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DIY compost heap: forming organic fertilizer


To improve the quality of the soil, gardeners and gardeners annually apply organic and mineral fertilizers, as well as fallen leaves, food waste, etc. Compost is a very valuable source of fertilizer for vegetables and plants. For a compost heap to become a valuable material, you need to know how to properly form and apply it.

Content:

  • Compost pile: what it is
  • How to form a compost pile
  • Compost heap formation rules
  • How to care for a pile of compost

Compost pile: what it is

Compost is usually understood as organic fertilizer, which is obtained by decomposition of organic residues due to various microorganisms. A compost heap, if properly formed, in 1-2 years will become an excellent means for fertilizing the soil - humus. It is usually used to feed plants and vegetables.

This organic fertilizer will help restore the soil, improve its structure, and increase fertility. When the compost heap is introduced into the soil, moisture is retained at the root system.

Humus is a kind of organic mulch. In addition, earthworms reproduce well in it, which are also needed in the garden. Making a compost heap on your own will not only save on the purchase of fertilizers, but will also allow you to create a safe and ecological feeding for plants and vegetables.

How to form a compost pile

To form a compost heap, be aware that not all ingredients can be thrown away. You can put in the compost heap:

  • Plant residues (cut grass, tops, weeds, leaves, etc.)
  • Waste from the kitchen table of organic origin (egg shells, tea leaves, cleaning vegetables, etc.)
  • Used cattle bed
  • Paper
  • Bird droppings
  • Peat

The best time to compost is spring, summer, or fall. It is these periods that are rich in plant residues. Leaves, tops and other components must first be crushed. Otherwise, they will stick together and there will be a lump. In this form, the material is difficult to decompose.

During decay, heat is generated and a rapid warming up of the heap is observed. Further, the structure of the material changes, which is enriched with useful substances. Bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms speed up the processing of the compost and help it mature quickly.

The compost heap should not include:

  • Inorganic debris
  • Synthetic fabrics
  • Weed rhizomes
  • Infected Plants
  • Citrus peel
  • Potato tops and tomato
  • Cabbage
  • Meat waste

When rotting, an unpleasant fetid odor will be released, which is a good bait for rats. It is undesirable to throw components that cannot be decomposed into the compost bin.

Compost heap formation rules

In the process of forming an organic fertilizer, several important rules should be remembered. Waste should be crushed, then they will quickly rot. It is necessary to observe the ratio of green mass, rich in nitrogen and poor in fiber.

The optimal proportion is 1: 5, which significantly speeds up the maturation of the compost. Even experienced gardeners and gardeners find it difficult to determine the amount of components by eye. The smell will serve as a guideline: if it is unpleasant, then there is not enough poor fiber, and if there are no visible fumes in the heap, then a green mass is added. The balance will be indicated by an earthy smell, moisture and evaporation from the compost.

The main stages of formation:

  1. Execution of the fence. Store composting materials in a designated area. The best option is a wooden frame, about 1.5x1 m in size.
  2. Organic styling. On the bottom of the frame, deepened into the ground, it is necessary to lay out the film. You can use peat in a layer of about 10 cm. This way all the nutrients and moisture are retained. If the compost is not taken into account and placed on bare ground, excess moisture will begin to accumulate, which will impair the composting process.
  3. Collection of material for composting. The composting pile should be laid out in layers, alternating between green and brown filling, as well as coarse and coarse components. It is recommended to sprinkle the layer with earth or manure.
  4. Heap shelter. At the final stage, cover the pile with a layer of earth about 5 cm, and then with straw or foil, having previously made holes in it for ventilation.

The readiness of the compost can be judged visually and by smell. The organic material should be crumbly, dark brown in color with an earthy odor. Typically organic residues will last for 1-1.5 years. Experienced gardeners use various activators to speed up the composting process and humus can be obtained in 2-3 months.

How to care for a pile of compost

To form a full-fledged and high-quality organic fertilizer, you should not forget to take care of it. To enrich with oxygen and make the pile loose, it is necessary to stir it up periodically. Mix organic residues well. In addition, care must be taken to ensure that the compost heap does not dry out.

Therefore, it must be regularly moisturized. It is advisable to water from a watering can, and not from a hose, as you can overflow. It is recommended to cover the pile with plastic during the heavy rainy season. Only the correct organization of composting and proper care will make it possible to obtain high-quality compost for plant fertilization.

Video on the correct composting heap:


Watch the video: How to Grow Food WITHOUT Compost. Zero-Cost Solutions for Short-Term Vegetable Gardening Success (January 2022).