In order for the pruning of geraniums at home to be successful and ensure lush tillering and flowering, you will have to spend very little effort.
This plant is unpretentious and stable, so even a novice gardener can form a bush.
- Why prune geraniums
- Autumn and spring pruning of geraniums at home
- Rules for pruning, especially pruning of different varieties
- Crown formation
- Is it possible to prune blooming geraniums
- How to cut geraniums to bloom, video
- How to remove faded geranium flowers
- Geranium has faded, what to do
- Reasons for improper growth: geraniums are thin and long
Why prune geraniums
Like many similar species, geraniums are often pulled out without cutting. This not only significantly impairs the appearance of the shrub, but also negatively affects its condition. It takes too much effort to keep the long branches growing.
In addition, there is a danger that the branches could break.
In order to protect the plant from possible unpleasant consequences, it is enough not to lose sight of the length of its branches and systematically cut it.
Timely adjusting the size of the shoots will help stimulate the growth of the side branches. It is important to bear in mind that without cutting off, the growth of additional shoots is almost impossible, despite the large number of dormant buds. Only the mechanical removal of a part of the plant can touch them in growth.
In addition to preventing stretching, timely and regular pruning contributes to the formation of a neat crown, activates flowering, and makes it lush.
Cut pieces are excellent planting material. So it is enough to place the stalk for a short while in a container of water and wait for it to take root.
Cropping the upper branches is an important procedure for the normal growth and development of the bush. If carried out systematically, this event will significantly improve the condition of the flower.
Autumn and spring pruning of geraniums at home
Spring pruning includes cosmetic and wellness pruning. After the winter period, it is recommended to examine the plant for dried parts that need to be removed. Branches that have managed to lengthen too much are also cut off, so the bush is prepared for the summer season.
Where more extensive events are recommended to be carried out in the fall, it is necessary:
- Remove dry and damaged parts;
- Cut off the branches that have begun to grow inside the shrub. This will prevent shading of the root area;
- Shoots that managed to lengthen over the summer - cut off by a third, while at least a few leaves should remain on the branch.
- In addition to the aesthetic side of the issue, it is important to consider that it is in the fall that it is best to harvest seedling cuttings. Young saplings planted in this way will not only grow quickly, but will also delight the owners with lush flowering by spring.
Rules for pruning, especially pruning of different varieties
There are three types of geraniums, each of which is different in size: dwarf, medium and tall. The varieties of these species can be both similar and radically different in size and characteristics of buds, leaf blades and stems.
When pruning different varieties, it is important to consider some features:
- If the variety belongs to the dwarf variety, it is recommended to pinch the young plant and then make sure that the internal branches do not shade the root area;
- If it belongs to the medium-sized, it is important not only to carry out systematic pruning to form the crown, but also not to allow it to stretch out and grow too much;
- If the variety can be classified as tall, special attention should be paid to regulating the growth of the flower. In this case, it is recommended not to remove the branches that grow from the main trunk, but to prune them, activating tillering. Thus, the shoots will not stretch too much, which is a significant advantage from the aesthetic point of view.
When pruning any varieties, it is important not to touch those branches that grow from the root. Only those that grow from the trunk can be removed or pruned.
Let's watch a video on how to properly trim geraniums:
It is recommended to pay special attention to the tools before proceeding with the formative pruning. So, a knife or scissors must be sterile.
Further it is necessary:
- Remove dry and damaged parts first;
- Cut off the top of the main stem to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots;
- If the upper part has already been cut off, cut out those branches that began to grow inside the bush and remove the lower side shoots;
- After the procedure, carefully treat the cut sites with pounded activated carbon.
When pruning, it is important not to cut too much as this will negatively affect flowering. So it is worth cutting off no more than a fifth.
Is it possible to prune blooming geraniums
This question worries gardeners, because often the flowering period for plants is not the best time for active activities with them. Geranium, despite its durability and unpretentiousness, is no exception. It is best to wait for the plant to bloom and then move on to action.
However, if there is no choice, you can prune, but no more than a few branches. The loss of a larger amount can negatively affect the condition of the flower, its appearance. After trimming, it is imperative to treat the cut points with activated carbon. Moreover, if the cut branch has a bud, it must be removed so that it does not interfere with the rooting of the cutting.
