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Eremurus flower - planting and care, varieties and varieties, wintering


Fans of decorative floriculture and summer residents often want to decorate their plots with unusual, but unpretentious plants.

Eremurus is great for decorating any flower bed, this tall, bright plant can always please the eye with its flowering, and the fact that it is a perennial significantly reduces the amount of labor and effort required for an annual transplant.

The eremus flower, planting and caring for which is not so difficult, will become an original decoration of the garden and a source of your pride.

Content:

  1. Characteristics of culture
  2. Varieties of eremurus and its varieties
  3. Growing from seeds
  4. Transplanting a culture into the ground
  5. The rules for proper care of a perennial?
  6. Diseases and pests
  7. How to prepare for winter

Characteristics of culture

Eremurus is an unusual plant, its homeland is Central and Western Asia. Bred as a culture in the 19th century, now it is popular in European countries, in the Russian Crimea, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Western Siberia.

Known under other names "shiryash", "shrysh", "Tsar's crutch", "Cleopatra's needle", "Bengal fire".

It is a perennial of the genus Xantorrhea of ​​the lily family. Experts have more than 50 varieties. The name translates as "the tail of the desert", most likely because of the peculiar shape of the inflorescences. "Bengal fire" reaches a height of 130-140 cm, has a strong, durable, straight stem.

The leaves form a basal rosette at the base, and their shape varies depending on the variety and can have an elongated, conical, cylindrical shape. The root system consists of a main rhizome and numerous branches, the rhizome looks like a starfish.

Flowers in the form of bells are arranged in a spiral on a long peduncle, from 100 to 150 cm high, the colors are different: yellow, orange, brown, white, pink, brown. After a short flowering, the seeds ripen in fleshy spherical capsules.

Varieties of eremurus and its varieties

The most spectacular varieties for plant breeders are considered.

Echison

A species common in the mountainous part and in the mixed forests of Afghanistan, in the Pamirs, Western Tien Shan. It is an early flowering plant, the first flowers open in April and the growing season is not long.

The outlet has an average of 25 elongated green sheets. The peduncle reaches 120 cm, an inflorescence is formed on it in the form of a brush, the diameter of which is 15-16 cm. On such a bush, 150-280 buds appear during the growing season. The inflorescence tone is usually white, pink and dark red.

Powerful

It grows on rocky slopes, has a developed rhizome and sparse leaves. The color of the bush is dark green, covered with a bluish bloom on top. Height 100-120 cm, inflorescence on a straight, strong stem, with 1000 pink, milky flowers, similar to bells.

Alberta

Mountain variety of perennial. The height of the bush reaches 120 cm, the leaves are bare, straight, dark green. The inflorescence on a smooth stem grows up to 60 cm, has an interesting color: white corollas surround reddish-brick perianths and stamens.

Olga

This species is distinguished by large flowers and a dense, lush inflorescence. The plant grows up to 150 cm and is white with a slightly milky pink tint.

Cleopatra

Very bright "tail of the desert", with dense, dense inflorescences of fiery color. The height of the bush is 110-120 cm.

Himalayan

View with white flowers. It grows mainly in mountainous areas, reaching 130 cm in height.

Altaic

A bush with bright yellow inflorescences, it grows in Altai and is an excellent honey plant.

Bunge

A tall species, up to 170 cm high, is found in nature in Iran, Afghanistan. The narrow lanceolate foliage is covered with a bluish bloom. The flower cluster consists of 400-600 golden yellow flowers. Looks great both in cut bouquets and in dried compositions.

Pinocchio

The variety that appeared in 1989 has a height of up to 150 cm. The color is dusty - yellow, with bright red stamens.

Obelisk

It appeared a long time ago, in 1956, the species grows to 150 cm, has an interesting color: white leaves and bright green centers.

Crimean

Often found on the Crimean Peninsula, in Yalta. They are tall flowers with narrow green leaves and delicate white flowers.

Growing from seeds

In order to propagate the Cleopatra's needle by seeds, you need to wait 4 to 7 years after planting the plant, since it starts flowering immediately. In August, the peduncles are cut, laid out in a well-ventilated shady place for ripening, and then seeds are collected from them.

The best seed is obtained from the bottom of the inflorescence. Therefore, they are often cut at the top by a third.

It is best to sow shiryash in the first months of autumn in two ways: directly into a flower garden or in small containers 20 cm deep:

  • in the first method, shallow furrows of about 15 mm are made in the flower beds and seeds are sown in them, lightly sprinkled with earth and watered well;
  • in the second method, the planting material is spread over the surface of the pot soil mixture, slightly deepening. Sprinkle on top with a layer of soil and watered. The first shoots appear for a very long time: from 30 to 360 days.

The ideal temperature for germination is 15 degrees. Seedlings need to be watered much more often than adult plants. Young shoots can be picked up for transplanting at about the stage of formation of 3-4 leaves, they are transplanted into separate pots until next winter.

At the time of cold weather, they are often transplanted into containers and covered with a layer of leaves 25-30 cm, and planted in a permanent place in the fall, when the young seedlings finally get stronger and gain strength. Growing and caring for an eremurus flower obtained from seeds is not difficult, but requires clear actions from the gardener.

Transplanting a culture into the ground

You can see how the eremurus flower is planted, and how to organize further care for it in numerous photos on the Internet. Young plants are planted in the open field in a permanent place in accordance with varietal characteristics.

