It is interesting that although the leaves of tomatoes have pronounced insecticidal properties, which is why they are used to prepare decoctions and infusions used against leaf-eating pests (caterpillars and onion moth and cabbage scoop, apple moth, gooseberry sawfly), there are many pests that can spoil the crop a tomato. Various tomato pests affect both the leaves of the plant and its stems and roots.
What are the pests of tomatoes
Whitefly. These pests are located on the underside of tomato leaves and absorb nutrients, causing damage similar to those caused by aphids. Whiteflies can interfere with fruit ripening and also cause the fruit to become white in color.
Melon aphid... Aphid colonies settle on shoots, on the underside of leaves, and flowers. Pests suck out all the juices from shoots, leaves, flowers, fruit ovaries, causing them to turn yellow, dry out and die.
Medvedka. Adult insects and their larvae. Breaking through the tunnels at the surface of the soil, the bear gnaws at the roots and stems of plants, which quickly leads to the death of the plant.
Colorado beetle. This well-known pest eats up leaf blades partially or completely.
Sprout fly. The whitish larvae of the sprout fly eat up the germinating seeds and barely hatched tomato seedlings.
Gall nematode. Pests cause pathogenic proliferation of tissues in the young roots in the form of nodules-galls, which are further destroyed and rotted. With a significant amount of damage, the plant dies very quickly.
Naked slugs. These pests of tomatoes perforate the leaves and gnaw through cavities in ripe fruits. Places that have been damaged by slugs become covered with a whitish silvery shiny liquid.