Ficus benjamin, why leaves turn yellow and fall, possible reasons in which cases a transplant is required

Ficus Benjamin is a plant that is often used to decorate the interior of living quarters and offices. With proper care, the flower pleases the owner with bright greenery all year round, however, a decrease in the decorative qualities of the plant is often observed.

Let's look at why Benjamin's ficus leaves turn yellow and fall off, and what to do to solve this problem.


  • Ficus Benjamin, description and photo
  • Why do the leaves of the ficus Benjamin turn yellow and fall
  • Diseases and pests
  • Why do leaves turn yellow and fall in winter
  • What to do if the leaves of the Benjamin ficus fall after transplantation
  • Why can the leaves turn yellow and fall off of rubber-bearing, variegated, kinky ficuses

Ficus Benjamin, description and photo

Ficus Benjamin is a small tree or shrub.

Description and characteristics of the plant:

  • Shoots are upright.
  • The stem is round, growing slowly.
  • Within 10 years, its height reaches 100-120 cm.
  • Covered with gray or brown bark.
  • The leaves are green or marbled, the base is smooth or glossy.
  • The shape of the leaves is oval, with a pointed tip.
  • The length of one leaf varies from 6 to 13 cm, and the width is from 2 to 6 cm.
  • The foliage grows densely and alternately, one plane is formed.
  • Wide crown, branches down.

The tree is unpretentious, however, there are nuances that should be taken into account when growing a plant in indoor conditions.

Why do the leaves of the ficus Benjamin turn yellow and fall

This problem is typical for this plant, but why this happens is difficult to determine immediately.

This is facilitated by many factors, consider the main ones:

  • Inappropriate temperature conditions. Ficuses do not like low temperatures, therefore, indoors, the optimal temperature is considered above twenty degrees, in winter, eighteen degrees, it can withstand temperatures up to ten degrees, but only for a short period of time.
  • It is important that the plant does not stand in a draft or be exposed to temperature extremes. In summer, for example, you cannot put a flowerpot near the air conditioner. Not adhering to these conditions, the flower will wilt and turn yellow before our eyes.
  • Improper watering. Watering the ficus is necessary when the top layer has dried 3 cm deep. The flower can withstand drying out of the earth (only for a short period), but excess moisture can lead to death. After watering, excess water gets into the sump, which should be removed immediately.
  • For high-quality watering, it is better to choose settled water, room temperature.
  • Needs foliage spraying.
  • Depletion of the soil leads to dropping and yellowing of the lower foliage. The reason for this is incorrect or untimely feeding. The complete fall of the leaves is possible if fertilizers have not been used for years.

These problems can be easily resolved with complete care.

Let's watch a useful video about why the leaves of Benjamin's ficus turn yellow:

Diseases and pests

Ficus Benjamin is susceptible to pest attacks and many diseases.

We will indicate the list of insects in the table.

PestSymptoms of defeat, methods of struggle
MealybugThe activity of insects is manifested by falling, wilting and twisting of foliage.
MiteThe parasite helps to reduce photosynthesis. If you do not help, the flower dies.
Aphid defeatThis is evidenced by yellowing of the leaves or a sharp leaf fall.

The symptoms of infection are the formation of brown spots, sticky plaque and sooty fungus.

The insect sucks out the juice, because of which the flower loses its vitality.

In this case, insecticidal oil, soap solution and a special varnish designed for this crop can be used as a treatment.

The ficus tree is susceptible to various infectious diseases. Insects provoke diseases, namely their discharge.

During the period of illness, special solutions are used for therapeutic therapy, and special care and attention are also needed.

A fungicide solution works very well. Before the procedure, the affected parts of the plant are cut off. Spraying is carried out several times until the disease disappears completely.

Fungal diseases appear as rot or mold. The fungus quickly infects the plant, therefore, if urgent qualified assistance is not provided, the infection affects the root system and the flower dies.

