The owners of summer cottages often decorate their territory using vertical gardening. Perfectly decorate gazebos, fences or roofs of vines that bloom beautifully. For this, Manchurian clematis is ideal.
- Description of the plant
- Planting and care rules
- Pruning shoots
- Diseases and pests
Description of the plant
Clematis Manchu is a perennial that is ideal for different climates. He easily tolerates frost, but prefers places that are well lit by the sun. It will be able to develop in partial shade, but, nevertheless, it is better to choose sunny territories. In this variety of clematis, inflorescences appear only on the shoots of the current year. For this reason, all old shoots are removed before hibernation. This is a big advantage as it will be easy for the grower to prune when compared to other clematis varieties. After all, they need to choose certain shoots that should be cut off.
The plant blooms with small white flowers. They appear especially abundantly in June and July. Such clematis grows in a bush, and during the flowering period a pleasant aroma is emitted from it, even if a person is far from the plant. This variety is unpretentious, the length of its shoots can reach up to half a meter. It is used for landscaping low-rise buildings.
Planting and care rules
Initially, the plant should be properly planted. For it, you need to prepare the ground in advance, because it will develop in one place for a long period. For planting, you will need to dig out the middle pits. To fill them up, the following soil composition is used:
- Mineral fertilizers
All these components are well mixed, then the hole is poured with the mixture. If the soil is too wet due to closely spaced soil waters, then drainage is laid out at the bottom of the dug hole. In order for the plant to develop normally, a support is built near it. Some people don't install it. In this case, the plant forms a carpet, which is covered with beautiful flowers.
When clematis is planted, you need to make sure that there are no obstacles near it. It can be a concrete partition, stones. This will interfere with the development of the plant. Such interference contributes to the fact that the soil heats up quickly, and this is bad for clematis. You can propagate a plant in the following ways:
- Divide the bush
The plant loves light. If it develops in the shade, then no flowers will appear. For this reason, experienced gardeners advise planting clematis in areas that are well lit by the sun. Light shade is allowed. If a person lives in the south, where the soil often overheats, then it is better for him to plant clematis in partial shade. The plant reacts poorly to windy weather, as the wind breaks branches, blows away inflorescences. This should also be taken into account when choosing a territory for planting. 4 times per season you need to apply mineral fertilizers to the soil. This should be done after watering. The plant loves loose soil, saturated with humus. Top dressing should be carried out from the 2nd year of life.
Video about clematis:
So that the roots of clematis do not rot, it is recommended to plant annual plants near it. Before winter begins, pruning should be done, old leaves should be removed. The plant loves moist soil, so water it abundantly. Especially do not forget about watering in the heat. But you need to make sure that the water does not stagnate. When the flower has reached 3 years of age, it needs to be watered 2 times a week. Pour up to 3 liters of water under each bush. So that moisture does not quickly disappear, the soil is mulched with sawdust, pine bark or humus. This should be done throughout the summer.
Clematis blooms especially abundantly when it has already lived for 5-6 years. Before that, few flowers appear on the plant. When clematis is 3 years old, it begins to grow strongly. Weeds should be systematically removed, weeding should be carried out, since clematis can suffer from damage to the roots. In this case, you will have to destroy the plant. After that, nothing can be planted in its place for a couple of years.
In order for the plant to develop well and bloom, you need to prune. To do this, it is recommended to cut off branches that are dry or damaged. Also, pruning is done when a young plant has just been planted. In addition to the fact that it is necessary to monitor the plant throughout the season, shoots should be cut before winter. As for Manchurian clematis, all old shoots are removed from it. After all, flowers appear only on young branches.
Diseases and pests
The plant can be attacked by pests, it can suffer from some diseases. There are often problems like this:
- Defeat with gray mold. This happens then, the soil is too waterlogged, damp. To get rid of such a problem, you need to remove the cause and treat the plant with an antiseptic.
- Powdery mildew affection. In this case, a white bloom appears on young shoots.
Climatis stops growing and blooming. You can fight this disease. To do this, damaged branches are removed, and the bush is sprayed with soda ash or other means.
The appearance of rust. Often this problem can be encountered in the spring. Brown spots with spores appear on parts of clematis. This leads to the fact that the deformation of the plant occurs, and it dries up. To combat the problem, it is necessary to use chemicals.
Clematis is capable of being attacked by pests. Gall nematode is especially worth wary of. This pest infects the rhizome. As a result, it is no longer possible to help the bush, so you have to destroy it. Therefore, you should carefully examine the root system when buying a plant.
You should also be wary of aphids, ticks or slugs. But they do not pose a particular danger to the plant, since they are easy to deal with. In order to prevent it, you need to systematically remove weeds.
If such pests appear, it is worth treating clematis with special means. Also, folk methods are used in the form of an infusion of garlic or a decoction of onion peels. Manchurian Clematis can easily tolerate frosts. But, nevertheless, many gardeners insulate the plant before winter. For this, boxes, leaves, needles are used. So, Manchurian clematis is a beautiful plant that can be used to decorate a summer cottage. In order for the bush to delight with its flowers, you should know some rules of care.