Bougainvillea can rarely be found among the variety of indoor plants; caring for it requires some effort, so many people refuse to grow it in their home. But it is very beautiful, it grows to a large size, it becomes an ideal decoration in the room.
- Conditions for bougainvillea
- Watering rules and reproduction
- Planting, transplanting and pruning bougainvillea
- Diseases and pests
Conditions for bougainvillea
Bougainvillea requires some care, although it will not bring much trouble. It should be placed in areas that are well lit. The sun's rays benefit the plant, especially during the growing season. Therefore, it is recommended to transfer bougainvillea to the sun for several hours. In spring and summer, the plant should be placed in fresh air.
He is often moved to the balcony at this time. Bougainvillea will normally feel at a temperature of 22-30 degrees. When the plant is dormant, it is best to move it to a dark place with low temperatures. This plant needs abundant watering, for this, certain rules should be taken into account.
Watering rules and reproduction
Watering for bougainvillea varies with the season. In the spring and summer, you need to water the plant abundantly. Soil moisture should be reduced in autumn and winter. But bougainvillea does not like drying out either. Everything should be in moderation. When spring comes, you need to increase watering, as well as carry out top dressing. For this, mineral or organic fertilizers are ideal.
When the plant stops blooming, you need to prune, reduce soil moisture. This will have a good effect on the next flowering. Bouguevillia is demanding on air humidity. She needs constant spraying. This is especially important when the heating is turned on during the cold season. If the temperature in the room has not yet risen above 15 degrees, you should postpone the spraying. If the plant begins to shed its foliage, then there are watering problems. Constantly moist soil causes bougainvillea to begin to lose leaves.
It is better to propagate the plant from the end of spring, end with the beginning of summer. To do this, you can use one of two methods. Bougainvillea reproduces in the following ways:
- air layering
If the second method was chosen, then you will need to select a young stem. It must be bent in the soil and fixed with wire. After a while, the bougainvillea will start to take root. Then you just need to separate the new plant and plant it in a separate pot. For propagation by cuttings, the upper cutting is cut. The place where the cut was is coated with a growth stimulant.
The lower foliage is removed and the cutting is placed in sand and peat. After that, you should create conditions such as in a greenhouse. For this, the plant is covered with a plastic bottle or plastic bag. The seedling is placed in a warm, bright place. It will take about 4 weeks for the bougainvillea to take root. After that, it is transplanted into a permanent container.
Planting, transplanting and pruning bougainvillea
Slightly alkaline or drained soil is ideal for planting bougainvillea. It can grow in another land, but it will lose its beauty. It is better to go to specialty stores where you can buy suitable soil. But you can do it yourself, for this sod land is connected to peat and sand. A young plant needs an annual transplant in the spring.
An adult bouguevillea can be transplanted less often, every 3-4 years. The pots can be selected at your discretion, but it is worth remembering that in a narrow container the plant will bloom well, and in a spacious container its development is excellent.
Pruning is an important step in bougainvillea care. This plant quickly takes on an interesting shape if the excess parts are not removed. Pruning is best done in the spring and fall. In the spring, this procedure should be carried out as early as possible, and in the fall - after flowering. Those shoots on which the inflorescences were located are cut in half. This will result in a lush bloom next time.
Diseases and pests
Bougainvillea rarely suffers from pests. But it can be attacked by aphids or mealybugs. To get rid of these pests, you should use special preparations. More often bougainvillea begins to die from improper conditions or stressful experiences. For example, discarded leaves may indicate that the owner is not watering the plant properly.
This is how the flower reacts to a lack or excess of soil moisture. If watering is restored, the bougainvillea will have leaves. A transplant can affect the discarded foliage. In this situation, you should wait a while for the plant to recover. If inflorescences do not appear, then there may be problems in the temperature regime. Bouguevillia can shed foliage and not bloom due to being in a place where there are drafts.
To avoid problems, you should adhere to the following rules:
- You need to beware of hot and dry weather, chlorosis, which can attack foliage.
- After flowering, you should pinch the branches.
- It is required to cut the plant so that the leaves do not fall off, and the plant has a beautiful shape.
Bougainvillea is a beautiful plant that can be used to decorate not only rooms, but also balconies, summer cottages. If you adhere to simple rules, there will be no problems with growing.
Bougainvillea plant video: