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Daffodils, planting and care in the open field, breeding features


Planting daffodils outdoors and caring for them does not pose any particular problems. They tolerate wintering well and germinate with the first warming, because they belong to primroses.

They are very popular among amateur flower growers due to their abundant flowering and amazing aroma.

Content:

  1. Description of the plant
  2. Popular types and varieties of daffodils
  3. Planting daffodils in fall and spring
  4. Growing daffodils in the garden - care rules
  5. Diseases and pests
  6. Flowering, what daffodils look like in the photo
  7. Caring for daffodils after flowering
  8. Storing the bulbs
  9. Reproduction of daffodils
  10. Beneficial features
  11. How daffodils are used in landscape design

Description of the plant

Daffodils are members of the amaryllis family. They are perennial herbaceous varieties and species.

The bud is placed on a bare peduncle of a slightly compressed or rounded shape. Depending on the species, flowers are collected in a brush, or single, up to six centimeters in diameter.

The petals are double or simple, snow-white or jetted. The perianth is characterized by an elongated cylindrical tube with a cup-shaped, bell-shaped or tubular crown.

The seeds that form in the fruit are numerous. They quickly lose the ability to germinate.

This is one of those plants that can be found on almost every home garden. Unpretentious and hardy, it does not require special care, it grows quickly and blooms violently.

Popular types and varieties of daffodils

Among the cultivated species and varieties recommended for planting in open ground, we can see those indicated in the table.

ViewsBrief characteristicsThe most famous varieties
Large-crownedThey differ in the largest sizes of the inflorescence, which consists of six buds, reach 12 cm in diameter. The peduncle is single, tubular, up to 0.5 m in height. Flowers - white, orange, yellowRecord, Voa, Anthea
Small-crownedThe diameter of the inflorescences is not more than 8 cm.The color of the crown is yellowish-red, pink, white or scarlet with a greenish dot in the centerChina White, Amor, Ice King, Indiana Chief
Multi-floweredMore than eight buds can be harvested on the peduncle, white, yellow or apricot with an orange crown. They tolerate shade perfectly, but do not belong to frost-resistant species.Medusa, Elvira, Chefulness
PoeticThe inflorescence is solitary with a small crown and tube, which is colored red along the edge. The peduncle reaches a height of 40-45 cm.The leaves are elongated and narrow, grayish in colorMilan, Sarchedon, Actea
Split-crownDue to the dissection of the crown and the accretion of six loose leaves at the base, the impression of a second row of petals is created. The height of the peduncle is 11-12 cm. The color of the inflorescences is white, yellow and pinkish. Differ in light-requiring, poorly tolerate darkened areasPalmares, Baccarat, Cassata
TriandusMiniature plants with a small crown, which is shaped like a glass. Flowers drooping, collected in inflorescences, or single. The color of the crowns is white, gold, yellow, sometimes with a greenish tintWaist, Tresembl, Javera
TubularThe length of the crown is almost the same or even longer than that of the petals. Outwardly they look like a gramophone tube, in diameter it can reach 7-13 cm.On the crowns you can see white and yellow daffodilsMaximus, Celebreti, Birshiba
CyclameniformNot more than 20 cm high, they look like cyclamen. The flower is drooping, with one inflorescence with a long and elongated crown-tube. They bloom early, feel especially good on clay soilsAndalusia, Piping Tom

Almost all of them are great for our climate. However, be sure to pay attention to the frost resistance indicators and the duration of flowering.

More information about the species and varieties of daffodils:

Planting daffodils in fall and spring

You can plant bulbs at different periods, but it is important to remember some of the features of each of them.

When planting, it is important to consider that:

  • Planting in early fall or late summer are preferred options. You can start from early August to mid-September. During this period, the growth of processes is activated;
  • Planting daffodils in the spring is permissible if it was not possible to plant them in the fall. In order for it to be successful, the bulbs must be kept cool for several weeks. To do this, you can use a refrigerator (not a freezer!). The best time for a spring disembarkation is mid-April and should not be delayed.
  • The optimal planting time is autumn, late summer. However, do not despair if time has been lost, the middle of spring is also quite suitable for disembarkation.

Growing daffodils in the garden: care rules

In order for the flowers to grow healthy and delight with a pleasant aroma and lush flowering, it is important to adhere to a number of rules.

The main ones are:

  • Regular watering and furrowing of the substrate, with the onset of the summer heat, additional watering will be required;
  • The introduction of annual fertilizing - they need two times the introduction of liquid fertilizers. The first is a complex mineral feeding during the formation of buds. The second is the introduction of fertilizing for flowering plants.