Cutting off shoots for seedlings during flowering is possible, but not desirable. It is better to wait until the plant has bloomed and proceed with the planned pruning, then you can prepare a huge number of young seedlings for further reproduction without harm to the mother plant.
Systematic pruning not only improves the appearance of the shrub, increases its aesthetics, helps to rejuvenate, but also stimulates the flowering process.
So the inflorescences on a flower that undergoes systematic pruning is much larger, they last longer and look better than on a plant that grows without care.
The main purpose of any pruning is to improve the access of water and oxygen inside the shrub, which has a beneficial effect on flowering.
It is so important first of all to remove all those shoots that are directed inward.
In order for pruning to be as beneficial as possible for flowering, it is recommended:
- Perform mandatory autumn pruning after the plant has bloomed in the summer. It is important to take into account that it is important to carry it out in the fall, and not in the winter. It is strictly forbidden to remove unnecessary branches in winter, since the flower at this time is already weak. Additional stress can simply kill him without the possibility of recovery;
- Think carefully about the sequence of the procedure and be sure to prepare sterile scissors. First of all, dry, old and yellowed leaves must be removed. This will help reduce the expenditure of energy;
- Cut off excess parts. So, if the flower has started up extra branches, it is recommended to cut them off at the first leaf node;
- Cut off the buds that form on the plant in winter. This will help the geranium gain more strength before summer flowering, which will be much more lush and abundant if the flower does not waste energy during the dormant period;
- At the end of February and until mid-March, prune to form new buds. After that, geraniums will bloom later than usual, but the inflorescences, their number and duration of flowering will be large;
- Consider the size of the shrub. It is not recommended to cut so big it is too radical, it can completely deprive it of strength and flowering can not be expected at all. But a small bush should be cut thoroughly, this will only be a plus.
There are a huge number of videos of correct cropping on the network, before starting the event it is worth watching a few, this will help you understand the scheme and avoid mistakes:
How to remove faded geranium flowers
One of the main reasons why it is worth removing inflorescences that have faded is considered the aesthetic side of the issue. Dry "earrings" do not decorate flowers.
However, timely removal of faded inflorescences can stimulate the growth of new ones.
It is recommended to remove the bud immediately after it begins to wilt.
You can notice this by the petals, which change color, become covered with brownish spots. It is important not to miss this moment, because if you hesitate, you can wait for the formation of seeds.
It is worth removing by cutting with sharp scissors, not necessarily the entire inflorescence at once, you can one flower at a time as they dry.
Another important advantage of timely removal is the prevention of the formation and development of fungal diseases. The latter is especially important in the case of high humidity levels.
Geranium has faded, what to do
In case you wish to stimulate further flowering, cut the flowers before they dry. The main goal of geranium is to form, as a result of flowering, seeds, if this cannot be achieved, flowering is repeated.
It is also important to consider that the plant takes too much energy to develop seeds. The nutrients that could go to the growth and development of the flower go to the formation of seeds.
In the process, flowering either completely stops or is minimized.
Timely cut buds help to activate the process of re-formation of new ones. In addition, it helps to reduce the level of energy losses.
Reasons for improper growth: geraniums are thin and long
There are several reasons for the improper development and growth of a flower.
The main and frequent ones include:
- Lack of light - leads to lengthening of the shoots. Light is the only thing worth paying attention to when caring for a plant.
- It is especially worth keeping an eye on the flower in the cold season; it is recommended to constantly move it to lighted places or use additional sources of artificial lighting.
- At the same time, it is important not to forget in the spring, on the contrary, to remove it from under direct sunlight, which can leave burns on the foliage;
- It has not been transplanted for too long, while the young is recommended to be transplanted every year, gradually increasing the intervals to once every few years.
When pulling, it is important to correct the problem in a timely manner, otherwise the risk of damage increases. So the plant can break down, unable to withstand its mass.
Pruning geraniums at home is an important procedure that should not be ignored. Timely carried out, it will significantly improve the condition of the flower.