Siberia is perceived by most people as a harsh forest land with cold winters. Therefore, on the territory of Siberia, there are places that are quite favorable for plant growing, including for the cultivation of thermophilic crops such as tomatoes. In addition, the selection does not stand still, every year there are new best varieties of tomatoes for Siberia.
- The best early, medium, late tomatoes for Siberia
- Description of the best varieties of tomatoes for Siberia
- Late varieties of tomatoes for Siberia
- Description of the best varieties of tomatoes for Siberia
The best early, medium, late tomatoes for Siberia
Tomato varieties for growing in Siberia must be resistant to the weather conditions of a sharply continental climate. Plants must be adaptable to sudden late frosts as well as early fall temperature drops. In addition, tomato varieties must be adapted to hot summers and possible droughts. The best vulnerable varieties for Siberia include:
- Apples in the snow
- Far North
All these and other early varieties and hybrids are distinguished by the fact that they ripen quickly enough. From the moment of germination to the appearance of mature tomatoes, 90 - 100 days pass. Thus, if the seedlings are sown at the end of March, and have emerged in the first half of April, then the first mature tomatoes will appear in the second half of July. It is clear that the main purpose of early tomatoes is to eat them fresh.
The best medium varieties and hybrids of tomatoes for Siberia
Those varieties of tomatoes, the ripening of which begins after 100 - 120 days, belong to the middle varieties. For growing in Siberia, the best medium tomato varieties are:
- Miracle of the earth
- Altai orange
- Golden age
- Scarlet candles
It should be noted that it is for mid-ripening tomatoes that the main area of the plot allocated for tomatoes should be allocated. Medium varieties most often have a universal purpose, they are good fresh, and are suitable for canning and processing into juice or pasta.
Late varieties of tomatoes for Siberia
Given that the ripening of late varieties begins 4 months after the emergence of seedlings, that is, it takes at least 120 days for the late tomatoes to ripen, the short Siberian summer may not be enough to harvest such tomatoes in the open field. Nevertheless, we list some late varieties:
- Long - Keeper
- The finish
It so happens that either late varieties do not have enough time to ripen, or gardeners do not have enough time and space for them. Yet these varieties have the right to grow in every vegetable garden. Do not allocate more than 5-10% of the plot for late tomatoes. It should be said that late varieties can tolerate early frosts, but they can be removed from the bush unripe, they ripen perfectly in maturation, and they remain fresh for up to 7 weeks.
Description of the best varieties of tomatoes for Siberia
Apples in the snow
The cultivars have limited shoot growth, they rarely exceed 40 cm. The cultivar is early. Growing through seedlings is recommended. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out from mid to late March. It is optimal to plant in open ground at the beginning of June, on the 5th - 10th. Ripening begins in mid-July. The variety gives fruits quite amicably.
Video about the best varieties of tomatoes for growing in Siberia:
After the end of fruiting at the end of July, you can remove the tops from the garden. The fruits are not particularly large in size, usually by more than 60 - 70 grams, but all are aligned in shape and size. The color is bright red, there is no green spot near the stalk. The skin is thin, the taste is good. It should be noted that the variety can be sown outdoors at the end of May. Then the fruits ripen on time, like mid-season varieties.
Miracle of the earth
The middle variety of Siberian selection, which is rightfully called the Miracle of the Earth. The size of these tomatoes can easily exceed 1,000 g. The average fruit weight is 500 g. The color is pink, the shape is slightly elongated. The taste is great. The bushes are powerful, with unlimited growth, easily reaching 2 meters. The variety needs a garter and regular removal of stepchildren.
It is necessary to provide in advance for the installation of trellises to secure the shoots. Sowing for seedlings should be carried out 50 - 60 days before planting in the ground. If the tomatoes are planted in the garden on July 10 - 12, then the seedlings will be sown in early April. Features of cultivation are in the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizing during the period of growth, flowering, fruiting. It is better to grow in 1-2 trunks. A salad variety, suitable for processing into juice, tomato paste, ketchup.
Long - Keeper
The variety is late, it differs in that when ripe, only tomatoes can be removed from the lower tier of branches. The rest are removed unripe, it is best to have time to remove the tomatoes of this variety at the stage of milk ripeness. This must be done together with the stalk. Store only whole fruits without damage. For storage and ripening, clean boxes are suitable.
The bottom of the box is covered with clean paper. Each layer is also transferred with a paper sheet. The room should not only be dry, but also well ventilated. According to the declared characteristics, the fruits of the Long-Keeper variety can be stored throughout the winter. According to the reviews of gardeners, they lie without problems until the first days of December.
If the fruits have begun to rot, then it is recommended to take them out of the boxes, put them in warm, + 55 - + 60 degrees, water for one minute. Hold for no more than a minute. Wipe dry and return to the drawer, replace paper with clean paper.
Bushes 100 cm high, sometimes grow a little higher. It is necessary to tie it to posts or trellis. The average size of the fruit is 100 - 120 grams, some specimens can weigh up to 250 grams. The color is milky white. At the stage of full ripeness - orange.
Since Long-Keeper tomatoes are used for food at a time when there is no longer a tomato from open ground, they come in very handy. In conclusion, I would like to say that in order for tomatoes to meet expectations, their seeds must be purchased from trusted sellers and from producers with a good reputation.