We suggest watching a video about growing daffodils:

Compliance with these simple rules will allow you to admire the abundant flowering and enjoy the pleasant aroma exuded by the flowers.

In addition, strong, healthy plants are more able to withstand possible diseases or pests.

Diseases and pests

Although the plants are quite resistant, they can sometimes also suffer from diseases and pests.

Pest or diseaseSymptoms and SignsHow to fix
Rot of the bottom, or fusariumStarts from the bottom and spreads along the bulbIt is recommended to destroy all damaged bulbs, and keep healthy bulbs at a temperature not exceeding 18 C
MosaicViral disease of leaves and flowers. It manifests itself as green or yellow spots, leaf deformation. Transmitted in bulbs and through parasite bitesIt is not treated, the affected plants should be destroyed
HoverfliesThe larvae of these flies penetrate the bulb, provoke its rotting. You can notice this by a sharp stop in plant growth.As a preventive measure, regular loosening and mulching is useful.
NematodesMicroscopic pest, the defeat of which is manifested in the curvature of the shoots and yellowing of the leaves. To prevent it, it is recommended to immerse the bulbs in 43.5 C water before planting.Fitoverm is suitable for treatment

In order to prevent the death of the affected plants, it is recommended to monitor their condition and, in the event of alarming symptoms, to treat them with appropriate drugs.

If the problem cannot be eliminated in this way, it will be necessary to destroy the diseased plants, this will prevent the spread of the disease to healthy bushes.

Flowering, what daffodils look like in the photo

Depending on the species, daffodils in the photo may look different. The only thing that unites them is grace and beauty. Light tones of flowers turn any photo into a warm illustration of spring.

If some flowers in life turn out to be far from as good as in the image, then this option is excluded here. Both in life and in the image, they will delight you with the grace of lines and the unforgettable charm of light tones.

Caring for daffodils after flowering

The main care for daffodils after flowering consists of several stages, which should not be forgotten:

  • Leaves should not be cut off for several months;
  • After the foliage is dry, it is not pulled out, but carefully cut off;
  • For the winter, young flowers are covered with leafy turf or humus;
  • It is recommended to dig up young bulbs every three years, in the middle of summer.

It is important to remember that the bulbs continue to breathe, so you should not keep the planting material outside the soil for more than two months.

Storing the bulbs

It is recommended to store bulbs in a dry, well-ventilated place in a container without soil. For added convenience, different varieties can be arranged in different containers and signed.

Within three weeks, the bulbs are dried at a temperature of + 24 C. After that, the seed must be cleaned and divided. At this stage, it is important not to damage anything. In addition, each bulb must be carefully checked for diseases or pests.

Children who fall away need to be separated for subsequent seating. After that, the bulbs must be put back into containers. The room temperature during subsequent storage should not exceed 10-17 C, and the humidity level - 75%.

Reproduction of daffodils

Reproduction takes place in two ways: by seeds, or by depositing. The latter method is often used, separating the young from the mother bulb. The vegetative method is suitable for plants over three years old. So, during this period, the upper scales have time to dry and it can be divided into several parts for subsequent seating.

Seed planting is not particularly common, but is being done. For this, it is recommended to sow ripe seeds that have not been dried. The flowering of such seedlings can be seen only in the fifth year.

Depending on the experience of the gardener, you can choose any of the options. However, the second still requires more skill.

Beneficial features

Besides their beauty, these flowers are known for their beneficial medicinal properties. So the alkaloids that are part of the flower are used to treat certain types of leukemia, radiculitis, polyneuritis, and muscle atrophy.

In alternative medicine, they are used to treat male infertility. In addition, they are used in the manufacture of pain relievers for the prevention of mastitis in women.

The oil is used for relaxation, therapy of nervous diseases. But it is contraindicated in case of personal intolerance, it is not recommended for use by pregnant women and children.

Narcissus is not only an elegant decoration of the garden, but also a medicinal plant. It has been known and used since time immemorial in China and ancient Greece.

How daffodils are used in landscape design

Since the leaves of these flowers do not fade for a very long time, they are often matched with plants with lush foliage, which will help cover yellowed flowers and leaves. Therefore, you can often find a host or a cuff next to them.

Planting is carried out in small groups of up to seven pieces, often combined with snowdrops or plants with later stages of development - badan and primrose.

Used for framing curbs, decorating alleys and alpine hills.

A well-chosen variety is an amazing decoration for a garden of any style. Designers willingly use the plant as an important part of many spring beds.

Growing daffodils outdoors is not a complicated process. Unpretentious and resistant plants require minimal effort in the care, but pay for the attention given to them like a king, generously.


Watch the video: Hyacinth Care, After Flowering (November 2021).