If you need to decorate a corner of the room with greenery where other flowers do not take root, or they look depressing, you should plant a fatsia. Therefore, it is worthwhile to allocate a large area to it in advance.
- Fatsia, types and varieties
- Proper care for fatsia
- Watering, spraying and feeding
- What can kill a plant
- Flower application
Fatsia, types and varieties
You should not expect a vigorous flowering from a beauty. Fatsia flowers are not too decorative, they look like an umbrella, whitish in color, but not everyone will be able to see them, this shy woman blooms very rarely. To please the owner with its unfading beauty, Fatsia will become lush, bright greenery and a peculiar leaf shape. The flower has two types:
- Japanese fatsia (also called Japanese aralia)
- Fatskhera is a hybrid of common ivy and fatsia.
Fatskhera differs from Japanese fatsia in that it has a thinner stem, while the fatsia leaf can have up to 9 "fingers", and the leaves of the hybrid have no more than 5. The most familiar varieties for flower lovers:
- Moseri - notable for its diminutive shape.
- Spider's Web is a very famous variety, with white splash-like specks on the foliage.
- Variegata - the leaves of this flower are green, framed with white or cream tones.
- Annelise - has leaves of a yellow - golden hue.
- Murakumo Nishiki - This variety has interesting light yellow leaves.
- Tsumugi Shibori - has specks all over the leaf. It resembles the Spider's Web variety, but the craspins are noticeably larger and they are larger.
Proper care for fatsia
This flower is quite undemanding, so no special care is required. And yet, you need to follow a few simple rules.
Fatsia of different varieties has different lighting requirements. For example, plants with white specks or light edging require very bright light. They need to be placed where the light is most. However, it should be remembered that the leaves can burn in extreme heat, therefore, in the hottest hours, you need to shade the plant.
Cultivars that have leaves with a simple green color thrive in partial shade. They can even withstand full shade, and be content with only lamp lighting. Fatsia is very good on the site, that is, in the warm season it can be taken outside.
The temperature regime of fatsia of various varieties, too, does not apply in the same way. More delicate plants with variegated leaves can tolerate a coolness of at least 16 degrees, and green varieties will also tolerate 14 degrees. Of course, this is true if the flower is taken out into the fresh air. At home, the plant does not feel discomfort.
Watering, spraying and feeding
Watering is very important for this plant because it does not tolerate stagnant moisture and excessive watering. The roots will start to rot. But fatsia will immediately react to drought with lethargy, and the leaves will drop. Therefore, it must be watered regularly, with settled water.
Especially carefully you need to look at the moisture content of the soil in summer, you must not allow the top layer of the earth to dry out. In winter, you should focus on the home temperature. If the room is cool, watering is often prohibited. In addition to watering, fatsia should be sprayed.
In the summer, this should be done regularly, and in the winter season, spraying should be reduced, although you should not give up spraying in winter, the dry air from the batteries will not have a beneficial effect on the plant.
The plant, with good care, has a very rich crown, for this it must be fed, because the minerals that are contained in the soil of the pot are completely lacking. In winter, you should not feed the green beauty, since it is at rest, you need to start adding fertilizers in the spring.
In nature, fatsia grows in places rich in humus. At home, the soil is bought in flower shops. You should only choose a soil for fatsia, it is commercially available. You can also independently compose a soil mixture from one part of leaf humus, one part of sand and two parts of sod land. Suitable for fatsia and hydroponics.
Cuttings are carried out in the spring. Cut the cuttings with 2-4 buds, place them in a moist substrate and cover with a jar on top to set the wet mode. The substrate should be composed of sand and peat. At 23-26 degrees, the cuttings quickly give rise to roots, after which they are planted in pots.
Video about the correct Fatsia transplant:
The flower also propagates well by seeds, only it should be borne in mind that the seeds must be fresh. For seeds, a substrate should be made from 1 part of sand, 1 part of leafy soil, 1 part of turf soil. The temperature for seed germination should be at least +18 degrees. When the seedlings sprout and get stronger, you can transplant them into small pots. The soil in these pots should be the same as for an adult fatsia.
Often, the flower is propagated using an air layer. It is not difficult to do this, you need to make a neat, small incision on the trunk in the spring, attach moss to it (it is better if the moss is soaked with phytohormone - 1 g of substance 1 liter of water), and wrap a film on top. You need to watch that the moss does not dry out. After a while, the plant will give roots at this place.
The top, together with the roots, is cut off below the level of the roots and planted in a separate pot, and the remaining stem will again give young shoots.
What can kill a plant
- dry soil in pots is dangerous in that the leaves will droop, become covered with brown spots, and subsequently, the plant may die;
- dry air makes the leaves brittle and wrinkled;
- an excess of moisture leads to the fact that the leaves become lethargic and soft, the roots rot, the flower dies;
- pests (scale insect, spider mite, whitefly, mealybug) can spoil not only the appearance of the flower, but also lead to its complete death;
- diseases (gray rot, burns, etc.) can lead to a weakening of the flower, and if treatment is not carried out, then to its death;
Fatsia is a flower that will not be capricious and demand the impossible, for which it is especially appreciated. However, it should be borne in mind that its leaves are too poisonous, they have a destructive effect on the nervous system. Because of this, the flower has no use in cooking and medicine.
And yet, if you follow the usual precautions, a lush flower will be able to beautifully decorate shady places on the site in summer, decorate what needs to be hidden, its dense foliage will become a highlight for any territory where it will be planted.
Fatsia is also irreplaceable in apartments - not every plant will withstand the minimum light at which the fatsia will retain lush greenery. As soon as she provides minimal care, a modest beauty will transform any room.