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What can be grown at home: greens and vegetables on the windowsill


In winter, our body always suffers from a lack of vitamins. It is not necessary to have a greenhouse to grow vegetables, you can create the necessary conditions at home. The garden on the windowsill will delight you all year round.

Content:

  • Greenery on the windowsill
  • Cucumbers and tomatoes: growing at home
  • Necessary conditions for plants
  • Growing and care advice
  • Kitchen garden on the windowsill: saving space

Greenery on the windowsill

Spicy herbs, greens do not need special care, so they are easy to grow at home. The most popular types are:

  • Dill
  • Parsley
  • Basil
  • Mint
  • Green onions
  • Sorrel
  • Spinach
  • Rosemary
  • Melissa
  • Thyme

The listed plants are quite unpretentious in care and cultivation, so even a novice gardener can handle it at home. These herbs are added to make various dishes or aromatic teas. In addition, you can collect fresh herbs from the windowsill and eat in winter, saturating the body with useful vitamins.

Any greens can be grown at home, but they will not reach the same size as when grown in a vegetable garden. Typically, the germination period of seeds until the first harvest is 5 to 7 weeks with proper and proper care.

Vegetables: growing at home

You can grow various vegetables on the balcony or on the windowsill, the main thing is to choose the right seeds and follow the care. The most common vegetable crops grown at home, which will be discussed further, are tomatoes, carrots, peppers, cucumbers and others.

  1. Pepper. It is recommended to grow low-growing varieties of no more than 50 cm on the windowsill. It is better to choose from varieties: Swallow, Firstborn of Siberia, Aquarelle, Dwarf, Gift of Moldova, Island of Treasures, etc. From the spicy varieties, you can choose Flame, Elephant trunk, etc.
  2. Carrot. Carrots can be eaten only when they are born. Popular varieties for planting on the windowsill: Granddaughter, Parmex, Round baby, etc.
  3. Cucumbers. They can also be easily grown at home. Self-pollinated hybrids are recommended. It is good if they are shade-tolerant and early maturing. The following hybrid varieties can be planted at home: Masha F1, Seryozha F1, Marinda F1, Connie F1, Claudia F1, etc.
  4. Tomatoes. Only dwarf plants should be chosen. Tall varieties are a lot of hassle. For growing at home, you can use varieties such as: Alaska, Japanese indoor, Balcony miracle, Canadian News, Pinocchio, Zelenushka F1, etc.

You can grow such vegetables without much effort, the main thing is to follow all the recommendations for the care and planting of plants. It is very difficult to grow exotic plants at home: lemon, pineapple, kiwi, tangerines. Before creating a garden on the balcony, you need to limit yourself to some types. Gradually, gaining experience, it will be possible to grow other crops.

Necessary conditions for plants

Dill and parsley need fresh air, light and water. It is best to place them on a loggia or balcony. When growing basil, you need to remember that it is sensitive to temperature extremes, so it is better to place it on a windowsill.

For greenery, it is better to use plastic containers or clay pots. It must be remembered that many plants do not get along together and therefore need separate containers. You can plant parsley, celery and dill in one box. For oregano, thyme, and marjoram, it's best to take another box.

Cucumbers and tomatoes need good lighting and high humidity. Seedlings will need to be illuminated for 12 hours with special lamps. Lighting is especially necessary in winter. It is important to avoid drafts. Planting should be placed on the east or south side of the house.

All plants are thermophilic, so the temperature should be kept at 22-24 degrees. You need to prepare a container for vegetable crops in advance. It must be deep enough and always with drainage holes for the plants to develop well.

For growing greens and vegetables, you can buy soil mixture or prepare it yourself. For this, the proportions should be strictly observed: earth - 80%, humus and sand 10% each. The land needs to be disinfected to get rid of possible pests. For this purpose, spill the soil mixture with boiling water. You can also use another mixture: vermicompost and coconut fiber in a 1: 2 ratio.

Planting seeds can be done in the fall or mid-winter. The seeds should be prepared in advance. They are soaked for several days, changing the water every 12 hours. Immediately before sowing, it is advisable to put the seed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Greens can be grown from root vegetables. To do this, choose thick roots, about 5 cm long. An apical bud must be present on them. Vegetable crops can be grown as seedlings or sown in a prepared container. The optimal size of the dishes should be 3.5-4 liters.

Video on how to grow greens on windowsill all year round:

To pollinate cucumbers and tomatoes, you can lightly tap the peduncles several times. When growing peppers, it is not recommended to put pots with a bitter and sweet variety next to it. Possibly cross-pollination and sweet varieties will have a bitter taste.

Growing and care advice

After planting the seeds, it is necessary to regularly monitor the soil moisture and loosen the soil around the seedlings. With the appearance of a pair of leaves, you can pick individual crops in different containers. Water for irrigation should be kept at a room temperature of 20-25 degrees. Watering is recommended 2 times a week. It is important not to flood the soil and avoid getting water on the leaves.

In winter, plants do not need watering as much as in summer, because the sun's rays are not enough and there is little heat. Plants need to be fed regularly, especially during the period of fruit ripening. In a specialty store, you can buy all-purpose fertilizers or growth concentrates. They are brought in according to the instructions.

The number of dressings should not exceed 2 times a month. Fertilizers for vegetables and herbs are different and you can not use a dressing for dill or parsley if it is intended for cucumbers. Plants are recommended to be periodically rotated 180 degrees so that all leaves receive enough light.

Many green crops require increased moisture. Around the plantings, you can put containers with water or spread wet towels on the radiators. On cloudy and winter days, when there is not enough light, the plants should be supplemented with artificial light. The duration of daylight hours should be 13-15 hours a day.

Fluorescent fluorescent lamps must be purchased. You will need 200-300 watts per square meter. Such lamps do not heat, but give illumination similar to the sun. By following these simple guidelines, you can achieve a good harvest all year round.

Kitchen garden on the windowsill: saving space

If space is limited and you can't fit all the plants, then there are a few little tricks. Pots and plastic containers can be positioned using vertical furniture brackets. As a result, the garden will have several levels.

Place greens and vegetables so that tall plants do not shade low ones. Certain types of greenery can be planted in hanging planters. This will give the interior an original look and become its decoration. In addition, you can match the design of the pots to the overall interior of the room. Thus, you can significantly save space and space on the balcony or windowsill.


Watch the video: The 3 Herbs Every Man Should Grow on His Windowsill (January 2022).