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How to plant blackberries correctly?


Blackberries are not yet as popular among gardeners as their closest relative, raspberries. However, the beneficial properties of this berry deserve that summer residents pay attention to it. The key to a rich blackberry harvest is the correct planting and care of the bush.

Content:

  • Choosing a landing site
  • Planting blackberries
  • Seedling care

Choosing a landing site

When choosing a place for planting blackberries, first of all, you need to be guided by the characteristic features of this culture.

  • First, blackberry is a light-loving plant. In the sun or in partial shade, it will bear fruit excellently. A significant lack of sunlight will lead to crushing of the berries and a deterioration in their taste. Young shoots in these conditions will be strongly stretched upward, shading the fruiting branches. Shoot formation can last until late autumn, and, as a result, frost resistance will decrease.
  • Secondly, this culture does not tolerate waterlogged soils, therefore, areas that are constantly flooded by storm or melt water are not suitable for it. The depth of groundwater at the site of planting of blackberries must be more than 1 meter, otherwise the plant may simply die. In addition, the period of growth of shoots in waterlogged conditions will be delayed, which means that they will not have time to prepare for winter.
  • Thirdly, when choosing a place, one should take into account the low winter hardiness of blackberries. This means that the landing site must be well warmed up and protected from cold winds.

It should also be added that blackberries prefers loamy soils and does not tolerate calcareous soils. But this fact is unlikely to be able to influence the choice of a planting site, since given the small area of ​​the summer cottage, we can safely speak of the identity of the soil composition at all its points.

Thus, when choosing a place for planting blackberries, you should give preference to well-lit, dry areas, protected from sudden gusts of wind. You can plant shrubs in small islands in the center of the site, but most gardeners prefer to place them along the fence. It is better to retreat from the fence by 0.5-1.0 meters: the bushes will shade less, and it will become more convenient for you to pick berries. For the same reason, the bandwidth should not exceed a meter. Access to the bushes from both sides will facilitate not only the harvesting process, when you want to reach each berry, but also the care of the plants.

Planting blackberries

It is better to plant blackberries in early spring. However, you can postpone this procedure until autumn, but in this case, to prevent freezing of young plants, the aerial part should be shortened to 20-30 cm and properly covered for the winter.

But it is better to prepare the soil for spring planting in the fall. Dig the area allocated for the blackberry to a depth of 50 cm and apply organic and mineral fertilizers. For 1 square meter, you will need 50 g of potash fertilizers, 100 g of superphosphate, 10 kg of humus. If the soil is clayey, add some sand and peat.

Like raspberries, blackberries are planted in holes or trenches. The size of the planting pits is 40x40x40 cm. The distance between them is from 0.5 to 1 meter, depending on the shoot-forming ability of the variety. Fill the holes two-thirds full of fertile soil. If you did not prepare the soil in the fall, you need to do it now. The fertilizers added to each hole should be thoroughly mixed with the soil to prevent direct contact with the roots of the seedlings.

When sprinkling the roots of the seedling with earth, make sure that the growth bud located at the base of the stem is buried no more than 2-3 cm.If it is at a greater depth, then fruiting may move away for a year until new buds form closer to the surface.

To better capture rain and irrigation water, make holes around the bushes. Mulch the soil by sprinkling a small layer of humus, rotted sawdust or a mixture of sawdust and peat. Remember to do this every spring.

When planting blackberries, it should be remembered that this shrub strives to conquer areas that were not originally intended for it. To avoid this, dig in slate sheets along the entire planting strip. Moreover, you need to do this not only from the side of your site, but also from the side of the fence - suddenly, the plans of your neighbors did not include the cultivation of this culture.

Blackberry shoots grow tall enough, and there are many fruits, so the bushes need support. The easiest way is to drive a peg near each bush and tie branches to it. But if you use an ordinary planting method, it will be better to install a trellis: drive in posts (thick wooden stakes, metal tubes) along the edges of the row and pull three wires at a height of 0.5 m, 1 m and 1.5 m from the ground. Blackberry stems are either entwined, passing between the wires, or tied to them.

Seedling care

If the next year after planting you cut off the inflorescences that have appeared, then give the plant the opportunity to spend all its energy not on fruiting, but on the formation of the root system. Next season, it will thank you with a bountiful harvest.

You will need to fertilize the planted blackberries no earlier than in the third year. Before that, you can feed the plant with bird droppings diluted with water.

The rest of the care is reduced only to weeding and loosening the soil. And, of course, do not forget to water the bushes, during the period of active setting and growth of shoots, this should be done more often.

In the fall, it is necessary to prune overly stretched and weak branches. For those with experience growing raspberries, this procedure is familiar. When preparing the plant for wintering, the branches should be untied from the trellises and bent to the ground. Even if you belong to the category of not the most hardworking gardeners, this must be done in the first autumn so that young and still weak bushes have a chance to survive the winter frosts and winds.

As you can see, the technology of planting blackberries does not present any particular difficulties. And if you plant this plant on your site next spring, in a year you will be able to please yourself and your loved ones with a delicious fresh berry or aromatic blackberry jam.


Watch the video: How To Prune BLACKBERRIES For Better Harvests (January 2022).