From mid-summer to the end of September, buds on tall, beautiful plants open on the streets of many cities. Cannes are in bloom.
However, in addition to inflorescences, cannes have very beautiful foliage, besides the traditional green color, there are cannes with variegated, purple, bronze foliage. In their homeland, in South America, these herbaceous plants reach a height of up to 4 m, although there are species no higher than a meter. Rhizomes are powerful, with a high content of starchy substances, once they were eaten by the indigenous population.
The green ground parts are eaten by livestock with pleasure. Today, about 50 species of cannes have been identified that make up the genus Cannes. We will try to figure out what they are, cannes flowers, growing and using them in garden design and landscaping.
- Where to plant cannes, the requirement for soil and light
- How to plant cannes
- Basic techniques for growing cannes, preserving rhizomes in winter
Where to plant cannes, the requirement for soil and light
When choosing a place for planting cannes, you need to know that in their homeland these plants prefer to grow on fertile, humus-rich soils. Cannes often occupies wet shores by streams and rivers. In the wild, these plants occupy places that accompany human life and grow in wastelands and dumps, where there is a lot of organic residues and the soil is rich in nitrogen.
In addition, some cannabis species are very aggressive weeds and are fond of fertile agricultural plantations. It should be concluded that fertile soil, with deep processing and with good moisture, is suitable for growing cannes. If the land on the site where the cultivation of cannes is planned is poor, then it needs special preparation.
Given that the best time for planting cannes is spring, it is better to prepare a bed for it in the fall. To do this, the earth is dug up on a bayonet, and preferably on a bayonet and a half of a shovel, with the simultaneous introduction of humus. Enough 5 - 6 kg per 1 sq. m.
In addition, in the spring you can make a special "pillow" of fresh horse dung. To do this, before planting flowers, dig a groove, its depth should be 70 - 80 cm. Put the manure 20 cm thick. Cover it with a 25 - 30 cm layer of earth on top. After that, you can plant cannes. Manure will serve not only as a fertilizer, but as a kind of heating pad for cannes.
Cannes needs a place well lit by the sun. You should not choose the north side for them and an area that is open to all winds. When the place is chosen, the soil is prepared, cannes can be planted.
How to plant cannes
Cannes should not be planted in frozen soil. They need to be planted at the very end of spring, and best of all at the beginning of summer, when not only the air, but also the earth warms up. Its temperature should be at least + 10 degrees. Cannes are propagated by rhizomes, which need to be preserved in winter under certain conditions, this will be discussed below.
In the spring, rhizomes take time to wake up. To do this, in March - April they are taken out of storage and kept in a cool room for some time. Then they are freed from the ground. The old parts of the rhizomes are cut off, and too long roots are shortened to 5 - 6 cm. Further, the rhizomes are divided into processes that can be freely separated from each other.
It is important to ensure that there are several kidneys on each part, it is desirable that a couple of them are well developed and the same number is slightly worse. Usually, from one uterine rhizome, from 3 to 5 parts are obtained, suitable for planting. Places of cuts should be sprinkled with wood ash or crushed charcoal and dried for two to three days. After that, you need to place the separated rhizomes in a box of sand and moisten everything well. After 10 - 12 days, the rhizomes wake up, they have young roots, buds start to grow.
Further, the rhizomes can be kept in the same box until the leaves grow and interfere with each other. If the time for planting in open ground has not yet come, then cannes are grown in greenhouses or greenhouses.
Cannes are transplanted into open ground into prepared holes with a depth of at least 15 - 20 cm. The distance between the holes should be from 40 to 80 cm. The rhizome is placed in the hole, all the roots are covered with earth. When planting in the ground, the root collar should be buried 2 cm into the ground. The soil is slightly tamped, the plant is watered with warm water. The amount of water should be at least 5 - 10 liters per plant. In the first weeks, caring for young cannes consists in watering and loosening the earth.
Water for irrigation must be warm, + 25 + 26 degrees. Once the cannes are rooted, they can be fed with any liquid organic fertilizer or bird droppings. To do this, 1 kg of droppings are soaked in 10 liters of water for two to three days, after which they are diluted again 1 in 10 and the flowers are watered with this solution. 0.5 l is enough for one plant. In order for cannes to please with their flowers, they need to provide proper care during growth, and in order to have something to plant in spring, you will also need to properly store the rhizomes in winter.
Basic techniques for growing cannes, preserving rhizomes in winter
To ensure normal growth and flowering, cannes are fed once every two weeks. If it is not possible to breed natural droppings, then 20 g of nitroammofoska can be diluted per bush.
As soon as the buds begin to appear and open, then under each bush they bring handfuls of wood ash. During the season, you need to carry out at least two nutritious sprays. Such feeding is carried out after sunset with a solution of mineral fertilizer for flowering crops.
Cannes is very fond of moist soil, so in dry summers they need additional watering. Considering that the leaf area of the cannes is large, on hot and dry days, cannes very quickly lose moisture. They need to be watered without allowing the soil to dry out completely. As a rule, this should be done once every 2 days. After watering, the soil is mulched.
Preparing cannes for winter, storing rhizomes
At the end of September, without waiting for low temperatures, the ground parts are cut off, leaving 20 - 25 cm above the ground. The cut plants need to be spud a little. This will protect the root collar from sudden frost. In early October, the rhizomes are dug up. They do this together with a clod of earth. They are stored, sprinkled with sand, in cool basements, where the temperature is + 6 + 8 degrees. The sand is periodically moistened, and the decayed rhizomes are removed.
In addition, it must be said that in their homeland, cannes do not have a dormant period and bloom almost continuously, so their undersized varieties can be grown in containers, taking them to the garden in summer, and taking them to the room on the windowsill in winter. Cannes can be grown outdoors in groups and blend well with other plants. Cannes in containers can be used for landscaping a pond by installing them at a shallow depth.
Video on the correct storage and planting of cannes: