A spruce can be grown even in a standard apartment, if all the requirements are met and all the features of the development of this coniferous tree are taken into account.
Seed material is cone seed that can be harvested from any park or forest with conifers. Sowing material is best harvested during the winter season.
Cones that have been harvested for sowing must be thoroughly dried until they open up on their own.
Before the storage process, all seeds should be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, this will protect the seed from harmful microorganisms.
For 30 minutes, the seeds are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate, after which they are dried and packed in a plastic bag. You can store it in the refrigerator or in cold sand.
- Planting seeds and caring for shoots
- Growing seedlings and planting spruce in the ground
- Care and watering methods
Planting seeds and caring for shoots
As soon as the first spring rays of the sun begin to appear on the street. You can begin the process of planting seeds. To do this, you can use a greenhouse or a previously prepared container.
Before the seeds are planted in the ground, they must be soaked in warm water for a day. The seeds are not buried deep, but only lightly sprinkled with loose soil, a maximum of 1 cm. From above the pot must be covered with something transparent.
The greenhouse or container, which is covered with a transparent film, must be put in a place that is protected from direct sunlight. Until the first small spruce shoots appear, the humidity level must be observed. The kidney should not be allowed to dry out.
Loosening between rows is carried out with the utmost care, since there is a high risk of damage to the root system, which has just begun to form. It is recommended to fertilize the soil.
Growing spruce seedlings
Growing spruce with seedlings is a rather high cost process, but at the same time, an adult plant can be obtained much faster and all difficulties with seeds can be avoided.
But, if the seedlings are improperly planted or the young trees are not properly cared for, the seedlings can quickly die.
Spruce seedlings begin to grow from the moment the seedlings are planted in open ground. After that, the plant must be steadily looked after, pruned and prepared for the winter period. Subject to correct pruning on the site, you can grow a real live, green hedge, which will delight the eye, both in summer and in winter.
The most favorable time for planting spruce seedlings in the ground is the beginning of May. During this period, the earth has already warmed up enough, but there is still no hot weather outside. If the weather is rather cold outside, then it is best to plant a spruce in late summer or early autumn.
Each type of spruce prefers a special place, so this fact should be taken into account when planting. Pits are created in the ground in advance, at a distance of 2-2.5 meters from each other, the maximum depth is 60 cm.
Broken brick (about 10 cm) can be placed on the bottom of the pit as drainage. After draining, two thirds of the hole should be filled with a nutrient substrate. To make it in proportions 1: 1: 2: 2, the following components are mixed:
- leaf type land
150 g of nitroammophos is added to the resulting composition, everything is mixed thoroughly and laid out in a pit. The future growth and development of the plant depends on what quality the substrate will be prepared.
Therefore, it is worth using only a high-quality additive, then you can grow a beautiful and fluffy spruce.
It is necessary to plant seedlings in such a way that the root bud is flush with the soil. In the future, you will always have to monitor this factor: you must not allow the omission of the kidney or its exposure.
After the seedling has been planted in the ground, it will be necessary to fill it with a peat layer to a height of 5-7 cm.If a seedling was purchased in a special container, then it should be planted at the same depth at which it was in the container.
Care and watering methods
The main thing with young seedlings is to ensure proper care and watering. In case of hot and dry weather, the spruce will need to be watered with 10-12 liters of water per week.
After completing each watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil or carry out the mulching process.
Additional fertilizing for the soil is not required when growing spruce, but the standard fertilization of the universal kemirs will have a beneficial effect on the development of the plant. For one spruce, it will be enough to use 100 mg.
Today, there are several main methods that are used to water spruce:
Watering with a standard watering can. It is not allowed to use a metal watering can when watering. In the metal, substances are formed that negatively affect the development of the plant.
In addition, it is not always convenient to use a watering can for irrigation, since water will constantly accumulate in the sump, and soil moisture will be uneven.
Shower. After taking a shower using a spray bottle, all droplets of water must be removed from the sinuses of the plant. When watering with a shower, the water should be at a temperature several degrees higher than usual. Watering is necessary in three approaches, each of which is 20 seconds.
Dives. This is the most common method of watering spruce sunrises. A pot with a plant is immersed in water at a temperature of 20-32 C, so that the water reaches the very top.
They are left in this state for half an hour, after which half an hour the pot of water should be on some kind of pallet in order for the excess water to glass.
If there is a suspicion of the presence of any diseases in the plant, then this method of irrigation is prohibited, since under the influence of warm water, the reproduction of harmful microorganisms occurs much faster.
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