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Growing garden blueberries: choosing a place, planting, care and watering


In the wild, several subspecies of the berry are common, which is commonly called blueberries, in addition, it is often confused with its closest relative, blueberries.

Let's try to figure out what belongs to garden blueberries and how to grow them on a personal plot.

Content:

  • Description of garden blueberry
  • Planting garden blueberries
  • Caring for garden blueberry bushes

Description of garden blueberry

Several types of blueberries grow in natural conditions. The most common and famous are blueberries and blueberries. Common blueberry is a deciduous, low-growing shrub, common in the northern hemisphere of the continent of Eurasia, as well as in North America, from California to Alaska. Prefers to grow in damp places. Has many Russian names:

  • gonobel
  • waterhouse
  • dove
  • fool
  • gonoboy

Highbush blueberry or corymbus was originally grown in North America, later it gave rise to cultivated garden varieties of blueberries. In Russian, the berry also received several names:

  • shield blueberry
  • scutellic berry
  • American blueberry
  • scutellum vaccinium
  • tree blueberry

Currently, tall blueberries are widely grown not only in industrial gardens in America, Australia and Europe, but are also gaining popularity in amateur gardening. The demand for garden blueberries is explained by the taste and technological properties of the berries. In the USA, more than 10,000 hectares are allocated for garden blueberries. The history of growing berries in the cultural gardening of America goes back over 100 years.

The tall blueberry is a deciduous shrub that grows to a height of 2 to 4 meters. Flowers appear at the end of May, they are collected in inflorescences, shields of 15-20 pieces. Berries are black, with a bluish bloom. Harvesting begins in mid-July.

Up to 4-5 kg ​​of berries can be harvested from one bush. A significant inconvenience is the non-simultaneous achievement of ripeness, therefore, picking berries from one bush can take three weeks.

The assortment of garden blueberries is annually replenished with new varieties and hybrids. They can be divided into high blueberries and semi-high blueberries. For amateur gardening, varieties and hybrids of semi-tall varieties of this culture are preferable. For regions with severe winters, it is optimal to grow semi-tall varieties that can withstand frosts up to -40 degrees:

  • North
  • Norcantree
  • Northblue

You can also recommend cultivating garden blueberry varieties with different ripening periods. Early maturing and varieties:

  • Weymouth
  • Erliblu
  • June
  • Bluetta
  • Mid-season varieties:
  • Bluecrop
  • Blue Ray
  • Berkeley

Late varieties:

  • Dixie
  • Covill
  • Herbet
  • Jersey
  • Elliot

To get a harvest of garden blueberries, it is required to comply with several mandatory rules and conditions when planting it.

Planting garden blueberries

Seat selection

It is necessary to place garden blueberry bushes on the site in a well-lit, sunny place, in exceptional cases light partial shade is permissible. The plant does not tolerate the close occurrence of groundwater, therefore, those places where they are located at a distance of less than a meter from the surface are not suitable for this culture. It is noticed that in well-lit places the berries have a sweeter taste than those grown in the shade.

The soil

The best soil for blueberries will be loose peaty or sandy soils with an acidic and slightly acidic reaction. Clay soil with good drainage is also suitable. Before planting, a complex mineral fertilizer is introduced into the soil and well filled with organic mixtures of predominantly vegetable origin. The site is being dug up. For spring plantings, it is better to do this in the fall.

Planting material

For planting in the garden, you can purchase ready-made seedlings from trusted manufacturers. Since blueberry roots are sensitive to drying out, you should not take a bush with an open root system. If the site already has one or two varietal bushes, then you can get additional plants for planting as follows:

  • dividing the bush
  • layering
  • rooted cuttings

Landing

Garden blueberries are best planted in spring, after the ground has thawed completely. The distance between the bushes is from 1.5 m to 2 meters. Row spacing at least 1 meter wide. Semi-tall varieties can be planted slightly thicker. The size of the planting pit is about 50 cm by 50 cm.Its bottom is covered:

  • leafy ground
  • compost
  • sawdust
  • bark mulch

Place the seedling in the hole, spread the roots and cover them with soil. Water the bush well, mulch the trunk circle with peat, bark, sawdust. It is important to plant a blueberry bush so that after watering and soil subsidence, the root collar is 5-10 cm deep in the ground. In general, blueberry bushes are quite unpretentious and durable, but they require some care.

Caring for garden blueberry bushes

Watering

Garden blueberries are very responsive to good abundant watering. In the first year after planting, the bushes must be watered quite often, preventing even the slightest drying out of the soil before the seedlings take root. In dry weather, during the first weeks, it is better to water blueberries every other day with additional spraying with cool water. In wetter weather, one watering every three days is sufficient.

For adult bushes, watering is very important in the second half of summer during the laying of flower buds on which the future harvest depends. No matter how favorably the plant reacts to abundant watering, stagnation of water is contraindicated for it. It is advisable to loosen the soil before watering, and mulch after watering.

Top dressing

If, before planting, the area where the garden blueberry was planted was fertilized and dug up, then in the first summer the seedling does not need feeding. The next year, a young bush is fertilized with a complex mineral mixture in the amount of 20 grams. You will also need 5 kg of organic fertilizer, preferably vegetable compost or peat.

For a bush 3-4 years old, the amount of mineral fertilizer increases to 100 grams, and an organic mixture will need at least 10-15 kg per bush. For an adult fruiting bush in early summer, a mixture of potash and phosphorus fertilizers is required. Take the first 90-100 grams, the second 120 grams. At the end of summer, it is better to add 80 grams of ammonium nitrate.

Organics need up to 15 kg for each plant. To reduce the alkaline reaction of the soil by one square meter. meter add 10 grams of ground sulfur. Only a well-formed bush of garden blueberries will bear fruit abundantly.

Formative pruning

In the first year after planting, the blueberry bush does not need to be cut. The next year, all broken and damaged parts of the bush and branches with signs of rot and disease are cut off. Pruning is purely sanitary. In the next two to three years, shoots are pruned, which thicken the bush and do not give a good annual growth.

From 6 to 8 strong fruiting shoots are left on the plant. Pruning is carried out in early spring, before the start of sap flow, or in late autumn, before the onset of winter. With proper care, garden blueberries can bear fruit in one place for more than 30 years.

Video on how to plant garden blueberries correctly:


Watch the video: How To Plant Container Blueberries for Small Spaces (January 2022).