Pumpkin is a classic vegetable in any gardener's garden. On personal plots, they grow a hard or large-fruited pumpkin.
Many gardeners start experimenting and grow different types of crops. Fig-leaved pumpkin is considered rare, but very useful.
Vegetable culture has another name - fitcephaly. It has many beneficial properties. Pumpkin is used both for cooking various dishes and for medicinal purposes.
- Fycephaly description
- Useful properties of fig-leaved pumpkin
- Features of growing seeds of phycephaly
- How to grow figleaf pumpkin seedlings
Fig-leaved and black-seeded pumpkin is a perennial plant of the Pumpkin family. The leaves of a pumpkin are similar to the leaves of a fig tree: large and petiolate, the lower ones are weak, and the upper ones are heart-shaped.
This is where the name of this agricultural crop came from. The unusual shape of pumpkin leaves, small light spots on a green background look decorative and attractive.
The stems of the plant are pentahedral and reach a length of up to 25 cm. The flowers of the phycephaly are no different from any plant of the Pumpkin family and are orange or yellow.
The figurative gourd fruit is reminiscent of watermelons in its interesting pattern. They have an oblong, often curved shape. The pumpkin pulp is white and juicy, but not sweet. There are black seeds inside the pulp.
Fig-leaved gourd is resistant to pathogenic soil fungi. Many gardeners plant on this type of pumpkin and other crops that are sensitive to root rot. Fitcephaly does not cross with other types of pumpkin.
Useful properties of fig-leaved pumpkin
Blackseed pumpkin can be used not only for preparing a variety of dishes, but also for medicinal purposes. Ripe pumpkin fruits are delicious and healthy. You can cook jam from it, stew, marinate, fry, salt, add to various salads.
In folk medicine, fig-leaved pumpkin is used to treat the pancreas, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and the cardiovascular system. Pumpkin helps with diseases of the liver and kidneys, as well as the gallbladder.
Fitsevalia improves the production of insulin, promotes the elimination of cholesterol from the body.
As a dietary food, black-seed pumpkin is introduced into the diet of patients with gastritis, ulcers, colitis. For the preparation of collections, decoctions, all parts of the culture are used: roots, stems, leaves, seeds, fruits.
Pumpkin leaves contain many useful trace elements: calcium, phosphorus, sodium, iron. A large amount of vitamin B is found in pumpkin seeds and fruits.
They are used in the treatment of arthritis, rheumatism. In addition, it helps with burns, psoriasis and other skin diseases.
The agricultural crop is also used for gout and obesity, has a good anthelmintic effect.
Features of growing seeds of phycephaly
The technology of growing fig-leaved pumpkin is almost no different from the cultivation of other types of this crop, but it has its own characteristics. Pumpkin is quite unpretentious to the soil, loves watering and bright lighting. A prerequisite is a drainage layer.
Before planting, the pumpkin planting material must be placed in water at room temperature for 3 days. Unlike other types of pumpkin crops, phycephaly is a cold-resistant plant and can withstand frosts down to -3 degrees.
Seeds germinate at a temperature of 10-12 degrees. This is the optimum temperature for planting planting material in open ground. Next, make small holes in the ground, add 3-5 kg of humus and 1.5 glasses of ash.
Then mix well with the soil and you can begin the process of sowing seeds into the hole. Put 2-3 seeds in each hole to a depth of 3-4 cm. Mulch all holes with humus, peat or sawdust.
This will prevent the formation of a crust and improve the thermal regime by a few degrees at a depth of 5-10 cm.
For good growth and development of pumpkin, the temperature should be 20-25 degrees. The first shoots appear after 2 weeks after sowing.
The site for cultivation must be chosen with a windless and large area. It is recommended to plant seeds in places where potatoes, cabbage, and onions used to be located. It is undesirable to use those areas where other types of pumpkin crops grew.
How to grow figleaf pumpkin seedlings
To get tall and early pumpkin fruits, you can plant not only seeds, but also seedlings. Sod land, peat and humus are used as the main components of the nutrient mixture. Acidic soil must be limed.
Sow seeds in pots or small containers 2-3 weeks before planting. Water the pots well beforehand. Once the seeds have sprouted, they should be placed sprouts down and covered with nutrient mixture.
As soon as the first shoots appeared, the daytime temperature should be reduced to 17 degrees, and the nighttime temperature - to 12-14 degrees. Enhanced ventilation should also be carried out.
Seedlings should be watered infrequently and in moderation. Before planting seedlings in the ground, you should feed them with manure, urea or mullein solution.
Planting seedlings in the ground must be carried out after the end of the last frost. You can also plant 2-3 weeks earlier, but in this case, the seedlings must be covered with foil. The depth should be about 12 cm. After planting, the seedlings must be watered.
If the soil is poor, then the holes should be made deeper than about 30 cm. Put the soil mixture there, after adding mineral and organic fertilizers.
It is recommended to plant seedlings at a distance of one meter from each other.
After ripening, the fruits of the pumpkin are harvested in the fall, when the leaves of the plant disappear. To speed up the filling and ripening of fruits, you should pinch all points of growth and cover with earth. You can store the fruits throughout the winter period.
If you grow your crop following these simple rules and guidelines, you can get a good harvest of pumpkin.
Fig-leaved pumpkin: cultivation, care, useful properties