First of all, planting requires Himalayan, Yellow, Albert, Echison, Powerful. Then - Revel, Red, Red.

The best time to move seedlings is September, during which time it will have time to take root, get stronger and prepare well for the beginning of the growing season in spring.

First, you need to prepare a milking landing site. "Shrysh" loves air-permeable, well-drained soil, and if your flower beds do not have such qualities, it is worth adding pebbles or gravel to the soil.

The place should be spacious, well lit, flowers in the sunlight are much brighter and larger than their counterparts grown in a shaded area. If in the area there are often strong winds, they make supports near the bushes. Tall "sparklers" are planted in the back forest of flower beds or inside flower beds.

A layer of nutrient soil mixture of about 45-50 cm is laid on a layer with large particles (drainage). The best soil for the growth and development of bushes will be slightly alkaline and neutral. It includes sod land, humus, coarse river sand, wood ash and pebbles.

The soil mixture is well fertilized with rotted compost.

For each sprout, a hole is made 30 cm deep, very carefully they take out the seedlings without damaging the root system along with a lump of earth. Place the "Cleopatra's needle" in the hole, gently straighten the roots and cover the free space with soil so that there are no voids left.

You need to try to maintain a distance of 45 cm between the planting pits, and make the row spacing within 60 cm, so that in the future the bushes do not shade each other and do not interfere with growth. Then the transplanted plant is watered abundantly.

How to properly care for a perennial?

Planting and caring for an eremurus flower requires adherence to some agrotechnical techniques when leaving:

Watering is necessary often, but not too abundant. It is especially important during dry periods and during flowering. But during prolonged rains or after flowering, watering should be reduced.

The perennial responds gratefully to systematic feeding. In autumn, the best option would be to choose superphosphates. 35 g of the mixture is applied to 1 square meter of soil. In the spring, before waking up, additional fertilizing with standard complex fertilizers for flowering "desert tails" is required at the rate of 60 g per 1 sq. M.

For abundant flowering in the bud setting phase, plant breeders apply nitrogen fertilizers under the root.

During the entire growing season, the soil around the bush is loosened, weeds are removed. This must be done with care so as not to damage the rhizome.

Dried branches are cut off, yellow leaves and faded buds are removed.

Varieties that are unstable to low temperatures are carefully sheltered from frost. It can be peat, spruce branches, foliage or manure in a wide layer of 15 cm. And in the first months of spring, the "insulation" is removed. Mulching helps keep the roots from frost. And in order to protect themselves from rodents, wormwood branches are laid around the bushes and fixed from the strong wind with stones to the ground.

Diseases and pests

"Shrysh" is resistant to both diseases and pests, but sometimes it suffers from aphids, thrips, mice, moles. The most common diseases are rust, viral and fungal diseases, chlorosis.

The fight against slugs is the simplest. Wood shavings, spruce needles, nettles, strong-smelling herbs, and special traps are laid around the rhizomes.

Get rid of aphids using water spraying with the addition of special preparations.

Various folk methods with the use of strong-smelling herbs, kerosene and the proximity to plants that mice like and use poisonous baits do well with mice and other rodents.

Numerous drugs that can be bought at any specialized store or made on their own are struggling with moles; such mixtures affect the highly developed sense of smell of animals and do not allow them to penetrate the site. Instead of drugs, acoustic scarers are widely used.

Rust appears as brown cuttings on stems and leaves. The disease develops especially strongly in humid and warm weather, and if the “tail of the desert” is not treated in time, it can die. To get rid of rust, fungicides are used: Barrier, Fitospirin.

Pests often bring not only direct harm, but also indirect harm in the form of transmission of viral diseases. It is possible to determine the presence of such a disease by the appearance of the foliage: it fades, becomes tuberosities, uneven, even sometimes changes shape.

Control measures do not yet exist, the main thing is to carry out prevention and fight insect pests in time.

Chlorosis leads to yellowing and blanching of foliage. But the disease has a greater effect on the root system and, first of all, save it. To do this, the bush is dug up, examined, and the damaged parts are surprised. Healthy rhizomes are dried, covered with ash and planted again in the soil.

Perennial care after flowering and preparation in winter

By the end of July or August, the seed pods ripen at the bush and all the foliage dries up. This means the onset of the summer dormant period. This time is the most difficult for perennial care, as it becomes sensitive to waterlogging of the soil.

To preserve the bushes, summer residents make high flower beds with good drainage, and this is enough. But for some varieties, digging and drying in a dry, dark room is considered the best way to preserve.

This should be done with caution, trying not to damage the rhizomes. Or over it in the flower garden they build shelters from the rain, cover the soil with a film. This is a good way out, but such "gazebos" often look inappropriate and spoil the appearance of the flower garden.

Eremurus winters well without shelter and protection from frost, but they create more favorable conditions for thermophilic species. To do this, cover the soil with a thick layer of peat or manure for the winter. Rhizomes dug out in summer should not be stored until spring, since when they are planted, they immediately start to grow and can die from the slightest frost.

It is better to cover with covering material or put spruce branches on top of the peat, if the winters in the region are cold and snowless.

Eremurus are spectacular plants that combine well with many flowers and are suitable for decorating a summer cottage or garden, look harmoniously on alpine hills and lawns with annuals and perennials. Desert flower care is not that difficult, and the result of your labors will pay off with a vibrant bloom that will add zest to any garden.

Look at the video how the eremurus flower is planted, and how to organize the care of it:


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