If, as a preventive measure, periodically treat the ficus with the necessary means, then infection can be avoided and the flower will not suffer.

Why do leaves turn yellow and fall in winter

In winter, falling and yellowing of foliage is most often due to the cold. Ficus is a thermophilic plant, so freezing or cold air reflects on it adversely.

In winter and even in summer, you cannot put the flowerpot on the tile floor, as a result, the roots freeze. It is also not recommended that the foliage is in contact with the glass when the flower is on the windowsill. You need to put the pot so that there is a sufficient distance between the window and the flowerpot. This point should be taken into account only in winter.

If the room temperature is below 18 or 16 degrees, this will also negatively affect the condition and structure of the leaves.

Another reason for the yellowing of the leaves is excessive watering. In winter, the flower is watered every 7 days.

Additionally, spraying or irrigation is carried out once a week.

When the room temperature is less than the specified one, watering is not carried out at all. Before the procedure, it is necessary to loosen the soil, this will help the water get to the root system faster and not stagnate.

What to do if the leaves of the Benjamin ficus fall after transplantation

A transplant is performed every year when the ficus is young. The roots grow quickly, and it becomes cramped in the flowerpot. If the transplant is not carried out in time, the roots and soil are depleted, and this negatively affects the state of the entire plant, especially metabolic processes.

However, the transplant itself will not give a 100% guarantee that the foliage will not turn yellow.

Much depends on how the procedure was performed. If you act inaccurately, you can easily damage the root or other part of the plant, which will negatively affect its condition in the future. As a result, all the foliage may fall off.

To avoid problems, transplanting should be carried out by transshipment, this will avoid damage.

After the procedure, it is necessary to protect the tree from direct sunlight and light. For the first 14 days, it is necessary to place the pot in the shade, and after the specified period, gradually accustom it to lighting.

When, after transplanting, the ficus has thrown off all the leaves, you do not need to rearrange it or subject it to any action. Then you need to leave him alone and wait for new foliage to grow.

Let's watch another useful video on the topic:

Why can the leaves turn yellow and fall off of rubber-bearing, variegated, kinky ficuses

In rubber ficus, after three years of age, several lower leaves fall off annually. This process is natural and is indicative of aging. In this case, where the leaf has fallen, a bud appears, from which a new shoot will grow.

If there is a massive leaf fall, it is worth thinking about the conditions in which the flower grows, whether all manipulations are observed.

The most common reason for the fall is excessive soil filling, low room temperature, trauma to the roots during the transplantation process, and insect attacks.

Kinky ficus sheds foliage if too much fertilizer is used. When introducing nutrients, it is important to follow a specific regimen.

The first fertilization is carried out at the end of dormancy. In the future, top dressing is introduced throughout the spring and autumn.

Mineral complexes specialized for this crop are used as fertilizers. Top dressing is introduced monthly.

It is worth paying attention to how the plants react to the fertilizers you choose. If the leaves begin to fall off or turn yellow, the complex is not suitable, and you need to pick up other substances.

You can consult with the seller of the flower shop. Do not neglect the instructions and apply more fertilizers than the indicated dosage, this advice also applies to the concentration when diluting the solution.

At the beginning of autumn, the amount of fertilizer is reduced to a minimum, and by the end of the autumn period, feeding is stopped until the onset of spring.

Variegated ficus turns yellow and falls off if it has been moved to another room or window sill. It can also be affected by a lack of light, and cold air.

The optimum temperature range is from plus 17 to plus 22 degrees. Avoid dryness and waterlogging of the soil. Leaf drop can occur if cold water is used for irrigation.

All tips are very similar, so the recommendations listed above will be relevant for growing any ficus.

So, Bedjamin's ficus will feel good if the appropriate conditions are created for it. The main thing is warmth, watering and feeding, everything should be in moderation.

Watch the video: Peace Lily Plant Care. 5 Reasons Why Your Leaves Are Drooping And How To Fix It (January 2022).