Agricultural technology of growing strawberries is of interest to many gardeners. It multiplies well, takes root easily, is not demanding on the climate and soil.
- Planting and leaving
- Preparing your planting material
- Weed control
Planting and leaving
Agrotechnology for growing strawberries consists in several points, by completing which you can get an excellent harvest. First you need to find the right place for landing. The best place to plant is in flat terrain, but not in the lowlands. There should be good lighting. It is desirable to protect the strawberries from the wind. You should not choose a place with high humidity, as waterlogging has a negative effect on strawberries.
The predominance of loamy soil requires the addition of humus and peat to it. If the soil is sandy, then soil with peat, sawdust, humus, turf soil is added to it. If the groundwater is close, then the ridges should be raised higher.
The best time to plant strawberries is the end of July. It is better to plant seedlings in the evening or in cloudy weather. Thanks to this, the bushes are better acclimatized.
And after planting, you must immediately carefully water the strawberries. It is advisable to water it with a watering can by sprinkling, in this way the root system will be more preserved.
It is better to cover young seedlings at first. You can loosen the ground a month after planting seedlings. Loosening promotes the supply of an increased amount of oxygen to the roots.
To make the berry plantings less infected with gray rot, they are treated with drugs of biological origin. Chemistry should not be used, as children often eat berries directly from the bushes, without processing. Therefore, to save crops and reduce morbidity, it is better to use Fitosporin or Fitop.
The first treatment in the season is carried out early, as soon as the soil dries out. Then spraying is carried out at the moment when flowering has just ended, the first green berries began to form.
What other diseases can strawberries have? By the end of summer, brown and white leaf spot may appear. White spot appears in the form of red spots with white dots, and brown - in the form of brownish-red spots on the leaves, the edges of which dry out. Therefore, in early autumn, the treatment with biological products must be repeated again.
Preparing your planting material
To prepare new planting material from your plants during strawberry fruiting, the bushes with the highest fruiting should be marked with sticks or markers. Pay attention to the size of the berries and the correctness of their shape.
In August, when a two-year-old strawberry that has fruited begins to actively release a mustache, it is necessary to leave the first two sockets. The rest must be cut off. These abandoned bushes must be left for the winter, without cutting them off from the mother bush, and without replanting. By the beginning of the next season, these bushes, grown on the nutrition of the mother bushes, will have a developed dense aboveground part and strong roots.
The transplant is done by transshipment in order to less damage the root system. To do this, a garden bed is prepared the day before, which is well spilled with solutions of Fitosporin, Alina-B, Gaupsin, with the addition of Gumi. In the garden, holes are prepared using a small spatula so that the transplanted material fits well in them. The transshipment is done at the beginning of June.
The distance between the strawberry bushes is 25 cm. Before planting, a liter of water is poured into each hole and they go for planting material. The rosette is separated from the mother bush, dug as deep as possible, and transferred to a new place directly on the shoulder blade. So the roots do not worry once again. After planting, it is necessary to compress the soil from all sides. On top of the planting, it is advisable to spray with a liter mixture of Ecoberin and Healthy Garden (each with 2 grains), Zircon (2 drops).
Such plantings will bloom this summer and give a harvest.
It is useful to plant low-growing marigolds on both sides of the plantings. They will not only shield the ground from excessive heat and reduce the emergence of weeds, but also prevent nematodes from multiplying. It is also useful to sow leafy parsley between them. Its scent will scare away slugs.
If you don't want to bother planting greenery in the aisle of strawberries, then cover the empty spaces with black material. Or use roofing felt as described here.
After the marigolds freeze, do not pull the plants out of the soil so as not to damage the roots of the strawberries.
Just cut the bushes at ground level and their roots will continue to protect plants from nematodes with their phytoncides. In addition, they will overheat over time and will be good food for soil microorganisms and worms. Also, do not throw out the cut marigold bushes themselves, it is better to gut them and scatter them between the rows.
Correct cultivation technique helps to increase the yield and quality of strawberries. In addition, it is always very interesting to grow planting material on your own. Perhaps our gardening materials will be useful to you.