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How to best store tomatoes at home: tips and tricks


Tomatoes are firmly rooted on our table: they are used in soups, side dishes, salads and, of course, in canning. Many varieties have been developed, each of which serves a specific purpose, be it ultra-ripe fruits or fruits with a thick skin for rolling.

Content:

  • Soil, varieties, planting
  • Seedling and fertilization
  • Some features of growing tomatoes

Soil, varieties, planting

It is no secret that for each type of cultivation - outdoors or in a greenhouse - there are different varieties. And no matter how promising the inscriptions on the packaging are, it is worth remembering: Varieties for open ground in a greenhouse will not give a good harvest, and greenhouse varieties in open beds will hurt. Features of varieties grown outdoors:

  • Resistant to cold and sudden temperature changes
  • Short ripening period (most often early maturing)
  • Small-fruited low plants
  • Features of greenhouse varieties:
  • Large fruits
  • Late ripening
  • Are afraid of temperature changes

The seeds are the decisive factor. Experienced gardeners have empirically determined which varieties give the best yield on their soil, and since last year they have cut cuttings or prepared seeds from the most productive and strong bushes. But if you first decided to plant tomatoes, then you should pay attention to the following factors.

Never buy seeds of little-known producers in unknown places! There are often cases when, as a result of neglect of this point and the hope of "maybe", not a single seed sprout from the bag sometimes bought for good money, and this is lost money and, most importantly, lost planting time

Do not buy seedlings in the markets and babaschies! No one knows what kind of pests can lurk on such healthy-looking plants. When choosing, keep in mind that easy-to-care, early ripening varieties bear fruits of the worst taste and small size. The best option is varieties such as Blagovest, Yasny, Severnaya Krasavitsa.

Seedling and fertilization

In the southern regions, you can skip the seedling stage. If your dacha is not one of them, read this paragraph very carefully. It is better to prepare the land in advance: light, fertile. Can be diluted with humus by adding ash there. A good option is to take soil from your own beds.

ATTENTION! Tomatoes and potatoes have common pests, so you cannot take soil for seedlings that was already under these plants last year. Seedlings must be hardened: from about mid-March, plants can be taken out, for example, on a glassed-in balcony. Tomatoes can be planted in the greenhouse in mid-April.

And then in June, when it gets warm and you can plant plants in open ground, the fruits ripen in the greenhouse for a long time! In addition, at too high temperatures (+30 and above), important processes are disrupted in tomatoes: flowers can fall off and become sterile pollen. And for the ripening of fruits, high temperature is an excellent factor. Requirements for tomato beds in the open field:

  • Sunny place
  • Wind protection
  • Fertile, not heavy soil that has not previously grown peppers, eggplants or potatoes
  • Neutral acidity, the soil needs to be fertilized since autumn, for example, with manure
  • Potassium chloride or superphosphate can also be used for fertilization.

Video on how to keep tomatoes fresh:

When planting seedlings, the depth of the holes should be approximately equal to the height of the pots in which the plants were before.

Some features of growing tomatoes

You can't wait to water
There is an opinion that tomatoes need to be watered no more than once a week, and the seedlings after planting should be kept for two weeks without a drop of moisture - nothing, let them temper! How many healthy bushes have been ruined because of this. It is necessary to water not according to the schedule, but according to common sense, that is, when the soil dries up! In different weather, different soil dries up at different rates.

On average, it turns out that the most frequent watering is in July, and in the spring and at the beginning and at the end of summer watering is less frequent.

Watered, closed, free
It is necessary to water greenhouse tomatoes no later than two to three hours before the greenhouse closes, otherwise rotting and the spread of diseases may begin. In addition, it is advisable to water the tomatoes with lukewarm water.

Sits deep
Is it possible to plant a tomato stem in a greenhouse so that additional roots are formed on it? Yes, you can. In addition, with this planting, we save valuable space in the greenhouse.

Collection and storage

Unlike the greenhouse method, fruits intended for long-term storage from open ground must be harvested in late July - early August and continued until early September. Slightly unripe brown or yellowish tomatoes are suitable, green ones can also be picked, but the taste will be slightly worse.

Store the harvested crop in a dark, cool room, but the temperature must be at least 10 degrees, otherwise decay processes may begin. Before eating, you can take the tomatoes into a bright, warm room - there they ripen quickly.


Watch the video: Planting Early Potatoes Garden Chronicles 2 (January 2022).