Galanthus is a small perennial bulbous plant, native to Europe that forms large clumps of flowers and leaves. It is one of the first plants that bloom at the end of winter, hence the name of the plant; the bulbs are usually buried in tufts, so as to produce spots of color at the blossoming of the flowers, which are small white bell-shaped flowers, with the corollas turned downwards consisting of two rows of petals, the innermost usually having green spots on the tips. These are particularly graceful, elegant, delicate and candid species, thanks to the pure color of the petals. In nature, there are many cultivars, all white-flowered; among these are the "mighty atom" with very large flowers, the G.n. lutescens which has yellow spots on the petals and the flowers have double corollas.
The snowdrop plants do not like the direct rays of the sun, preferring the shaded and protected positions, preferably at the foot of trees or large shrubs. The flowers fade quickly if the temperatures are high. The galanthus they are species that do not fear the cold in any way and can withstand temperatures of many degrees below zero with no particular difficulty in finding growth. On the contrary, they suffer when temperatures start to rise. In places where mild winters occur, it is advisable to opt for the cultivation of Mediterranean and eastern snowdrop species as the Alpine varieties prefer much more rigid temperatures and would suffer excessively.
Galanthus need a good amount of water to grow at their best, which is usually provided by spring rains; if the winter had been very dry it is advisable to supply small amounts of water to guarantee abundant flowering.
as far as the growth terrain of snowdrop species is concerned, we can say that these plants do not have particular cultivation requirements with regard to the soil; they grow well in any garden compound, still preferring loose soils, very rich in humus. If you want to grow snowdrops in the garden, a practical tip to grow your seedlings in the best way is to place the bulbs very close together. In this way, the plants, once grown, will form a bush of great visual effect and of particular beauty thanks to the whiteness of their petals and the elegance of their structure. Cultivating these species is also quite simple: it could therefore be an excellent idea to obtain a flower garden even during the coldest season of the year!
The bulbs left buried tend to reproduce naturally by division, so to have new tufts of snowdrops it is sufficient to divide the existing ones, taking some bulbs; if planted in autumn they will bloom already at the end of winter.
Snowdrop - Galanthus: Pests and diseases
Snowdrops do not fear particular pests or diseases. If the winter is too dry, the bulbs can dry out and produce few flowers in the spring, but this problem does not compromise the plants at all.