Small-leaved carmona is an evergreen plant that can be grown not only at home, but also in public buildings. This plant is characterized by a rather attractive appearance, which makes it possible to decorate the design of any room with its help.
- Description of the plant
- Plant care
- Diseases and pests
Description of the plant
Carmona is an evergreen that is often referred to as erythea. The tea tree can grow up to 10 meters in height. The tree has a graceful light brown trunk. It has a rough cracked light beige bark. The plant has a whitish wood, which is characterized by a high level of hardness. Small-leaved carmona has a large number of twigs, which are short and rather thin.
On the branches there are oval, serrated green leaves along the edge. On the underside, they are lighter in color. Carmona is characterized by flowering and fruiting.
The flowers are small and white and have a purple hue. The flowering of the plant is observed in the spring and summer. The tree is characterized by the presence of spherical green fruits. In accordance with the ripening period, they acquire an initially orange, and then purple color. Carmona has a very beautiful appearance, therefore it is widely used for growing in houses, apartments, offices, government organizations.
Caring for small-leaved carmona is quite simple and therefore can be carried out by any interested florist. The tree needs to provide such conditions as:
It is necessary to place karmon in rooms with sufficient sunlight. In the summer, you can take the tree outside in partial shade. The culture is thermophilic, so it needs to provide a temperature of more than 17 degrees. Carmona does not tolerate drafts. Despite this, the tree needs to provide good air circulation.
The karmona should be planted in deep containers made of ceramics. Yellow leaves may periodically appear on the tree, which must be removed regularly. If shoots grow from the trunk or roots of the karmon, then they must be removed. It is recommended to clean the barrel with a brush at regular intervals.
After 6 to 7 leaves appear on young shoots, they must be shortened so that at least 3 leaves remain on each shoot. This procedure is carried out constantly during the growing season. The branches from the karmona can be cut in February. At this time, only damaged and dried leaves are cut off.
Spraying the foliage of the plant is required throughout the year. This procedure must be carried out without fail in excessively dry air. Carmona needs abundant watering throughout the year. The procedure is carried out with a slight drying out of the earthen coma. After the karmona has been transplanted or pruned, the watering rate must be reduced.
To form the crown of a tree, you can use pruning or tie up not yet lignified shoots with a wire. Reproduction of small-leaved carmona is carried out by cuttings. Providing full tree care, you can ensure the formation of a beautiful crown and abundant flowering.
Diseases and pests
With improper care of the plant, pests can attack it - aphids, scale insects, snails, mealybugs. When pests appear on the leaf blades, holes will be observed. To combat them, it is necessary to reduce watering. The found parasites must be collected and destroyed. On the surface of the earthen coma, it is necessary to decompose insecticides in the form of granules.
Small-leaved carmona on video:
Of the diseases on the carmon, chlorosis is quite often observed, which leads to a gradual yellowing of the leaves. Young foliage is characterized by rather small sizes. Also, when this disease appears, discoloration of the leaves is observed. To combat the disease, it is recommended to introduce zinc, magnesium, nitrogen, iron into the soil.
During this period, the plant is protected from the negative effects of drafts. The tree must be sprayed regularly. It is strictly forbidden that toxic gases affect carmona during illness. It is best to place the plant in a sunny location. With yellowing and falling foliage, one can judge about waterlogging of the soil. In this case, you just need to reduce the frequency of watering.
Small-leaved carmona is a tree-like houseplant that has an attractive appearance. In order for the culture to grow normally and have a violent flowering, it needs to provide optimal conditions. Care consists of watering, pruning and spraying.
This procedure can be performed by any florist, regardless of his experience. Key words: small-leaved carmona, caring for small-leaved carmona, planting carmona.