Avocado is a tree and fruit that has been familiar to mankind for many millennia. In the current millennium, avocados are known in almost all corners of the earth.
In the last decade, Mexico has been the leader in the industrial cultivation of avocados, although they are produced in sufficient quantities in Chile, Indonesia, USA. However, more and more exotic lovers in indoor floriculture are making attempts to grow avocados as a potted indoor culture. Let's try to figure out how to grow an avocado from a seed at home.
- How to properly plant an avocado seed
- Requirements for pot and soil for avocado, conditions of detention
- Growing and caring for avocados at home
How to properly plant an avocado seed
Despite the fact that the plant can be propagated vegetatively through grafting or root layers, the most affordable planting material in amateur floriculture is a fairly large bone, which is hidden under a layer of pulp. Therefore, it is better to go to the vegetable department for planting material. It is optimal to buy ripe fruits imported from Mexico, since Mexican avocados are the least demanding on growing conditions, especially on temperature.
The most finicky are avocados from the Caribbean islands, which do not tolerate low temperatures at all and grow only in warm tropical climates. It is best to buy fruits in spring, since this time of year is most favorable for germinating avocados indoors.
As soon as the avocado fruits are brought home, you need to proceed as follows:
- remove the bone from a ripe fruit
- determine it has a wider end
- make a hole in the ground
- bury the bone with its wide end downward by 2/3 of its height
- put a transparent bag on the pot
- do not remove the package until the sprout appears
Important! If after planting about 20 - 25 days have passed, and the bone began to dry out and wrinkled strongly, then most likely it died and the experiment will have to be repeated. But if the bone looks decent, and the top layer swells or it is cracked in half, then you should wait a little longer, sometimes it takes 7 to 8 weeks for germination. To speed up the process, some hobbyists practice soaking the seed in warm water with further removal of the hard shell before planting.
Video about planting an avocado at home:
There are alternative ways of germination - this is to put the bone first in wet wipes, constantly spray them, as soon as the bone begins to open, then they do the same with it as in the first case.
Pot and soil requirements for avocados
Avocados tolerate both acidic and alkaline soil well. It is advisable to fill the pot with any flower soil, neutral or slightly acidic. You can make a mixture yourself from fertile garden soil, peat and sand, taking all this in approximately the same proportions, or mix the finished soil with sand in equal proportions.
Do not repeat the mistakes of other growers and take flat pots, the avocado has a fairly powerful taproot and requires a deeper pot. For germination, it is enough if its diameter is 15 cm. We must not forget about the obligatory holes at the bottom of the container and a layer of drainage from pebbles or expanded clay.
Conditions for keeping avocados after planting
Until the sprout appears, keep the pot in a warm place, covered with a transparent bag. It is important to put it in a room with good, but not direct light, where the temperature is not lower than + 18 and not higher than + 22. If the period after planting was successful, then after a while a green seedling will appear. It remains to be seen what to do next. Let's try to understand the main stages of caring for a young avocado.
Growing and caring for avocados at home
Although the avocado grows quickly at home, it almost never blooms and does not bear fruit. In the southern regions, there is experience of growing in the open field, when in the fifth or seventh year the avocado bears fruit. After planting and germination, the plant needs watering. It must be carried out so that the earth is moist, but without stagnant water.
For irrigation, warm water is needed, which has been settled for at least a day. Sometimes you can carry out bottom watering, but after the plant has stood for some time in a pan with water, the water is drained. In addition, for avocados in the room, you need to regularly sprinkle with warm water. Several times in spring and summer, avocados need to be fed with solutions of any mineral fertilizer and a liquid organic mixture for tropical flowers.
In winter, the plant should remain under the same lighting as in summer, but the temperature can be slightly reduced to + 16 + 18, while from the beginning of spring it needs to be raised to + 20 + 22.
It is advisable to periodically humidify the air where the plant is. Avocado grows pretty quickly, but for some time only in one straight stem with leaves at the top. Branching begins when the plant reaches a height of about one meter.
During the first years of intensive growth, transplanting may be required once a year, and an adult tree can be transplanted every two to three years. In indoor conditions, the plant rarely overcomes the two-meter mark. Therefore, a young tree will fit perfectly on the window, and an adult will have to be placed on the floor.