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How to properly handle and care for the vine


With good care, the vine will yield a full harvest. The grapes require special attention especially during their development. Grape care consists in watering, feeding, pruning and processing the fruit plant.

Content:

  • Grapevine: pruning and feeding
  • How to water a vine
  • Processing and sheltering grapes

Grapevine: pruning and feeding

For good development of the vine and ripening of the fruit, pruning should be carried out regularly. It is necessary to carefully examine the entire bush for the presence of diseased and damaged areas. If any, they should be trimmed. It is advisable to perform this procedure in the fall, when the foliage has already fallen. If pruning is performed earlier than the specified period, then there will be an insufficient amount of nutrients for the plant to winter well.

After removing diseased and dead branches, they must be collected and burned to prevent the spread of pest larvae. All shoots that have reached 20 cm should be cut off. If they are extended up to 30 cm, then they should be cut off by 10%. All side shoots should also be pruned. They should have no more than two leaves.

After trimming, it is imperative to treat the cuts with garden varnish to prevent the process of decay. It is undesirable to trim the shoots in the spring, as liquid may ooze at the site of the cuts. She will leave, and with it the nutrients.

In case of emergency, pruning is carried out at the beginning of spring at a temperature of at least 5 degrees. When the berries begin to form and ripen, the bushes stepchild and pinch the old shoots. You should also remember to clean the vine of excess leaves.

The vine becomes very weakened after harvest, so it should be well fed with fertilizers. Fruiting depends on how the fertilizing is done. It is best to fertilize with organic fertilizers - manure or compost. You do not need to dig up the soil, you can do with mulching. You can add wood ash to organic matter. Grapes should be fed every 3-4 years. In the fall, they are fed with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer. Potassium and superphosphate are taken in the same amount. For severely depleted soil, it is recommended to add the following components: boric acid (2.5 g), ammonium (5 g), zinc sulfate (2 g), manganese (2.5 g).

How to water a vine

Watering the vine is a very important activity in the care of the vine, on which the quantity and quality of the crop depends. When the berries begin to ripen, the grape bush should be watered more than usual. However, you need to be careful here, as excess and lack of moisture can affect the taste and appearance of the vine.In summer, you need to water regularly. The amount of watering will depend on the timing of the ripening of the grape variety. The late grape variety is watered at least 4 times. This is due to the long growing season. The average variety needs to be watered at least three times per season: after the leaves have opened, the berries are tied and the berries begin to ripen.

Video about vine care:

The early grape varieties are recommended to be watered at least twice during the whole summer, namely: after the flowering of the vine and the emergence of berries. It is imperative to water the vine in the fall. Water the grapes correctly as follows: small grooves should be dug around the vine. This is done so that the water does not spread and is retained in the pits. After that, the bush needs to be slightly loosened. In no case should water be poured under the root of the grapes. You can also make holes near each trunk. The top layer of earth is removed around to a depth of no more than 20 cm. Then pour over the size of the dug hole. After the water is absorbed, cover with earth on top. This is done so that the earth does not dry out for a long time. Watering during flowering and harvesting is not recommended. The petals may fall off, and the berries may crack due to excess moisture.

Processing and sheltering grapes

To process the vine from possible pests should be after harvest, in the fall. This procedure is performed before covering the vine for the winter. The simplest and most affordable way to treat leaves is a soda-salt solution. Add 10 large tablespoons of salt and 5 tablespoons of baking soda to a 10 liter bucket of water. Stir everything well and process the bush with a spray bottle. If mildew spots are observed on the leaves, then remove diseased shoots and treat with fungicidal preparations:

  • Delan
  • Acrobat
  • Kartocid
  • Mikal
  • Novozir

If powdery mildew is found, it is necessary to use sulfur preparations: Falcon, Fundazol, Topaz, Amistar, etc. To free the vine from ticks, chasing is carried out along with pinching. If some of the leaves on the bushes are half twisted and look sickly, then they must be collected and burned. After that, treat with insecticides in combination with fungicidal agents.Before covering the vineyard for the winter, it is necessary to treat the vine with a 3% solution of copper sulfate. As soon as the temperature drops below -5 degrees, you can start covering the vine. There are various ways to cover the vine. The most suitable option for insulating a bush is to cover it with pine or spruce branches.

In this case, air passes well through the spruce branches, which will prevent the appearance of rotting. In regions with severe winters, the vine is tilted and covered with earth. You can cover the vineyard with various materials: paper, straw, an old blanket, slate, film. However, you should carefully consider the choice of covering material in the form of polyethylene. In winter, temperature drops are usually observed. As a result, moisture will collect inside, which can cause mold and various diseases. If the winter is warm, then fresh air should be allowed into the protective structure. Otherwise, the buds will begin to bloom. The competent implementation of the shelter will protect the vine from the winter cold. Subject to certain principles of vine care, you can achieve a high yield.


Watch the video: How to build a Grape Vine Trellis (December 2021).