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Candy apple tree - description, planting and care rules, variety features


Few people will refuse a juicy, sweet and aromatic apple. The candy apple variety is a prime example of such a fruit. The Ranet candy variety is very popular among gardeners and summer residents due to its ease of care, early maturity and magnificent juicy fruits.

The most common in Belarus, Ukraine and central Russia.

Content:

  1. Candy apple tree, description
  2. Landing features
  3. Care
  4. Pests and diseases
  5. Harvesting and storage
  6. Pros and cons of the variety
  7. How to Use Candy Apples in Cooking

Candy apple tree - variety description

Successful selection of varieties Korobovka and Pappirovka, carried out by the breeder S. I. Isaev at the V.I. I.V. Michurina, laid the foundation for the great love of gardeners for this variety. In the description of the candy apple tree, it is indicated that the crop has an early ripening period. It falls on the end of July, beginning of August, depending on the area of ‚Äč‚Äčcultivation. Young apple trees begin to bear fruit as early as the fourth year after planting.

The fruits are small, the approximate weight of each is 100 grams. The skin has a blush, pale yellow, pale peach color. And the pulp gave the name to the variety itself - it is light, very juicy, sweet with a honey aftertaste.

Fruits are most often eaten fresh, especially children like them. The crown is dense, growing in the form of a sphere, but the shape of the rootstock strongly influences the shape. The branches are powerful, do not fall under the weight of the fruit, are very leafy.

The leaves themselves are large, dark green and strong. The trees are frost resistant. Even after severe frosts, flowers appear perfectly in the spring, and in the summer the trees yield.

The yield is stable every year, in young apple trees it is about 50 kg, in older trees it reaches 100 kg.

Landing features

For this variety, planting is permissible both in autumn and spring. Spring planting is more favorable because the tree will not be threatened by sudden autumn frosts, over the summer it will have time to grow up and get stronger.

And autumn seedlings will have to be very carefully sheltered from the cold. It should be borne in mind that the tree grows quickly and it does not like the neighborhood with other plants, therefore, holes for the seedling are made at a considerable distance from each other, at least 1.5 - 2 meters. The soil in the pits is prepared in advance by adding organic and inorganic fertilizers, the depth is from 70 cm, the diameter is up to a meter, depending on the type of soil.

The day before planting, it is advisable to soak the seedling in water, cut off all broken roots. The soil should be loose, with drainage to prevent stagnation of water at the root system.

The place for landing should be chosen illuminated, away from closely located groundwater. Having planted a seedling in a hole, all the roots should be evenly distributed, gradually falling asleep from the ground.

If the seedling is weak, it must be tied to a support in the form of planed pegs. Abundant watering is required after planting.

Care

Agrotechnical care for an apple tree comes down to the following rules:

  • Watering should be frequent, especially in the summer, but the soil should not be poured;
  • It is advisable to apply fertilizers annually, such as: humus, peat, fertilizers containing phosphate;
  • Pruning is encouraged as it helps shape the crown of the tree and improves fruiting. It is carried out in spring or autumn after harvesting with a sharp instrument. Summer pruning is prohibited due to the most active period of sap circulation inside the trees. Cut off dry, cracked, growing inward and intertwined branches;
  • Loosening is done for greater access of oxygen to the roots; the soil is loosened usually in the middle of autumn. In winter, lying snow can cause rotting of the root system, and digging will help to avoid this.
  • The soil around young trees must be covered for the winter with mulch, spruce branches, and then also with falling snow.

This variety is self-fertile, so it needs a pollinator variety planted nearby. For this purpose, "Orlovim", "Golden Kitaika" are suitable.

Pests and diseases

The candy apple tree is quite resistant to many pests and diseases, but it is prone to scab. It is mainly the fruits that suffer.

The correct actions of the gardener will help to avoid crop losses:

  • In the spring, trees are sprayed with special protective solutions.
  • At the end of autumn, the cut branches and the lower part of the trunk are treated with whitewash and putty.
  • The damaged part of the bark on the trunks is carefully removed.

Collection and storage of the harvested crop

For the convenience of harvesting, special fruit pickers with a long handle are often used. The trees of this variety are tall, and it is rather dangerous to use large ladders, and you cannot reach the apples with your hands.

Like all summer varieties, the candy apple has a big drawback - a short shelf life of the fruit. At room temperature, storage is about 15-25 days, in a refrigerator or cellar - no more than two months.

Apples are not suitable for transportation, therefore, they have not found application in the processing of agricultural products, but are used and grown in the private sector.

Pros and cons of the variety

Having learned all the features of this variety of apple trees, we can conclude that, like other varieties, the Candy Apple tree has its pros and cons.

Pros:

  • fruits look very aesthetically pleasing due to their intense rosy blush
  • apples are juicy, sweet, with a honey aroma
  • frost resistance, picky culture
  • early maturity
  • high yield
  • not sensitive to most diseases and pests

Minuses:

  • prone to scab damage
  • impossibility of long-distance transportation.
  • short shelf life
  • very dense crown

How to Use Candy Apples in Cooking

Candy apples are very healthy and tasty, therefore they are often used only fresh, as a dessert and decoration. But they are also good in a redesigned form.

Very often they make jam, jam, compotes and juices, while sugar is not added at all, or a small amount. The most famous use is confiture.

Regular jam

Composition:

  • 1 kg of apples.
  • 0.25 kg of sugar.
  • cinnamon to taste.

The apples are peeled, cored, cut and grated or in a food processor. Mix thoroughly with sugar. After 15 minutes, pour into a deep bowl, put on low heat and stir constantly.

When the mass becomes the desired thick consistency, turn off the heat, add cinnamon and stir again. At this time, jars and lids are sterilized for at least 10 minutes and the hot mass is poured into prepared containers.

This jam is very easy to prepare, has a long shelf life and is really tasty.

Apple jam in a slow cooker

Composition:

  • 700-800 grams of apples.
  • 250 grams of sugar.
  • 5 grams of citric acid.

Peel apples, remove cores, cut into pieces or wedges. Mix all the ingredients and transfer to the multicooker bowl. Bring to a boil using the "baking" mode, and then switch to "stewing" and leave in this form for an hour. At the end, stir and enjoy a fragrant jam with a cup of tea.

Apple compote

Composition:

  • 800 gr of apples.
  • 1.5 liters of water.
  • 0.5 cups of sugar.

The middle parts in the apples are removed, cut into thin slices and placed in a saucepan, poured with water, some of the sugar is added. Bring to a boil over low heat, add all the remaining sugar and stir.

Remove from heat, let it brew for 10-15 minutes, and that's it - you can pour it into mugs.

The candy apple variety is very fond of gardeners and summer residents throughout Russia, Ukraine, Belarus for its taste, unpretentious cultivation and widespread use in cooking.

Having studied the description of the candy apple tree with a photo, you definitely want to get to know this variety better and plant a seedling in your country house.

In addition, let's watch a video about the candy apple variety:


Watch the video: Pruning cherry trees from year 1 to year 4 #cherries #prune #pruning (January 2022).