Iberis is a plant that gets its name from the old name of the Iberian Peninsula. The genus includes about 30 species, including the umbrella Iberis, which is widespread in gardens.
- Iberis umbrella, description of the species
- Choosing a place and planting Iberis, features of care
- The use of Iberis umbrella
Iberis umbrella, description of the species
At the first glance at the plant Iberis umbrella, it is hardly possible to understand that it is the closest relative of such plants as turnip or garden cabbage. Iberis umbrella is widespread in Europe, in the south of Russia, in the Caucasus. In gardens, it is most often represented by an annual herbaceous form. The plant has a taproot. The height of the stems is from 15 to 40 cm. The stems of the plant are smooth, mostly glabrous, with pronounced branching.
The flowers are small, have 4 petals, umbrellas are collected in rather dense inflorescences. The size of one inflorescence can be up to 5 - 6 cm in diameter. In the summer, due to the many flowers that open at the same time, the impression of a continuous cloud is created, especially if the variety has snow-white flowers. The color of the petals, in addition to white, can be:
In landscape design, umbrella Iberis is used in a variety of compositions. It looks good as a curb, groundcover. Used in mixed flower gardens, in group plantings, alpine slides, rocky gardens, together with conifers and flowering shrubs. Suitable for the design of paths, natural slopes.
Combines with cineraria, alissum, herbal cloves. Currently, several cultivars of Iberis have been bred. All of them have interesting inflorescences and romantic names. Among the varieties of Iberis umbrella, the following look gorgeous:
- Pearl scattering is an unpretentious, resistant variety with white flowers that have a very pleasant smell
- Cubic zirconia - the variety has rather large, up to 6 cm in diameter, inflorescences of a delicate pink color, blooms for 8 - 9 weeks, starting in the second half of June
- Blackberry meringues - bushes 25 - 30 cm high, inflorescences up to 5 cm in diameter, all shades from white to dark, the color of blackberry jam
- Pomegranate ice - a contrasting mixture with snow-white and dark pomegranate inflorescences, has a delicate but strong aroma, like all types of ibris, an excellent honey plant
- Liliciana - bushes height 20 cm, inflorescences are delicate purple, honey aroma
If the variety is chosen, then it remains to find out how difficult it is to plant and grow Umbelliferous Iberis on the site.
Choosing a place and planting Iberis, features of care
Iberis umbrella loves open sunny places, it also grows well in partial shade. It should not be placed in full shade, it threatens with a decrease in decorativeness. The choice of soil is not at all picky. Strongly acidic heavy soils with stagnant moisture should be avoided. Loamy and sandy loamy soils with a reaction close to neutral or slightly acidic will be preferable for growing Umbelliferous Iberis.
Iberis propagated by seeds, dividing bushes
Since the plant does not tolerate transplantation very well, then in amateur floriculture the easiest way to reproduce is to plant seeds in open ground. It is important to remember that when several varieties are grown, especially hybrid forms, mutual pollination of plants occurs. As a result, the Iberis loses its varietal color. If you plant with self-collected seeds, then most often you can get bushes with white or pale purple flowers.
In order to have beautiful varietal plants, it is best to purchase seed from a commercial network. The germination capacity of the seeds of the Iberis umbrella retains up to three years.
Planting Iberis umbrella in the ground
The best time to plant outdoors is in spring. You can start sowing in the second half of April - early May. It is desirable that daytime temperatures are set at + 16 +18. Seeds are embedded in prepared soil to a depth of 5 - 7 mm. Deeper embedding is not desirable.
Taking into account the fact that the plant forms a rather lush bush, the distance between the seeds should not be less than 20 cm. After 10 - 14 days, shoots appear. At this time, the plants need watering. Such plants bloom after 35 - 40 days. To achieve an earlier flowering, Iberis can be sown before winter in September.
Features of Iberis care
Like all cabbage crops, seedlings of these flowers can be damaged by the cabbage flea. To scare it away, plants can be powdered with wood ash. Sowing at an earlier date can be a prophylaxis against a pest attack.
Also, do not allow the soil to dry out, otherwise the plant may begin to wither and dry, only timely watering returns a healthy look to the plantings. To extend the flowering period, you need to cut off old inflorescences, preventing seeds from forming. In addition to the pleasant appearance and smell, the plants have practical applications.
The use of Iberis umbrella
First of all, Umbelliferae Iberis is an excellent plant for an apiary, as it is very attractive to bees. Given the long bloom, bees can take bribes almost all summer. The plant is used in folk medicine as a medicinal plant. The terrestrial parts of the umbrella Iberis contain useful substances:
Iberis tincture helps with heart disease. Also, decoctions from it have choleretic properties, facilitate the course of gastrointestinal diseases, relieve swelling. Water infusion can be used to gargle with tonsillitis. The broth can be used for wound healing in the form of lotions. Iberis umbrella is not only good for garden decoration, but also has benefits for humans.
Video review of the Iberis flower: