The pomelo fruit belongs to the citrus family, it is the largest of the representatives of this family. It appeared relatively recently in supermarkets and markets, some confuse pompelmus with grapefruit.
To avoid such confusion, you need to figure out what kind of product it is, how the pomelo grows, and how to use it correctly.
- Pomelo - what is it, a hybrid of what, what was crossed with what
- How a pomelo grows, what a tree looks like, lifespan
- Where is it grown
- How the pomelo blooms, what its fruits look like, what they are inside
- How to choose a ripe pomelo
- What is the use of pomelo fruits, what taste do they have?
- How to eat pomelo properly
- Calorie content of the fruit, its use in dietary nutrition
- Are there any contraindications to use
- Application in the cosmetology environment
Pomelo - what is it, a hybrid of what, what was crossed with what
Some, out of ignorance, believe that the pomelo is a hybrid species, since it appeared by crossing a grapefruit or an orange. But this is not the case. Pompelmus is not a hybrid, but an independent fruit.
It looks like a grapefruit, there is the same white layer inside the pulp, this is due to the fact that the grapefruit was obtained by crossing an orange and a pomelo.
This fruit has medicinal and cosmetic properties, therefore it is widely used in medicine, cooking and cosmetology.
How a pomelo grows, what a tree looks like, lifespan
Pomelo is an evergreen tropical tree.
Its main characteristics:
- In good conditions, the tree reaches 15 meters in height. The crown has a spherical shape, the branches are long, there are sharp thorns.
- The leaves are oval, rather large, the top of the leaf has a rich green color, and the bottom is slightly lighter in color.
- The diameter of the inflorescences is from three to seven centimeters, resembles a six-pointed star, the color is white. Flowers can bloom singly or in the form of inflorescences of six, maximum ten pieces.
The tree belongs to heat-loving plants, the optimal temperature for it is considered to be from twenty-five to thirty degrees. The plant prefers sandy soils, which contain a sufficient amount of salt.
If the soil does not contain salt, then water the tree with seawater.
Where is it grown
This citrus crop was originally grown in India, Fiji, Thailand, Indonesia, California, Malaysia, the Caribbean and Florida.
Not so long ago, flower growers have learned to grow an exotic fruit in our country, at home. However, in order for the product to retain its useful and taste qualities, it is necessary to create a hot and humid climate, typical for pomelo.
To do this, the culture must be placed in the open sun, watered abundantly and humidified the air.
About where the pomelo grows and how to get its fruits in an apartment - on the video:
How the pomelo blooms, what its fruits look like, what they are inside
The tree blooms with white star-shaped flowers. In one season, inflorescences are formed several times. Thanks to this, the yield increases; with proper care, you can harvest the fruits four times a year. The largest number of fruits can be harvested in early February and until the end of March.
Pomelo fruits are similar to grapefruit, differing only in size.
The mass of one fruit reaches 10 kilograms, and in volume reaches 30 centimeters. If the pomelo is not grown in its native conditions, then the fruit will weigh a little more than one kilogram, with a diameter of 15 to 20 centimeters.
The fruit has a round shape, in rare cases it becomes pear-shaped. There is a thick rind, which is covered with a white layer inside. The rind can be pink, green, or yellow. It all depends on how long the fruit has been in the sun. The sunny side has a more intense color.
The inner part is divided into lobules, there are a small number of seeds, the flesh is red or yellow. The berry has a bitter taste. The color and shape differs depending on the variety and ripeness of the product.
How to choose a ripe pomelo
The fruit has a specific taste, and if you choose a green product, you may not like it at all.
During the purchase, you need to pay attention to the following nuances:
- Aroma. A ripe pomelo will have a rich scent, and its scent will be felt at a great distance.
- The weight. The heavier the fruit, the juicier it is.
- Skin. If there are growths or various seals on the peel, the product has not been stored correctly and this may reflect our taste data. If the skin is damaged, dented or wet, this indicates spoilage and decay. Ideally, the hide should be firm and shiny.
- Tint. It can be green or yellow, the main thing is that the color is uniform and the same on both sides.
In large shopping centers, fruits are sold in an opaque wrapper so that the product does not dry out. But some sellers use this method to hide unripe fruit. You can tear the film a little and check the quality of the product.
What is the use of pomelo fruits, what taste do they have?
Not everyone knows about the benefits of pomelo, although in fact its healing properties have been known for a long time. The Chinese used this fruit as a treatment for heart disease, asthma and colds.
The positive effect came in the near future, so the Chinese and Hindus began to bring pomelo to the gods, and use it in their religious ceremonies, considering it sacred.
Low calorie content allows you to include the product in the diet menu, the fruit is used for weight loss. The composition contains a lot of sugar, so it allows you to quickly get rid of the feeling of hunger, while not adding excess weight.
The product contains fiber, which contributes to the health of the intestines, speeds up the metabolic process.
The pulp contains calcium, so these fruits are recommended for people with joint and bone diseases.
The composition contains a lot of ascorbic acid and essential oils, which are necessary to support the immune system. The body develops resistance to many bacteria, infections and diseases.
The oil also has a positive effect on the central nervous system, acts as a sedative and antidepressant.
Recently, it was revealed that the fruit contains substances that are necessary for the prevention of oncology, and can destroy already existing malignant formations. Substances also have a positive effect on vision, prevent the development of cataracts.
Freshly squeezed juice lowers blood pressure, reduces cholesterol, breaks blood clots, and is a good prevention against atherosclerosis.
In addition, the fruits are often used for:
- treatment of cough, bronchial asthma;
- elimination of cramps and soreness in the abdomen;
- treating intestinal infections;
- to relieve intoxication after alcohol;
- normalize the menstrual cycle and the production of female hormones.
Despite the large list of positive properties and a pleasant aroma, not everyone likes pomelo. There is bitterness and astringency, but it can be removed by using the fruit with sugar, honey or other ingredients.
We offer you to watch a video about pomelo fruits and their benefits:
How to eat pomelo properly
Usually this citrus is eaten raw. To do this, it must be peeled and divided into slices. It is important to thoroughly clean the white thin layers, as they often cause a bitter taste in the mouth.
In many countries, the fruit is used to prepare meat, fish dishes and salads, added to liquid dishes, such as soup. Fry the product in vegetable oil and cut fresh. On its basis, food acquires a sweet and sour taste and rich aroma.
Calorie content of the fruit, its use in dietary nutrition
Pomelo is famous for its low calorie content. There are no more than 30 kilocalories per 100 grams of the product. It is ideal for diet food.
Pomelo helps to quickly break down fats and proteins. Nourishing pulp allows you to forget about the feeling of hunger for a long time.
Thanks to this fruit, you should not exhaust yourself with different diets and unloading. It is enough to eat up to 200-300 grams of product for lunch several times a week. There are many interesting and delicious low-calorie meals out there, and there are many different ideas to try.
Are there any contraindications to use
Any product has its pros and cons, and pomelo is no exception. For some diseases, you need to eat it with caution, or refuse it altogether.
Due to the large amount of acids, it is worth limiting the use to people who have high acidity, stomach ulcers or diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Contraindicated in nephritis and hepatitis.
All citrus fruits are strong allergens, so care should be taken during breastfeeding and during pregnancy.
Application in the cosmetology environment
The exotic fruit is very popular in cosmetology, its juice helps to restore the skin.
For example, if you wipe the skin with natural concentrated juice, this will eliminate its oily content. If the juice is diluted, it helps well with dry skin.
On the basis of pomelo, you can prepare masks and scrubs.
Here are some recipes.
- To prepare the composition, you will need half a lemon and a pomelo skin.
- Dissolve the ingredients with olive oil and sugar.
- Rub in the body scrub for 15 minutes.
- Wash off with a contrast shower.
Mask for oily skin:
- You will need one slice of the product and a teaspoon of kefir.
- Grind a slice until juice appears, add kefir and mix.
- Dip a cotton pad into the prepared mass and apply to the skin.
- After 15 minutes, wash off your face with water.
After a couple of days, the skin will become fresher, acquire a natural shine and beauty.
So, pomelo is a very useful exotic fruit. If you haven't tried it yet, this is the time to do it. The main thing is to make sure that there are no contraindications in your case.