One of the most beautiful and common indoor plants that effectively decorates not only apartments, but also offices is dracaena. How can you avoid this problem?
- Main reasons
- Plant treatments
- How to prevent drying out
Dracaena leaves dry out and fall off for various reasons. The most common reason is insufficient room humidity. In winter, the air in the room becomes dry, so the plant lacks air. As a result, the leaves begin to dry and the tips turn yellow.
After a certain period of time, the dracaena begins to shed its lower leaves. In this case, you should not worry. The plant is characterized by constant development and the lifespan of the leaves is not long - they are renewed. This is a natural process, so it is necessary to periodically trim the dying leaves.
When the leaves of the upper tier dry up and turn yellow, the problem lies in the violation of the irrigation regime. The plant is watered too often or irregularly.
If the tips of the dracaena dry out and yellow spots appear, then this is a clear sign of a fungal disease. In addition, pests can attack the plant. Most often, dracaena suffers from the scale insect. Green leaves first turn yellow and then begin to dry out. If the tips darken on young leaves and begin to dry, then it indicates the unsuitability of the soil.
There are no nutrients in the soil or the soil is oversaturated with fertilizers. Dracaena leaves begin to dry out in excessively bright light, draft and cold. The green mass stops growing, turns yellow and dries up. If you do not take measures to eliminate the drying out of the leaves at the initial stage, the plant may die.
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to establish the cause of the drying of the dracaena. Only after that, carry out activities aimed at the rehabilitation of the indoor plant.
If the air in the room is dry, then spraying should be carried out regularly. It is recommended to add the Epin biostimulator to the water. This remedy effectively restores the plant's immunity. If the reason for the drying out of the plant is improper watering, then it is necessary to adjust it.
Watering is recommended every 2-3 days in the summer. In winter and autumn, watering is reduced to once every 2 weeks. After watering, the soil should be slightly damp. Lack of moisture is the most common cause of dracaena leaves drying out. It is necessary not to let the soil dry out more than 3 cm deep.
During watering, be sure to irrigate the leaves with water at room temperature. The average lifespan of dracaena leaves is 2 years. After this period, the leaves begin to die off. This is considered a normal physiological process. To give the plant a presentable look, it is necessary to cut off the lower leaves at the base.
If the tips of the leaves begin to dry out due to improper care, then they need to be cut off. This procedure should be carried out along the edge itself, leaving only 1 mm. It is recommended to place the container with the plant in a lighted place. Dracaena needs to be fed with nitrogenous fertilizers. The optimal time is spring and early summer. Potassium phosphorus fertilizer is used in the fall.
If the scabbard is the cause of the drying of the dracaena, then a solution based on soap, alcohol and water can be used to combat it. With the prepared solution, it is necessary to carefully wipe each leaf of dracaena and process the top of the crown. In the store you can buy an insecticide that destroys all pests.
How to prevent drying out
In order for the plant to grow and develop well, it is necessary to pay sufficient attention to its care. It is important to adjust the watering and temperature conditions. Dracaena grows normally indoors without temperature changes. The average temperature should be around 18-25 degrees. With sudden changes in temperature and drafts, the leaves of the dracaena suffer. Their edges first freeze and then dry out.
The pot with dracaena should not be placed near air conditioners or on a windowsill with an open window during the cold season. The optimum humidity for a houseplant is 60-70%. To create the necessary humidity, you must spray the houseplant with a spray bottle or use humidifiers.
Dust very often settles on the leaves, which prevents the plant from "breathing". It is recommended to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth several times a month. In the summer, the plant should be placed in a lighted place, but without direct sunlight. In the bright sun, the leaves get burned, and then begin to dry.
Dracaena should be regularly fed with liquid fertilizers containing nitrogen. It can be added to water for irrigation. During intensive growth, the plant will receive all the necessary nutrients. If dracaena grows slowly, then it lacks nutrients, moisture and heat.
Against this background, the ejection of new leaves is very slow. To avoid this, the plant should be transplanted into new soil. Young plants need to be replanted once a year, and plants older than 3 years old - once every 2-3 years. If you follow these recommendations, you can prevent the appearance of problems during the care of dracaena.
Video about the reasons for the drying of dracaena leaves: