Spicy herbs can be easily grown at home, even in winter, if you know the intricacies and peculiarities of growing. A great place to grow would be the kitchen.
The air here is humid, which is great for growing herbs. Plants can be used as intended and replenish vitamins, which are so lacking in winter.
- What can be grown from spices on a windowsill
- How to properly grow spices
- Herbs care rules
What can be grown from spices on a windowsill
There is a huge selection of spices that can be consumed not only in food, but also used as a medicine. Some types of aromatic herbs can be grown in the kitchen.
Basil. Belongs to the mint family of herbs, it tastes sweet, common in Italian cuisine. Thanks to its beautiful green and purple leaves, you can create a variety of floral arrangements on the windowsill.
Thyme. This is the Bogorodskaya grass of the labiate family. It has a pleasant aroma reminiscent of cumin or anise, with a bitter taste. Can be added to tea and drinks, used in baking and in the preparation of various dishes.
Parsley. It is used as a flavoring seasoning for meat and vegetable dishes, as well as in the process of making soups.
Rosemary. Fresh sprigs of rosemary are used for marinating and frying meat dishes. Rosemary does not lose its pleasant smell even during heat treatment.
Dill. As a seasoning, both individual shoots and the whole plant are used. Has a pronounced smell and great taste. After sowing the seeds, the crop can be harvested after 3 weeks.
Mint. Peppermint is used mainly for medicinal purposes for the preparation of various teas and drinks, medicinal decoctions and infusions. Curly mint has found its way into cooking. Fresh leaves are added to soups, salads. It gives meat and seafood dishes a unique aroma and taste. Loves moisture and light, so you should carefully select a place to place it.
Sage. The plant's fresh leaves complement a variety of potato, chicken and meat dishes well.
Coriander. Known under another name - cilantro. Coriander enhances the flavor and lends a woody, sweet aroma to food. The beneficial properties of the plant enrich food with vitamins.
Mustard leaf. It can be eaten raw and after heat treatment. It does not lose its useful properties. Grown in the same way as watercress.
Watercress. Contains many useful substances for the human body. The salad is consumed raw. It does not require special care. Can be grown in soil or water, in a dark or light place.
Most herbs usually use only the aerial part of the plant, some only use flowers and seeds. Only 2-3 species (calamus, coluria, gravilat) use the root and rhizomes for food.
These herbs are widely used in various cuisines of the world. They are added to salads, soups, cold dishes. Plants also have a calming effect and are distinguished by healing properties.
How to properly grow spices
about the arrival of autumn frosts, take a few plants in the garden and plant them in pots or small wooden boxes. You should choose healthy and developed plants without any damage to the root system.
This method of cultivation is fraught with danger, since diseases and pests can be transferred along with the roots, which will spread to nearby flowering indoor plants.
When transplanting, be sure to wash the root part of the plants with special green soap (add 100 ml of soap to 5 liters of water).
The pot should be a few centimeters wider than the root ball itself. If this requirement is not met, the roots will not cope with moisture and will begin to rot.
You can also use seeds for growing, which can be purchased in specialized stores. It is best to choose early seed varieties.
Almost all herbs require a nutritious, loose soil with good drainage layer.
It is preferable to buy a soil in the store, designed specifically for vegetable crops. It is not recommended to use soil from the garden. The growing soil must be broken up with compost.
At the bottom, there must be gravel or expanded clay. You can also add dry hydrogel (1/4 substrate). After planting and watering the seeds, the hydrogel will swell. Thanks to this additive, you can reduce the number of waterings.
Dill, white mustard, lettuce should be sown on the surface of slightly damp soil. To grow onions, you need warm, settled water. Dip a small onion into a container of water and wait for the first green arrows. Water the onions as needed.
Before sowing parsley, the seeds should be left in a container with water for a day. This is done to volatilize the essential oils contained in the seeds. Parsley is a moisture-loving plant, so you need to water it every day.
If basil is sown with seeds, then the grass will germinate for a long time and slowly. It is recommended to plant seedlings.
Watercress can be grown in potting mix as well as paper towels. Sowing seeds should be done tightly to each other.
You can use aromatic herbs grown on the windowsill as follows: make a sachet, make vinegar or oil, etc. For the sachet, mix the dried various herbs and place in cotton bags.
Herbs can be easily frozen in sealed bags.
Spice-based oil or vinegar can be added to a variety of dishes. To prepare them, you need to mix fresh herbs with oil or vinegar, and then strain. Put fresh herbs on the bottom of a clean bottle and pour in cooked oil or vinegar.
Herbs care rules
Before buying, be sure to pay attention to the expiration date of the seeds.
Spicy herbs are quite light-loving plants, so you should carefully choose a place for their placement. If the stems of the plants are stretched out, then they do not have enough light. If there is a lack of light, phytolamps or fluorescent tubes should be used.
Be sure to use a drainage layer that protects the root system and ensures water drainage.
Water the herb pots no more than once a week. A certain plant requires special watering. If the leaves of the plant turn yellow, this indicates an excess of moisture.
When trying to bloom, do not be afraid to cut off the inflorescences. For the growth of the vegetative mass, fertilizing should be carried out every 2 months. It is best to use organic fertilizers that nourish the plants, provide transplant recovery and enrich the soil. It is not recommended to exceed the dosage. Fertilize according to the instructions.
Grasses should be pruned regularly to grow better. Ventilate the area where the plants are located periodically. Some types of herbs are quite sensitive to oxygen in the air.
Growing aromatic herbs can be a hobby for the culinary and indoor plant lovers. If you adhere to simple rules and make a little effort, you can get a good harvest of herbs.
Spicy herbs on the windowsill