Antirrinum or snapdragon is a perennial, semi-shrub plant, the flowers of which attract with their unusual color.
Snapdragon is an ornamental plant of the Plantain family.
You do not need to make any special efforts to plant this ornamental plant. Snapdragon on a personal plot can be grown by both an experienced and a novice florist.
- What does snapdragon look like?
- Rules for growing antirrinum
- Snapdragon care: guidelines
What does snapdragon look like?
The plant got its name from the shape of the flower, which resembles the mouth of a lion. They have an irregular shape, large in size and collected in inflorescences. Flowers, depending on the variety, are of various colors: crimson, burgundy, pink, dark burgundy, yellow, white or golden.
Blue and blue flowers are not found. The plant blooms for three months. A feature of antirrinum is that the flower blooms from bottom to top.
With the timely removal of faded inflorescences, flowering will delight until late autumn.
The stems of the plant are large and straight, the upper leaves are oval, the lower ones are opposite. Snapdragons can be highly branched or have a single stem.
The plant can reach a height of up to 100 cm. There are also medium-sized, undersized and dwarf plants. They are often planted in flower beds, in flower beds, thus creating color spots on the lawn.
Rules for growing antirrinum
Antirrinum is a light-loving and moisture-loving plant. Flower Grows well in fertile soils with a drainage layer. Snapdragon propagation can be done using seeds.
Sowing is carried out either in the open field or by seedlings. Seedling is considered the optimal breeding method, since the plant may not take root in the open field due to lack of heat in spring. You can grow seedlings yourself at home or buy ready-made ones in the store.
Before buying, you need to pay attention to the quality of the planting material: the roots should be well developed, the leaves should be green, and the stems should be healthy and not thin.
To grow seedlings at home, it is necessary to create good conditions and sow the seeds correctly. Only in this case can the desired results be achieved.
Sowing seeds for seedlings should be done in March-April. Garden soil can be used as a soil and mixed with sand.
For seedlings, you can use ordinary wooden boxes or pots. After filling the container with soil, the seeds are slightly pressed and sprinkled with earth. Next, the seedlings are moistened with a small amount of water and covered with foil.
After planting the seeds, the first shoots appear in a week and begin to grow rapidly. Airing can begin at this time. Remove the film for a while, and then cover the seedlings again.
In order for the flower to develop well, the temperature regime should be observed - 20-23 degrees. It is better to put the container with seedlings in a lighted place - a windowsill.
As soon as the first leaves of the snapdragon appear, you can plant the plants separately from each other.
This procedure should be carried out with care so as not to damage the roots of the plant. Some gardeners, when the plant reaches 10 cm in height, pinch the top. This method promotes the growth of lateral shoots and the abundant flowering of antirrinum.
In open ground, snapdragons are planted after warm weather sets in. This is approximately the second or third decade of May. The seedling holes should be about the same size as the root system of the plant.
It is recommended to plant undersized snapdragons at a distance of at least 10 cm from each other. There should be enough space for seedlings of tall varieties and the distance should not be less than 40 cm.
Snapdragon care: guidelines
The first feeding must be done after the plant takes root. Urea, superphosphate, potassium sulfate can be used as fertilizer mixtures. The frequency and timing of fertilization is once every 2 weeks until late autumn.
The soil must be loosened regularly and weeds must be avoided. If the flowers are withered, they should be carefully removed.
The plant should be watered constantly. If it is not possible to frequently water antirrinum, then the soil must be mulched with sawdust or peat. This method will help retain moisture in the soil for a long time.
From strong waterlogging, the flower can die from a black leg. It is a disease that affects stem cuttings and seedlings.
To combat the disease, a special medical preparation Hom is used. The plant is processed according to the instructions.
Snapdragon at the summer cottage will become a real decoration, add variety to the landscape and fill the air with a pleasant aroma.
Grow Snapdragon without worries