at the very bottom of the pot. For transplantation, a light, non-acidic substrate with a well-organized drainage system is used.
The recommended soil composition is a mixture of equal parts sand, leafy earth and humus. The pot doesn't have to be small. In a cramped pot, weak peduncles are formed without daughter rosettes.
Reproduction is easiest to do using small rosettes or by dividing overgrown bushes. Daughter plants can simply be sprinkled with earth next to the mother bush. After the appearance of strong leaves, the rosette is cut off and transplanted to another place.
The seed growing method is most often used for winged chlorophytum. The seeds, pre-soaked for 10 hours, are laid out on the soil surface, slightly pressing and not falling asleep. Cover with a jar and try to maintain the temperature around 21 °.
Moisten and ventilate regularly. Shoots appear in a month or more. You cannot withdraw the bank immediately. Seedlings are very weak and are gradually hardened. After the growth of three leaves, the seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place.
In order to see the problems that have arisen in time and help the plant, it is necessary to regularly inspect it. A sign of trouble may be the appearance of brown tips on the leaves. First of all, this speaks of improper watering, hypothermia of the plant, as well as forgotten timely feeding.
In winter, with active heating, spots on the leaves can appear with excess watering. If the soil dries out at the roots of the plant, the leaves may wrinkle and brown spots also appear on them. Frequent careful examination will help in time to recognize the appearance of spider mites, thrips, scale insects.
The first aid to the plant in this case is to wipe it with a soapy sponge and wash it with a warm shower. Further actions are associated with processing with special chemicals. When the scabbard appears on the surface of the stems and leaves, brown plaques appear. The plant dries up.
The fight against scale insects is carried out by spraying with actellik solution in accordance with the instructions. If this is not done on time, a sooty fungus rapidly develops in the sticky secretions formed when scabbards are affected, leading to the death of chlorophytum. A sign of the appearance of a spider mite is the lethargy of the leaves and cobwebs in the internodes.
It develops most actively in dry air.
To combat spider mites, use the same drug as for the scabbard. Thrips most often appear with excessive moisture. One of the means to combat them is naphthalene.
Several balls of it are placed next to the plants. To defeat the mealybug, which is visible by wilting and shedding of leaves, spraying with a solution of karbofos will help.
In addition to purely decorative qualities, the flower serves as an assistant in the house for air purification. This property is especially effective in crested chlorophytum. He is able to destroy a large number of pathogenic microbes.
By absorbing formaldehyde, nitric oxide, it releases a sufficient amount of oxygen. Therefore, it is recommended to be sure to place it in rooms where small children live.
Having planted chlorophytum next to other indoor flowers, they create beautiful compositions that amaze with their originality.
Chlorophytum care tips